5Jerusalem: important to… JewsTemple MountWestern Wall – part of King Solomon’s TempleMuslimsDome of the RockTemple Mount – where the rock isChristiansChurch of the Holy SepulchreThe gold cost $15 millionThe rock Abraham almost sacrificed Isaac on & the place Muhammad ascended into Heaven fromWhere Jesus was crucified & buried
6Muslim TurksIslam spread far from its birthplace in the modern nation of Saudi Arabia.By AD 1095, Muslim territory included land where Jesus Christ lived.Christians in that time believed Christians, not Muslims, should control their holy lands.
7First CrusadeLed by Duke Godfrey who captured Jerusalem, killing Jews along the way.The capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders on 15 July The Holy Sepulchre 2. The Dome of the Rock3. Ramparts – wall around city
8Why go? Poor had a long bad spell: drought, famine, and sickness Some thought the crusade was an escape from these hardships.Also: weird sky signs beginning in meteor shower, northern lights, a lunar eclipse, and a comet – signs from God???Pope promised some that sins would be wiped out & they would go to heaven
9Results of Crusades Crusaders did not win back Holy Lands BUT…survivors brought back new ideas:New mapsNew foodsNew medicinesDesire for MORELed to travel, trade, and Renaissance… and PLAGUE
10Results of the Crusades Europeans… Learned to draw better mapsLearned to build better shipsSaw new productsContributed to exploration & empire building
13New Products Before the Crusades After the Crusades Unflavored porridge, whole-grain stews, or unleavened bread, with a little bit of fish and eggsClothes made of wool, linen fur, & leatherClothes made of wool, silk, linen , hemp, cotton, leather, & furSpices: Pepper (very expensive!), cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg , ginger, saffron, cardamom, coriander, cumin, turmeric, macefruits
14Travel along the Silk Road Traders traveled from Europe to the East for silk, spices, and new ideas.They battled tribes and hardships.The Italians controlled entry into Europe and grew rich.
15Spread of the Plague along the Silk Road Jews were burned alive during the Plague
161347 AD Plague reaches Europe Caused by a germ that lives in some kinds of rats.Fleas bite the rats and get sick.Fleas bite people & people get sick.Killed 75 million people.