Presentation on theme: "Outline: # 2 Map of Europe in 998.Europe998 The Bubonic Plague “The Black Death” Named because of the color of skin of victim and buboes Spread throughout."— Presentation transcript:
Outline: # 2 Map of Europe in 998.Europe998
The Bubonic Plague “The Black Death” Named because of the color of skin of victim and buboes Spread throughout Europe from Preempted by… “Seven lean years” ( ) Little Ice Age (LIA)
Caused by bacteria called Yersinia Pestis
The Bubonic Plague(Cont’d) Originated in Asia circa 1331 Spread of the plague was instigated by poor living conditions Many blamed the Jews Thought they poisoned well waters Resulting in the killing of thousands of Jews Flagellants? If you’ve seen The DaVinci code, you witnessed it. Manuscript illumination…on page 348 Dance of Death…fresco…pg. 349/
Care of the Sick Thought in terms of “poisons” or “corrupted air” “So incurable was the evil that neither any regularity of life, nor any bodily strength count resist it. Strong and weak bodies were all similarity carried away.” Religious cared for sick Wealthy fled cities “almost no one cared for his neighbor…brother abandoned brother…”
"Ring Around the Rosie" Ring around the rosey: Referring to ring that appear on the skin because of the plague. -Pocket full of posies: Poises are a strong smelling flower, so people filled their pockets with them to hide the smell that the plague gave off so people wouldn't know they had it. -Ashes, Ashes: Refers to people being burnt to ashes after they died because they couldn't be buried or the infection would spread. -We all fall down!: Referring to people dying. Could be an urban legend????????
Giovanni Boccaccio Italian writer that described the course of the Black Death Pinpointed rats as the spread of the disease Preface of his book The Decameron Collection of small novels 7 women and 3 men fleeing from the plague to a villa told stories to pass the time/
Economic, Religious & Cultural Effects General inflation Labor shortage Higher wages Art reveal a morbid focus on death Endowments increased
“Misery of the Middle Ages”“Misery of the Middle Ages”
Causes of conflict: 1.Disagreement over rights of land 1.Dispute over the succession to the French throne Charles IV(Fr.),dies childless in 1328; Capetian dynasty ends Charles’ sister, Isabella, had a son—Edward III, king of England Salic law—exclusion of women (6 th C law maintained until 1789!) What happened from here?? 1.Economic conflicts 2.Duchy of Aquitaine/
Early English Victories
The French “Reconquest” Even though in 1428 the military and political power seemed firmly in British hands, the French reversed the situation. In 1429, with the aid of the mysterious Joan of Arc, the French king, Charles VII, was able to raise the English siege of Orleans. This began the reconquest of the north of France.
France Becomes Unified! France in 1337 France in 1453
The End of the War By 1453 the English had lost all their major centers except Calais. There was not treaty, only a cessation of hostilities.
A major cause of the Hundred Years’ War for the French was that: The French nobles were unwilling to give their support to the English who claimed the throne of France A woman had become ruler of France for the 1 st time The King of France claimed the throne of England The economic reason of wool/
Impact 100 Yrs. war 1. rise of nationalism 2. representative assembly's will develop…. Parliamentary system 3. War of the Roses—rise of the Tudor dynasty in England 4. The twin pillars of the Middle Ages---The Age of Faith & the Age of Chivalry…will die/
Challenges to the Church Clergy challenged Pope Wyclif Laypeople challenged Clergy Divided “Rome” – 1 Pope, 2 Popes, 3 Popes (hahahaha) a.k.a Schisms Writers argued that church should be subordinate to the government, or separate Williams of Occam Marsiglio Padua Influence of literacy
Social Unrest in a Changing Society Small Group work Read the assigned section Develop and write a two sentences summary Create a list of five facts that are important to know