Presentation on theme: "The Week of October 27, 2012 Edgar Allan Poe and Gothic Literature"— Presentation transcript:
1The Week of October 27, 2012 Edgar Allan Poe and Gothic Literature
2Important Concepts of EAP Unit Elements of Gothic LiteratureBackground on Edgar Allen PoeComprehension of “The Masque of the Red Death” and “The Raven”Literary Elements: Allegory, Archetypes, Allusion, Symbolism, Unreliable NarratorVocabularyConnecting historical plagues and current events with the “Red Death”Summary, Making Connections, Note-Taking
3Elements of Gothic Literature What makes a work Gothic is a combination of at least some of these elements:a castle, ruined or intact, haunted or not;ruined buildings which are sinister or which arouse a pleasing melancholy;dungeons, underground passages, crypts, and catacombs which, in modern houses, become spooky basements or attics;
4Gothic Elements continued: labyrinths, dark corridors, and winding stairs,shadows, a beam of moonlight in the blackness, a flickering candle, or the only source of light failing (a candle blown out or an electric failure),extreme landscapes, like rugged mountains, thick forests, or icy wastes, and extreme weather,omens and ancestral curses,
5…yet more Gothic Elements: magic, supernatural manifestations, or the suggestion of the supernatural,a passion-driven, willful villain-hero or villain,a curious heroine with a tendency to faint and a need to be rescued–frequently,a hero whose true identity is revealed by the end of the novel,horrifying (or terrifying) events or the threat of such happenings.
12“For some of us--and I include myself, the prospect of safely experiencing dread or horror is thrilling and enjoyable.” Lilia Melani
13"I became insane, with long intervals of horrible sanity "I became insane, with long intervals of horrible sanity." — Edgar Allan Poe19th Century GeniusEdgar Allan Poe
14Parents: Biological Parents: The Poes David—drank heavily Elizabeth—deserted by husband and died at young ageEdgar was left an orphanAdopted Parents: The AllansJohn—became Edgar’s guardian and provided for his education, but never supported his decisionsFrancis—adored Edgar, but never legally adopted himEdgar took Allan as his middle name, wanted to feel like he belonged
15Writing Career: Most known for his Gothic writings Gothic-a genre of literature that combines elements of both horror and romance.Nicknamed “The Father of the Detective Story”Most respected for his career as an essayist and editor of the Southern Literary Messenger
16Writing Career: Most prestigious poem—”The Raven” Other detective stories“The Purloined Letter”“The Fall of the House of Usher”“The Cask of Amontillado”“The Tell-Tale Heart”
17Personal Life:Lived with his Aunt, Maria Clemm, during times of financial hardshipFell in love and married Clemm’s daughter, Virginia, when she was 13Virginia was Poe’s cousin
18Tragedy: Many people close to Poe died. Mrs. Poe-tuberculosisMrs. Allan-tuberculosisVirginia-tuberculosisMuch of his life was lived in poverty. He was never able to provide for his wife.
19Death: Found half-dead in an alley in Baltimore. Died 4 days later in a hospital.Cause of death was unknown, but could be attributed to alcoholism, drugs, or other illness.
20Just some Facts: Poe always wore black—reinforcing the Gothic theme. Always spoke in a whisper or low tones, even in a violent discussion.Wrote a short story about travelling to the moon.
23The bubonic plague - The Black Death Began in Sicily in 1347Carried on ships from the EastCarriers were rats/fleas!Trading ships carried the plague inland to ItalyConditions in the cities was perfect for the plagueNo regulated garbage collectionsRefuse accumulated in piles in the streetsRushes were used instead of rugs—creating a breeding ground for verminNo running water—no regular bathing
24The bubonic plague - The Black Death Precautions:Isolation“play today for we die tomorrow”Flee!Result:Bodies piled up in the streets and were removed with cartsMass burials in ditchesFleas on Rats
43Contagion: (noun) something that spreads rapidly
44What does the color blue represent? The east (directional not cultural)BeginningsBirth“unknown”- (Bolt out of the blue.)Sin: LustNature: waterIt can also mean: peace, tranquility, calm, stability, harmony, unity, trust, truth, confidence, order, security, cleanliness, loyalty, cold, technology, depression.
45What does the color purple represent? Combination of blue (birth) and red (life/intensity)Beginnings of growthA period of life when something was accomplishedSin: PrideNature: animalsIt can also mean: royalty, spirituality, nobility, ceremony, mystery, transformation, wisdom, enlightenment, cruelty, arrogance, mourning.
46What does the color green represent? “spring of life”- (In the prime of his years)YouthSin: EnvyNature: plantsIt can also mean: nature, environment, health, good luck, renewal, youth, vigor, spring, envy, generosity, jealousy, inexperience
47What does the color orange represent? Summer/autumn of life- (beyond his prime but not yet old)“The harvest or fulfillment of human labor and ambition.” - Kermit VanderbiltSin: GluttonyNature: energy/ Balance – SunIt can also mean: energy, balance, warmth, enthusiasm, vibrancy, expansiveness, flamboyance, demands for attention, often worn by the self-sacrificing hero, worn by Buddhist monk
48What does the color white represent? Suggests ageWhite hairBonesDecomposition- approaching deathNature: The SunIt can also mean: reverence, purity, simplicity, cleanliness, peace, humility, precision, innocence, youth, birth, winter, snow, good, marriage (in Western cultures), cold, death (in Eastern cultures)
49What does the color violet represent? Combination of purple/blue or purple/greyShadowy colorRepresents gravity, chastity, somberness- the dignity of old age
50What does the color black represent? DEATH!!!The west (directional not cultural)Nature: primordial voidIt can also mean: power, sophistication, formality, elegance, wealth, mystery, fear, evil, depth, anonymity, unhappiness, style, sadness, remorse, anger, underground, mourning, death
52Literary ElementsGothic literature: genre of literature that combines both horror and romanceUnreliable narrator: narrator who may not always know the whole truth or may purposely choose to deceive the reader.Allusion: a reference to another body of work which acts like a kind of shorthand, bringing additional meaning and emotional impact to a story, like the use of the terms “Achilles’ heel” (Watch for this as we read!)
53Allegory…is an extended metaphor that is carried throughout an story or novel.It features a set of recognizable symbols whose meanings combine to convey a message. An allegory always operates on two levels of meaning: the literal elements of the plot (the colors of the rooms, for example) and their symbolic counterparts,which often involve large philosophical concepts (such as life and death).The underlying meaning has moral, social, religious, or political significance, and characters are often personifications of abstract ideas as charity, greed, or envy.
54Quickwrite “Fear of failure must never be a reason not to try something.” Rich and powerful people often build huge houses. They build high walls around their estates so that they can block out the upsetting parts of life, just like Prince Prospero.If you were Prince Prospero and could hide from your fears, what would you hide from? Would you hide? Or would you face your fear?