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The Crusades.

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Presentation on theme: "The Crusades."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Crusades

2 Crusades 1096-1272 AD What: military expeditions
Who: sent by different popes Why: to capture the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks

3 Pope Leader of the Roman Catholic Church.
Pope Urban II – began 1st Crusade Coat of Arms Pope Urban II preaches the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont.

4 Holy Land

5 Jerusalem: important to…
Jews Temple Mount Western Wall – part of King Solomon’s Temple Muslims Dome of the Rock Temple Mount – where the rock is Christians Church of the Holy Sepulchre The gold cost $15 million The rock Abraham almost sacrificed Isaac on & the place Muhammad ascended into Heaven from Where Jesus was crucified & buried

6 Muslim Turks Islam spread far from its birthplace in the modern nation of Saudi Arabia. By AD 1095, Muslim territory included land where Jesus Christ lived. Christians in that time believed Christians, not Muslims, should control their holy lands.

7 First Crusade Led by Duke Godfrey who captured Jerusalem, killing Jews along the way. The capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders on 15 July The Holy Sepulchre 2. The Dome of the Rock 3. Ramparts – wall around city

8 Why go? Poor had a long bad spell: drought, famine, and sickness
Some thought the crusade was an escape from these hardships. Also: weird sky signs beginning in meteor shower, northern lights, a lunar eclipse, and a comet – signs from God??? Pope promised some that sins would be wiped out & they would go to heaven

9 Results of Crusades Crusaders did not win back Holy Lands
BUT…survivors brought back new ideas: New maps New foods New medicines Desire for MORE Led to travel, trade, and Renaissance… and PLAGUE

10 Results of the Crusades Europeans…
Learned to draw better maps Learned to build better ships Saw new products Contributed to exploration & empire building

11 New Maps Before the Crusades After the Crusades

12 New Ships Before the Crusades After the Crusades

13 New Products Before the Crusades After the Crusades
Unflavored porridge, whole-grain stews, or unleavened bread, with a little bit of fish and eggs Clothes made of wool, linen fur, & leather Clothes made of wool, silk, linen , hemp, cotton, leather, & fur Spices: Pepper (very expensive!), cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg , ginger, saffron, cardamom, coriander, cumin, turmeric, mace fruits

14 Travel along the Silk Road
Traders traveled from Europe to the East for silk, spices, and new ideas. They battled tribes and hardships. The Italians controlled entry into Europe and grew rich.

15 Spread of the Plague along the Silk Road
Jews were burned alive during the Plague

16 1347 AD Plague reaches Europe
Caused by a germ that lives in some kinds of rats. Fleas bite the rats and get sick. Fleas bite people & people get sick. Killed 75 million people.

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