2You have a quiz in 8 minutes (2:08) If you are not studying…I will give the quiz NOW!Some reminders!!!Saladin was the Muslim warrior who won Jerusalem during the CrusadesHenry IV was the Holy Roman EMPEROR who was Excommunicated over the lay investiture issue.Charlemagne was the Frankish ruler who united the Franks and created a huge empireGermanic invasions of the Roman Empire caused change in language, downfall of cities, disruption of trade, and decline in learningFeudalism in the Middle Ages was caused by invasions of the Vikings and other barbarian people.The Roman Catholic Church provided unification and stability during the Middle AgesThe goal of the MANOR was to be self sufficientGothic architecture was introduced in the middle ages.Fief is a piece of land.Manorialism was the economic system of the Middle Ages.Crusades resulted in trade between Europe and the Middle EastThe Crusades DID NOT achieve their goal BUT they did bring good changes to Europe.
3Warm-ups 1. What was the three-field crop rotation system? 2. In Europe, a long-term effect of the Crusades wasa. the strengthening of the feudal systemb. the adoption of Islamic religious practicesc. an increased demand for goods from the Eastd. increased European isolation3. The Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages in Europe can best be described as a church thata. favored separation from secular governmentsb. avoided involvement in social and educational mattersc. was a strong force that divided many peopled. was a stabilizing influence during a period of weak central governments
4Think Outside the Cathedral Agriculture, trade and finance made significant advancesTowns and cities grewContacts with the Muslim and Byzantine world spiked an interest in learning
5Agriculturally Speaking Expanding civilizations required an increased food supplyWarmer climate brought improved food production- they began to farm land in regions that were once too cold to grow crops.Switch to Horsepower (switch from Oxen to Horses which could plow three times as much land in a day as an ox)Villagers had more to eat. People live longer. Population Grows.
6Commercial Revolution The Commercial revolution: the expansion of trade and business in the late middle agesIncreased availability of goods and increase in trade equals rise in towns!Guilds- an organization of individuals in the same business or occupationworking to improve the economic and social conditions of its members.(Banking – merchants need large amounts of money to take with them and needed ways to exchange different types of currencies
7Trade and towns grow together People move from the villages to the towns and citiesIncrease in Trade = increase in townsStreets were narrow, filled with animals and waste (no sewers), most people never bathedWith more people moving into the cities, the feudal system lost it’s powerNo longer was everything produced on a self-sufficient manor.
8University System Not what we think of today Originally made up of men, not buildingsIt traditionally referred to a group of scholars meeting wherever they couldMost students goal was a job in government or the ChurchVernacular-everyday language of your homelandAllowed the every day/average person to read books and become educated
9Sum it up!How did guilds change the way business was conducted and products made?Why were changes in financial services needed?How did the Crusades contribute to the expansion of trade and learning?Name three ways society changed in the late middle ages?
10Warm Up! Why did trade increase in the late middle ages? What is a guild? And how did it change the ways businesses were run?Why was there a need for banking?People originally lived in the cities, than they moved to the countries (and practiced what?), now they are moving where?What is Vernacular? How did it impact society?
11The ConquerorWilliam duke of Normandy, invaded England in 1066 to claim his crown.William the ConquerorBrought Norman-French culture to EnglandBrought changes in the English language, shifts in the upper levels of society, and the church.
12Government It provided a check on royal power. the rulings of England’s royal judges formed a unified body of law that became known as common law.Government no longer ruled by the Church (canon law)Magna Carta- Great Charter signed by King John of EnglandGuaranteed certain basic political rights to the people and limited the king’s powerParliament- legislative group that makes laws in EnglandIt provided a check on royal power.
13Warm-ups 1. What was the three-field crop rotation system? 2. In Europe, a long-term effect of the Crusades wasa. the strengthening of the feudal systemb. the adoption of Islamic religious practicesc. an increased demand for goods from the Eastd. increased European isolation3. The Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages in Europe can best be described as a church thata. favored separation from secular governmentsb. avoided involvement in social and educational mattersc. was a strong force that divided many peopled. was a stabilizing influence during a period of weak central governments
14The Plague is Bubonic, B-u-b-o-n-i-c World HistoryChapter 14 sect 4
15Work in your Nystrom Atlas Video discovery.edu Intro to PlagueWork in your Nystrom AtlasVideo discovery.eduQuestions to think about while watchingWhere did the plague start?How was it spread?What city was most greatly impacted?
17The plague arrivesHistorians think that the plague arrived in England during the summer of During the following autumn it spread quickly through the Southwest. Few villages escaped. Churchyards were full of dead bodies.The plague spread through Europe as a result of contact with traders from Northern AsiaThe plague spread quickly during the winter of to the north of England. By 1350, nearly all of Britain was infected with the plague.At the end of 1350 nearly two and a half million people were dead! (approximately 1/3 of the population)
19Plague Facts Symptoms: Acral Necrosis- The striking black discoloration of skin and tissue, primarily on the extremities (hence why it’s called the ‘Black’ death). Acral necrosis occurs when blood supply is disrupted for prolonged periods, blackening and damaging the affected area and surrounding tissue.Extreme pain, which is usually caused by the decay or decomposer of the skin while the person is still aliveWithout treatment, the bubonic plague kills about two out of three infected humans within 4 days
21Medieval cure number 1The swellings should be softened with figs and cooked onions. The onions should be mixed with yeast and butter. Then open the swellings with a knife.
22Medieval cure number 2Take a live frog and put its belly on the plague sore. The frog will swell up and burst. Keep doing this with further frogs until they stop bursting. Some people say that a dried toad will do the job better.
23Mythical reasons for the Plague At this time people did not understand germs and how they are spread.Some believed the Jews had poisoned the wellsSome believed God was punishing them for living a sinful lifeDoctors at the University of Paris claimed that the plague was caused by the unfavorable alignment of certain planets.Others believed it was caused by “poisonous vapors”, released by disastrous earthquakes in Asia that had drifted over to Europe.
24Effects of the Plague in Europe Obviously populations fellPeasants will riot to demand higher wages, they will win because owners realize there is a shortage of workers.Jews were blamed for bringing on the plague. All over Europe, Jews were driven from their homes or, worse, massacred.The church suffered a loss of prestige when its prayers failed to stop the onslaught of the bubonic plague and priests abandoned their duties.
25Effects on people culturally More depictions of death and skeletons in artWriters wrote gruesome tales about it“ This scourage had implanted so great a terror in the hearts of men and women. The brothers abandoned brothers, uncles their nephews, sisters their brothers and in many cases wives deserted their husbands. But even worse…fathers and mothers refused to nurse and assist their own children”!- Giovanni Boccaccio
27Now for your enjoymentYoutube video Black plague- History teachers!
28Hundred Years’ War 1337-1453 Effects Causes Feeling of nationalism emerges (King thought of as national leader, fighting for glory of the country)Power and prestige of the French Monarch increasesMarks the end of the Middle agesCausesDispute over French territory claimed by English KingJoan of Arc- French teenage peasant girl who felt moved by God to rescue France from English Conquerors.Longbow and cannon weakened feudalism (longbow can penetrate armor)