Presentation on theme: "History Alive Chapter 11. Hebrews civilization developed around 1800 B.C.E. to 70 C.E. The Hebrews lived in Mesopotamia and moved to Canaan (modern-"— Presentation transcript:
History Alive Chapter 11
Hebrews civilization developed around 1800 B.C.E. to 70 C.E. The Hebrews lived in Mesopotamia and moved to Canaan (modern- day Israel).
eventually became known as the Jews. Judaism in the Jewish religion.
Is the origins of Judaism and its basic laws. The word “Torah” Means “God’s teachings” The Torah is the first five books of the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament.
History of the Hebrews. Oral record that was later recorded.
Abraham Moses King David King Solomon
Abraham Originally called Abram. Lived in Ur. Moved to Canaan.
God promised to favor and protect Abram’s descendents meaning his children and the generations that would follow. In return, Abram promised that his people would always devote themselves to God
God said, “I will make your descendants as many as the stars of heaven.”
God tested Abraham by asking him to sacrifice his only son Isaac. Abraham loved his son very much, but he also wanted to follow what God wanted him to do.
He introduced the belief in a single God. Because of the Abrahamic covenant, he set the standard for how Jewish people should live. Their reward for righteousness was a promised land.
Clues U to C
Moses led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt. He gave the Hebrews the Ten Commandments.
In 1250 B.C.E. a large group of Abraham’s descendants were living in Egypt. The Egyptians were afraid they would take over. The pharaoh sent out a decree that all Hebrew boys should be killed.
Moses’s mother made a basket for him and put him into the basket, so he would not be killed. The pharaoh’s sister found him in the Nile River.
Moses was raised by the sister’s pharaoh in the palaces of Egypt.
Went before the pharaoh and told him that he wanted the Hebrews to be freed.
A plague is a terrible disaster affecting many people and thought to be sent by God as a punishment.
God punished Egypt with 10 plagues.
God sent a darkness to passover Egypt and kill the first born. If the doorway was marked with lamb’s blood, then the first born would not be killed.
The pharaoh was so upset that he allowed the Hebrew slaves to be freed.
The Pharaoh changed his mind and sent the Egyptian army to kill Moses and the Hebrews. Moses then parted the Red Sea so the Hebrews could walk across.
Means the departure. This story is found in Exodus in The Bible.
God gave Moses the Ten Commandments on Mount Sinai.
Judaism’s basic laws. By obeying the commandments the Hebrews would fulfill their part of the covenant with God.
1. Moses led the Hebrews out of Egypt. 2. Moses received the The Ten Commandments which set up the fundamental laws of Judaism.
In 1000 B.C.E., the Hebrews were fighting the Philistines. Philistines promised to be slaves if one of the Hebrews could beat the giant Goliath.
David was not a grown man. He stepped forward to fight. He did not want to wear any armor or carry weapons. He only carried a slingshot and some stones.
Is the King at the time. He agrees to let David fight Goliath.
David used his slingshot and hit Goliath between the eyes with a stone, which killed Goliath.
United Israel and Judah into one kingdom known as Israel.
Became a great leader. He defeated the Philistines and other enemies.
David brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem. Jerusalem became a Holy City.
The Ark of the Covenant was a wood and gold chest that held the Ten Commandments.
After David’s death his son Solomon, built a temple to house the Ark of the Covenant.
Over 3,000 officials were needed to oversee the project. Solomon taxed his people to buy gold, cedar wood, and other materials for the temples.
Created a monarchy of Kings to rule the Jewish people for over 400 years. David Established Jerusalem as a Holy City. Solomon built the first great temple.