2 The 10 Plagues Water into Blood Frogs Lice Flies Livestock Diseased BoilsHailLocustsDarknessDeath of the Firstborn
3 1st Plague: Water into Blood Exodus 7:14-24“So he lifted up the rod and struck the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants. And all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood. The fish that were in the river died, the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink the water of the river. So there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt. ”Water turned to bloodFish diedCouldn’t drink from itFear and inconvenience to the people
4 2nd Plague: Frogs Exodus 8:1-15 Fear and inconvenience to the people “So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the land of Egypt.”Fear and inconvenience to the people
5 3rd Plague: Lice Exodus 8:16-19 “For Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod and struck the dust of the earth, and it became lice on man and beast. All the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.”Pain onto man and animals
6 4th Plague: Flies Exodus 8:20-32 Pharaoh BEGGED Moses to get rid of the fliesDiscomfort to man and animals
7 5th Plague: Livestock Diseased Exodus 9:1-7Death to animals onlyPharaoh went to check if the livestock of the Israelites died as well but he found out not one did
8 6th Plague: BoilsExodus 9:8-12Severe pain to man and animals
9 7th Plague: Hail Exodus 9:13-35 A warning? Behold, tomorrow about this time I will cause very heavy hail to rain down, such as has not been in Egypt since its founding until now. 19 Therefore send now and gather your livestock and all that you have in the field, for the hail shall come down on every man and every animal which is found in the field and is not brought home; and they shall die.Only the hard-hearted suffer
10 8th Plague: Locusts Exodus 10:1-20 Before the Locusts came Pharaoh said, “How long shall this man be a snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve the LORD their God. Do you not yet know that Egypt is destroyed?”Ate everything in the landPharaoh BEGGED them again!
11 9th Plague: Darkness Exodus 10:21-29 Inability to see Pharaoh gave permission for the Israelites to leave but they would have to leave the flock, etc.
12 10th Plague: Death of the Firstborn Exodus 11:1-10 & Exodus 12:1-42Death to all the firstborn in Egypt“...that you may know that the LORD does make a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.”
13 What was the point? Pharaoh’s heart was hardened against the people Exodus 7:14 So the LORD said to Moses: “Pharaoh’s heart is hard; he refuses to let the people go.”
14 Why Did Pharaoh Disobey? In Ancient Egypt, the King is viewed as the son of the Sun God (Ra). And the people viewed him as a God, and if he were to submit himself to the God of the Hebrews, he may lose his political standing
15 Why Did the Egyptians Disobey? They trusted in their Egyptian Gods whom they worship. They believe that their Gods would be able to stand and protect them despite all the warning given by God through Moses and Aaron.
16 The Plagues Affected the Israelites too! BUT ONLY THE FIRST 3! Water turn to blood: Israelites were deprive of drinking water as well Frogs: Frogs invaded the house of the Israelites living in Goshen as well Lice: The same lice attacked the Israelites in Goshen as well.
17 The Plagues Affected the Israelites too! The Israelites do not trust Moses, despites God giving Moses the sign.The Israelites are faithless. They believed Moses initially (Ex 4:29-31), yet they lost their faith when the Pharaoh started to be nasty.
18 The Result of Turning Back to God: Israelites went through a re-examinationIt is during this time where they found that their faith is lacking, and repented from their faithlessness. When they were reconciled with God, He stopped his punishment upon them.But, the Egyptians hard heartedness caused God to continue to punish them.
19 The Result of Turning Back to God: Flies: God made a distinction between the land of Goshen which the Israelites stayed (Ex 8:22-24). God especially protected the Israelites from the plague.Livestock diseased: The livestock of the Egyptians and the Pharaoh were all diseased and are dead. The Pharaoh assumed that the Hebrews livestock would die as well but when he sent his men to check, all the livestock of the Hebrews were unharmed (Ex 9:7)
20 The 10 Plagues Nile Hapi (god of the Nile) Frogs Heket (goddess of Fertility)Lice Geb (god of the earth)Flies Khepri (god of creation and rebirth)Livestock Hathor (goddess of love and protection)Boils Isis (goddess of medicine and peace)Hailstone Nut (goddess of the sky)Locusts Seth (god of the storm and disorder)Darkness Ra (the sun god)Firstborn Pharaoh (Ultimate power in Egypt)
21 The 10 Plagues targeted specifically at the gods Egyptians worship. God used the plagues to show the Egyptians that the idols they worship are not gods, and they can’t protect themselves.God of the Hebrews indeed controls the heaven and earth but since no one wanted to believe Him, He used the 10 plagues to prove it.
22 Aaron’s time to shine! For the first 3 plagues, God told Moses: Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Take your rod and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their streams, over their rivers, over their ponds, and over all their pools of water, that they may become blood…”Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your hand with your rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up on the land of Egypt.’”So the LORD said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your rod, and strike the dust of the land, so that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.’”
23 Moses’ Time to Speak! For the 4th and 5th plagues, God told Moses: And the LORD said to Moses, “Rise early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh as he comes out to the water…”Then the LORD said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the LORD God of the Hebrews: “Let My people go, that they may serve Me. For if you refuse to let them go, and still hold them, behold, the hand of the LORD will be on your cattle in the field, on the horses, on the donkeys, on the camels, on the oxen, and on the sheep-a very severe pestilence.
24 Double Trouble! For the 6th plague, God told Moses: So the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “Take for yourselves handfuls of ashes from a furnace, and let Moses scatter it toward the heavens in the sight of Pharaoh…”
25 Moses’ Time to Shine! For the 7th to 9th plagues, God told Moses: Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt…”Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts…”Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt…”
26 None of the Above? For the 10th plagues, God told Moses: And the LORD said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. Afterward he will let you go from here.
27 Verse of the Lesson: Revelations 15:3 They sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying: “Great and marvelous are Your works, Lord God Almighty! Just and true are Your ways, O King of the saints!”