Presentation on theme: "Moses and the Exodus 7 th Grade Religion. The Book of Exodus Begins... Exodus begins by listing Joseph’s descendants and those of his brothers, who."— Presentation transcript:
The Book of Exodus Begins... Exodus begins by listing Joseph’s descendants and those of his brothers, who came to Egypt to live with him. Together they were the sons of Israel. Pharaoh Ramses II (1290–1224 BC) came to power and “knew nothing of Joseph” (Exodus 1:8). Ramses II felt threatened by the many Israelites, so he enslaved them. Image in public domain
Now Joseph and all his brothers and that whole generation died. Ex 1:6
But the Israelites were fruitful and prolific. They multiplied and became so very numerous that the land was filled with them. Ex 1:7
Then a new king, who knew nothing of Joseph, * rose to power in Egypt. He said to his people, * Ex 1:8-9
Accordingly, they set supervisors over the Israelites to oppress them with forced labor. Thus they had to build for Pharaoh the garrison cities of Pithom and Raamses. Ex 1:11
Yet the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread, so that the Egyptians began to loathe the Israelites. Ex 1:12
The king of Egypt told the Hebrew midwives, one of whom was called Shiphrah and the other Puah, Ex 1:15-16
Miriam the prophetess was the sister of Moses and Aaron. She saved Moses from Pharaoh’s plan to kill all Israelite boys at birth by floating Moses on the Nile in a basket, where Pharaoh's daughter found him. Miriam also provided her mother the opportunity to remain in Moses’ life by suggesting her to Pharaoh’s daughter as a nurse for the infant Moses. Miriam Image in public domain
Moses was brought up as Egyptian royalty, but his contact with his family gave him exposure to and sympathy for the Israelites. After Moses reaches adulthood, he sees an Egyptian striking an Israelite slave. In defense of the slave, Moses kills the Egyptian and hides the body in the sand. When it becomes known what Moses has done, he fears for his life and flees to the land of Midian. In Midian he encounters the daughters of Reuel, a priest of Midian. Moses stays with Reuel and marries his daughter Zipporah. Moses’ Early Years Image in public domain
Years later God reveals himself to Moses and calls him to a key role in the salvation of God’s People. Moses experiences a theophany through a burning bush. God identifies himself as “I am who am” and calls Moses to be his voice of truth and arm of justice. God Calls Moses Image in public domain
Meanwhile Moses was tending the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian. Leading the flock beyond the wilderness, he came to the mountain of God, Horeb. Ex 3:1
There the angel of the LORD * appeared to him as fire flaming out of a bush. * Ex 3:2a
When he looked, although the bush was on fire, it was not being consumed. Ex 3:2b
11 But Moses said to God, “Who am I * that I should go to Pharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?” * 12God answered: I will be with you; and this will be your sign * that I have sent you. When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you will serve God at this mountain.1 * 13“But,” said Moses to God, “if I go to the Israelites and say to them, ‘The God of your ancestors has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ what do I tell them?” Ex 3:11-13
Ex 3:14-15 14God replied to Moses: I am who I am. * Then he added: This is what you will tell the Israelites: I AM has sent me to you. * 15God spoke further to Moses: This is what you will say to the Israelites: The LORD, the God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is my name forever; e e this is my title for all generations.
Moses Returns to Egypt Upon returning to Egypt, Moses said to Pharaoh, “Thus says the L ORD, the God of Israel: Let my people go...” (Exodus 5:1). Pharaoh refused to release the Israelites, so God unleashed ten plagues on Pharaoh and Egypt.
The Ten Plagues First Plague: Water turned into Blood Second Plague: Frogs Third Plague: Gnats Fourth Plague: Flies Fifth Plague: Pestilence Sixth Plague: Boils Seventh Plague: Hail Eighth Plague: Locusts Ninth Plague: Darkness Image in public domain
The Tenth Plague and Passover Tenth Plague: Death of the Firstborn God spared the Israelites from this plague by passing over the houses marked with the blood of the sacrificial lamb. This event is known as the Passover. Image in public domain
Freedom from Egypt After the tenth plague, Pharaoh lets the Israelites go. Pharaoh soon changes his mind and the Egyptian armies pursue the Israelites. On the shores of the Red Sea, God defeats the Egyptians. Image in public domain
The Sinai Covenant Mount Sinai is the sacred ground where God forms a Covenant with his Chosen People. Contained within this Covenant are the laws and obligations known as the Ten Commandments. Within the framework of the Sinai Covenant, God declares himself to be their God, a God of fidelity, love, and justice.
The Ten Commandments I am the L ORD your God: you shall not have strange Gods before me. You shall not take the name of the L ORD your God in vain. Remember to keep holy the L ORD ’s Day. Honor your father and your mother. You shall not kill. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife. You shall not covet your neighbor’s goods. (CCC, pp. 496 – 497)