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The Crusades, Mongols, and the Black Plague SOL WHI 12b, c.

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Presentation on theme: "The Crusades, Mongols, and the Black Plague SOL WHI 12b, c."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Crusades, Mongols, and the Black Plague SOL WHI 12b, c

2 Essential Questions What were the key events and effects of the Crusades? What were the effects of the Mongol invasions? What were the effects of the Ottoman invasions of Europe?

3 Crusades Christian knights tried to free Jerusalem from Muslim control Pope Urban called the 1 st Crusade at the Council of Clermont in st Crusade went to holy land in 1096

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6 Christian knights capture Jerusalem Crusader kingdoms established in holy land Jerusalem recaptured by Muslim general Saladin 1204 – Crusaders capture and sack Constantinople

7 Effects of Crusades Weakened the Pope and nobles; strengthened monarchs Stimulated trade throughout the Mediterranean area and the Middle East Left a legacy of bitterness among Christians, Jews, and Muslims Weakened the Byzantine Empire

8 Economic Effects of the Crusades Increased demand of Middle Eastern products such as spices Stimulated production of goods to trade in Middle Eastern markets Encouraged the use of credit and banking

9 The Mongols Nomadic people from Central Asia Unified by Genghis Khan in early 1200s Invaded and took over Russia, China, and Muslim states in Southwest Asia

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12 The Black Death (Plague) The Black Death was the bubonic plague that spread rapidly through Europe starting in the 1300s The Black Death killed one third of the population of Europe – more than 25 million people

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14 Impact of the Black Plague Population declineScarcity of laborTowns freed from feudal obligationsDecline of church influenceDisruption of trade

15 Fall of Constantinople The Byzantine Empire ended in 1453, when the Ottoman Turks took the capital of Constantinople Constantinople became the capital of the Ottoman Empire and they changed the name to Istanbul Muslims ruled all of Turkey and most of the Balkan Peninsula

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