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The Renaissance Began in Florence, Italy Began in Florence, Italy Approximately 1330- 1550 Approximately 1330- 1550.

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Presentation on theme: "The Renaissance Began in Florence, Italy Began in Florence, Italy Approximately 1330- 1550 Approximately 1330- 1550."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Renaissance Began in Florence, Italy Began in Florence, Italy Approximately Approximately

2 Renaissance “Renaissance” literally means, rebirth “Renaissance” literally means, rebirth It was a rebirth of Classical art, architecture, literature, philosophy, etc. It was a rebirth of Classical art, architecture, literature, philosophy, etc. Classic = Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek Classic = Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek

3 Petrarch 1378: Italian poet, Petrarch, was the first to indicate that he clearly felt he was living in a new age. 1378: Italian poet, Petrarch, was the first to indicate that he clearly felt he was living in a new age. This new age upheld the values of Greece and Rome, the only values worthy of man This new age upheld the values of Greece and Rome, the only values worthy of man

4 Vasari 1538: Giorgio Vasari was the first to assign the term Renaissance to this time period. 1538: Giorgio Vasari was the first to assign the term Renaissance to this time period. Wrote, Lives of the Artists Wrote, Lives of the Artists

5 Plague 1348: Black Death strikes Florence 1348: Black Death strikes Florence Bubonic Plague: swollen and inflamed lymph nodes in the armpits and groin Bubonic Plague: swollen and inflamed lymph nodes in the armpits and groin Carried by the fleas on rats Carried by the fleas on rats

6 Plague “Ring around the Rosie, Pocket full of posies Ashes, ashes We all fall down” - Refers to the plague and its symptoms Boccaccio lived through the plague: "The first signs of the plague were lumps in the groin or armpits. After this, livid black spots appeared on the arms and thighs and other parts of the body. Few recovered. Almost all died within three days, usually without any fever." Boccaccio lived through the plague: "The first signs of the plague were lumps in the groin or armpits. After this, livid black spots appeared on the arms and thighs and other parts of the body. Few recovered. Almost all died within three days, usually without any fever."

7 Plague Europeans trying to make up for the losses due to the plague Europeans trying to make up for the losses due to the plague General desire for happiness, achievement, fulfillment, and replenish population General desire for happiness, achievement, fulfillment, and replenish population

8 Passion for Knowledge 1450s: First Printing Press invented by Johannes Gutenberg 1450s: First Printing Press invented by Johannes Gutenberg Allowed the passionate search for knowledge to flourish Allowed the passionate search for knowledge to flourish

9 Passion for Knowledge The study of Humanities was stressed The study of Humanities was stressed Humanities = Grammar, rhetoric, visual arts, music, poetry, languages, history, religion, philosophy Humanities = Grammar, rhetoric, visual arts, music, poetry, languages, history, religion, philosophy Learning that has to do with human culture

10 Passion for Knowledge Greek language was reintroduced Greek language was reintroduced Renaissance thinkers fell in love with Greek philosophy all over again: Socrates, Aristotle, Plato Renaissance thinkers fell in love with Greek philosophy all over again: Socrates, Aristotle, Plato

11 Passion for Knowledge Socrates ( B.C.E.) Socrates ( B.C.E.) Deeply interested in the question, “How should one live?” and the condition of the soul Deeply interested in the question, “How should one live?” and the condition of the soul

12 Passion for Knowledge Plato ( B.C.E.) Plato ( B.C.E.) Believed that true knowledge can never be achieved through the senses because some concepts cannot be perceived through senses; truth is found in the world of ideas Believed that true knowledge can never be achieved through the senses because some concepts cannot be perceived through senses; truth is found in the world of ideas

13 Passion for Knowledge Aristotle ( B.C.E.) Aristotle ( B.C.E.) Plato’s most famous pupil. Plato’s most famous pupil. Disagreed with Plato: believed that knowledge came from experience and experimentation Disagreed with Plato: believed that knowledge came from experience and experimentation Very interested in making potential a reality Very interested in making potential a reality

14 Passion for Knowledge Vesalius: revolutionized medical practices Vesalius: revolutionized medical practices Relied upon experimentation (dissection) Relied upon experimentation (dissection) Replaced cauterization of wounds with ligature (Stitches) Replaced cauterization of wounds with ligature (Stitches)

15 Adventure Spirit of adventure + desire for achievement= conquer lands Spirit of adventure + desire for achievement= conquer lands Spain wished to retake lands lost to Muslims during Crusades - Reconquista Spain wished to retake lands lost to Muslims during Crusades - Reconquista Achieved in 1492 Achieved in 1492 Expelled 200,000 Jews from reunited territories Expelled 200,000 Jews from reunited territories

16 Adventure 1492: Spirit of adventure and achievement led to the founding of the Americas 1492: Spirit of adventure and achievement led to the founding of the Americas

17 Adventure Americas were discovered by accident Americas were discovered by accident Trying to find an all- water-route to India for trade Trying to find an all- water-route to India for trade Turkey had raised their taxes Turkey had raised their taxes

18 Adventure Christopher Columbus ( ) Christopher Columbus ( ) Born in Italy, moved to Portugal, sailed for Spain Born in Italy, moved to Portugal, sailed for Spain King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella funded his expedition King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella funded his expedition

19 Adventure Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Amerigo Vespucci, Ferdinand Magellan, Cortes, Pizarro: All exploring/conquering for the 3-Gs: Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Amerigo Vespucci, Ferdinand Magellan, Cortes, Pizarro: All exploring/conquering for the 3-Gs: God, Glory, Gold God, Glory, Gold

20 Adventure 1519: Hernan Cortes conquers Aztec empire (Yucatan Peninsula) 1519: Hernan Cortes conquers Aztec empire (Yucatan Peninsula)

21 Adventure 1529: Francisco Pizarro conquers Inca empire (Peru, Chile) - Shown: Machu Picchu 1529: Francisco Pizarro conquers Inca empire (Peru, Chile) - Shown: Machu Picchu

22 Crescent Moon & the Cross Crescent Moon: symbol of Islam Crescent Moon: symbol of Islam Cross: symbol of Christianity Cross: symbol of Christianity Common reference to the Crusades Common reference to the Crusades Over 10 Crusades Over 10 Crusades 1-4 Major 1st: Last: (Hussite Crusade)

23 Crescent Moon & the Cross 1300s: Presence of Ottoman Turks in the Middle East threatened Venice, Genoa 1300s: Presence of Ottoman Turks in the Middle East threatened Venice, Genoa

24 Crescent Moon & the Cross Byzantine Empire was sometimes called “The East Roman Empire” - inhabited by Greek-speaking Romans Byzantine Empire was sometimes called “The East Roman Empire” - inhabited by Greek-speaking Romans Capital: Constantinople (after Emperor Constantine the Great - C.E. 330) Capital: Constantinople (after Emperor Constantine the Great - C.E. 330)

25 Crescent Moon & the Cross 1453: Constantinople conquered by Ottoman Turks 1453: Constantinople conquered by Ottoman Turks Renamed Istanbul in 1930 Renamed Istanbul in 1930

26 Crescent Moon & the Cross Hagia Sofia (Church of Holy Wisdom): Started as Eastern Orthodox Church, became Mosque at the fall of Constantinople, now museum - Istanbul Hagia Sofia (Church of Holy Wisdom): Started as Eastern Orthodox Church, became Mosque at the fall of Constantinople, now museum - Istanbul

27 The Medici The Medici family was the most important family in Renaissance Florence The Medici family was the most important family in Renaissance Florence Family of Bankers, mafia- like (not overtly violent, but protective) Family of Bankers, mafia- like (not overtly violent, but protective) Funded many famous Renaissance artists Funded many famous Renaissance artists

28 The Medici Most powerful bank in all of Europe Most powerful bank in all of Europe Influential from 1200’s to 1600’s Influential from 1200’s to 1600’s Many assassination attempts on family members Many assassination attempts on family members

29 The Medici Most famous murder plot was the “Pazzi Conspiracy” Most famous murder plot was the “Pazzi Conspiracy” Pazzi family attacked Lorenzo & Giuliano in church on Easter Day, 1478 Giuliano was killed, Lorenzo escaped Giuliano was killed, Lorenzo escaped

30 Notable Medici Members Salvestro de' Medici (1331– 1388) dictator of Florence Salvestro de' Medici (1331– 1388) dictator of Florence Salvestro de' Medici Salvestro de' Medici Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici (1360–1429) restored the family fortune and made the Medici family the wealthiest in Europe Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici (1360–1429) restored the family fortune and made the Medici family the wealthiest in Europe Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici Cosimo the Elder (1389– 1464) founder of the Medici political dynasty Cosimo the Elder (1389– 1464) founder of the Medici political dynasty Cosimo the Elder Cosimo the Elder Lorenzo the Magnificent (1449–1492) leader of Florence during the Golden Age of the Renaissance Lorenzo the Magnificent (1449–1492) leader of Florence during the Golden Age of the Renaissance Lorenzo the Magnificent Lorenzo the Magnificent Giovanni de' Medici (1475– 1523) also known as Pope Leo X Giovanni de' Medici (1475– 1523) also known as Pope Leo X Giovanni de' Medici Giovanni de' Medici Giulio de' Medici (1478– 1534) also known as Pope Clement VII Giulio de' Medici Cosimo I the Great (1519– 1574) First Grand Duke of Tuscany who restored the Medici luster Cosimo I the Great Catherine de' Medici (1519– 1589) Queen of France Catherine de' Medici Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici (1535–1605) also known as Pope Leo XI Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici Marie de' Medici (1573– 1642) Queen and Regent of France Marie de' Medici Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici (1667–1743) the last of the Medici line Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici

31 Artists

32 Brunelleschi Il Duomo ( ) Il Duomo ( ) (the dome of Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore) (the dome of Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore)

33 Brunelleschi

34

35 Brunelleschi

36 Brunelleschi Looked to the Roman Pantheon for inspiration Looked to the Roman Pantheon for inspiration

37 Ghiberti Brunelleschi lost to Ghiberti for commission to complete the doors of Florentine Bapistry Brunelleschi lost to Ghiberti for commission to complete the doors of Florentine Bapistry Ghiberti’s Doors of Paradise Ghiberti’s Doors of Paradise

38 Ghiberti

39 Albrecht Durer (German) (German) Self Portrait at 22 Self Portrait at 22

40 Albrecht Durer Self Portrait at 26 Self Portrait at 26

41 Albrecht Durer Self Portrait at 28 Self Portrait at 28

42 Albrecht Durer Praying Hands Praying Hands

43 Albrecht Durer Young Hare (1502) Young Hare (1502) Water color Water color

44 Albrecht Durer Knight, Death, and the Devil (1513) Knight, Death, and the Devil (1513) Engraving on copper

45 Boticelli Primavera (1482) Primavera (1482)

46 Boticelli Birth of Venus (1483) Birth of Venus (1483)

47 Donatello David (1433)

48 Donatello Gattamelata (1445) Gattamelata (1445)

49 Donatello Mary Magdalene (1455) Mary Magdalene (1455)

50 Raphael School of Athens ( ) School of Athens ( )

51 Raphael Socrates Socrates Famous Greek philosopher

52 Raphael Euclid Euclid Greek mathematician “Father of Geometry”

53 Raphael Pythagoras Pythagoras Greek mathematician Greek mathematician Pythagorean theorem Pythagorean theorem “Father of Numbers” “Father of Numbers”

54 Raphael Ptolemy Ptolemy Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer

55 Raphael Strabo? Strabo? Greek historian and geographer Greek historian and geographer Galileo? Galileo? Renaissance astronomer Renaissance astronomer Castiglione? Castiglione? Renaissance author Renaissance author

56 Raphael Alexander the Great Alexander the Great

57 Raphael Diogenes of Sinope Diogenes of Sinope Famous philosophical beggar in Ancient Greece Famous philosophical beggar in Ancient Greece

58 Raphael Heraclitus Heraclitus Greek philosopher even before Socrates Image of Michelangelo Image of Michelangelo

59 Raphael Plato (left) Plato (left) Aristotle (right) Aristotle (right) Both holding their own books Both holding their own books Both gesturing their own beliefs Both gesturing their own beliefs (Plato looks like Da Vinci) (Plato looks like Da Vinci)

60 Raphael Raphael himself Raphael himself Looking at “camera” Seems to know a secret

61

62 Raphael School of Athens is actually 1 wall of a room of Raphael’s frescoes School of Athens is actually 1 wall of a room of Raphael’s frescoes In the Apostolic Palace in Vatican City In the Apostolic Palace in Vatican City

63 Raphael Triumph of Galatea (1513) Triumph of Galatea (1513)

64 Raphael

65 Raphael Sistine Madonna ( ) Sistine Madonna ( )

66 Michelangelo David ( ) David ( )

67 Michelangelo Sistine Chapel- Exterior Sistine Chapel- Exterior

68 Michelangelo Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel ( ) Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel ( )

69

70

71

72

73 Michelangelo The Last Judgment ( ) The Last Judgment ( )

74 Leonardo da Vinci Vinci is a town in Italy Vinci is a town in Italy No one knows his last name No one knows his last name Name literally means, Leonardo from Vinci Name literally means, Leonardo from Vinci

75 Leonardo da Vinci Leonardo was old enough to be Michelangelo’s father Leonardo was old enough to be Michelangelo’s father They hated each other They hated each other

76 Leonardo Mona Lisa ( ) Mona Lisa ( )

77 Leonardo Assumed that this is a self portrait (1513) Assumed that this is a self portrait (1513)

78 Leonardo The Last Supper ( ) The Last Supper ( )

79 Leonardo

80 Leonardo

81 Leonardo

82 Leonardo

83 Leonardo

84 Leonardo

85 Leonardo

86 Leonardo

87 Leonardo Vetruvian Man


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