Presentation on theme: "DISABILITY POLITICS AND VETERANS WITH DISABILITIES Amanda Kraus, Ph. D., and Nick Rattray, Doctoral Candidate The University of Arizona."— Presentation transcript:
DISABILITY POLITICS AND VETERANS WITH DISABILITIES Amanda Kraus, Ph. D., and Nick Rattray, Doctoral Candidate The University of Arizona
Abstract Using data from the Disabled Veterans Reintegration and Education Project at the University of Arizona, this presentation will discuss how experiences of disability are influenced by military service, the intersections of veteran and disability identity, and associated developmental processes. Implications for the larger disability community and higher education will be explored.
Disabled Veterans Reintegration and Education Project Goal to more authentically understand how disabled veterans experience higher education Historical shifts in perceptions of veterans and disabled veterans Vietnam: 3 to 1 injury to casualty OEF/OIF: 16 to 1 injury to casualty (under-reported) $4-6 billion in mental health costs – VA top priority Produce a model with recommendations on strategies that contribute to the success of veterans on campus Four year Congressionally-directed grant
Disabled Veterans Reintegration and Education Project Research Participatory-action research and mixed qualitative methodology 35 individual, semi-structured interviews Outreach Professionals’ Roundtable Sports and Wellness Camp Liaise with Student Vets Center and campus and community and campus and community Academic initiatives SERV Online faculty resources Direct Services DRC accommodations Healing Touch
Impact of DVRE Initiative 2008- 2009 2009- 2010 2010- 2011 Initiative Total Sports and Wellness Camp 202220 62 Individual interviewsn/a231235 Healing Touchn/a475198 DRC Accommodations 6152647 SERV classes8242759 Student Veterans Center 125225250600 Student Veterans of America club 100200 500 Annual Total2595535861401
Finest of the Finest: Injured in Service “Veterans are the finest citizens, and disabled veterans are the finest of the finest” or two times a citizen: ‘military citizenship,’ a new form of identity” (Messinger, 2008).
Hierarchy of disability and service Insiders ascribe value to how one becomes injured or disabled VA ratings Determine benefits, may not match personal identification Identity Formation: Disabled student veterans
Identity quotes “I’ve been avoiding the Disability Resource Center (DRC) like it was the plague” “Well, I got PTSD. They gave me that last year or so. Back and knees and just basic joint stuff. Well, I got actually—not too long ago I got diagnosed with a mild TBI just from getting tossed around the back of a truck, hit with a couple explosions, but that’s about it. No puncture wounds or gun shots or anything like that.”
Identity quotes “Do you identify as a person with a disability?” I’m finding it hard to identify that way. I’m just now–you saw me in the DRC, and I’m just now finally saying, “Yeah, I can’t learn as well as I used to be able to,” so it’s like–I guess yes-ish, I guess they’re getting me.”
Deceased Combat-related Official recognition (i.e. Purple Heart) Service-connected Combat Theatre Visible injuries or disabilities Living Non-combat-related Unrecognized Non-Service-related (e.g. skiing accident) Stateside or other non-combat location Invisible (including physical, learning disabilities, psychological, TBIs )
Resources for veterans and non- veterans Resource distribution Rehabilitation and products that other disabled people cannot access, do not deserve Disability disqualifies from military service Creates divide in vets community between visible/invisible, physical/non-physical, tangible/intangible
Implications Expand definition of disability and reframe ideas around access Multiple disabilities versus silos Rehabilitation shapes disability identity development VA Goal: disability can be fixed Back to service Better than before Reality: a new normal
Implications Coalitional politics Military citizenship may continue to separate veterans from civilian, disability community Primary identity: disabled, student, veteran Athletics as way to negotiate community membership Ex: Sports Camps What are the challenges associated with disabled vets serving as change agents for broader disability rights?
Congratulations! You’ve been rehabilitated! “Congratulations! You have completed your Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment program. Therefore, I am declaring that you are rehabilitated.”