Presentation on theme: "The Crusades. Crusades 1096-1272 AD What: military expeditions Who: sent by different popes Why: to capture the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks"— Presentation transcript:
Crusades 1096-1272 AD What: military expeditions Who: sent by different popes Why: to capture the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks http://www.history.com/topics/crusades/videos#roots-of-the-crusades
Pope Leader of the Roman Catholic Church. Pope Urban II – began 1 st Crusade Pope Urban II preaches the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont. Coat of Arms
Jerusalem: important to… Jews Temple Mount Western Wall – part of King Solomon’s Temple Muslims Dome of the Rock Temple Mount – where the rock is Christians Church of the Holy Sepulchre The gold cost $15 million The rock Abraham almost sacrificed Isaac on & the place Muhammad ascended into Heaven from Where Jesus was crucified & buried
Muslim Turks Islam spread far from its birthplace in the modern nation of Saudi Arabia. By AD 1095, Muslim territory included land where Jesus Christ lived. Christians in that time believed Christians, not Muslims, should control their holy lands.
First Crusade 1095 - 1099 Led by Duke Godfrey who captured Jerusalem, killing Jews along the way. http://www.history.com /topics/crusades/videos #duke-godfrey-leads- the-first-crusade http://www.history.com /topics/crusades/videos #duke-godfrey-leads- the-first-crusade The capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders on 15 July 1099 1. The Holy Sepulchre 2. The Dome of the Rock 3. Ramparts – wall around city
Why go? Poor had a long bad spell: drought, famine, and sickness Some thought the crusade was an escape from these hardships. Also: weird sky signs beginning in 1095 - meteor shower, northern lights, a lunar eclipse, and a comet – signs from God??? Pope promised some that sins would be wiped out & they would go to heaven
Results of Crusades Crusaders did not win back Holy Lands BUT…survivors brought back new ideas: – New maps – New foods – New medicines – Desire for MORE Led to travel, trade, and Renaissance… and PLAGUE
Results of the Crusades Europeans… Learned to draw better maps Learned to build better ships Saw new products Contributed to exploration & empire building
New Maps Before the CrusadesAfter the Crusades
New Ships Before the CrusadesAfter the Crusades
New Products Before the Crusades Unflavored porridge, whole- grain stews, or unleavened bread, with a little bit of fish and eggs Clothes made of wool, linen fur, & leather After the Crusades Clothes made of wool, silk, linen, hemp, cotton, leather, & fur Spices: Pepper (very expensive!), cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, ginger, saffron, cardamom, coriander, cumin, turmeric, mace fruits
Travel along the Silk Road Traders traveled from Europe to the East for silk, spices, and new ideas. They battled tribes and hardships. The Italians controlled entry into Europe and grew rich.
Spread of the Plague along the Silk Road Jews were burned alive during the Plague
1347 AD Plague reaches Europe Caused by a germ that lives in some kinds of rats. Fleas bite the rats and get sick. Fleas bite people & people get sick. Killed 75 million people. http://www.history.com/topics/crusades/videos#coroners-report-plague