Presentation on theme: "JEWISH TIMELINE. Abraham* SaraHagar Ismael* Isaac Rebekah Esau* Jacob RachelLeah *Ten children with Leah and concubines Judah- Descendants include David,"— Presentation transcript:
Abraham* SaraHagar Ismael* Isaac Rebekah Esau* Jacob RachelLeah *Ten children with Leah and concubines Judah- Descendants include David, and from there Jesus Levi – Descendants include Moses Joseph and Benjamin
c.1800 BCE – Abraham moves to Canaan forms a Covenant on behalf of humanity with God. ABRAHAM & THE COVENANT
Genesis 15:1 Some time later, the word of Yahweh came to Abram in a vision: 'Do not be afraid, Abram! I am your shield and shall give you a very great reward.'
Genesis 15:5 Then taking him outside, he said, 'Look up at the sky and count the stars if you can. Just so will your descendants be,' he told him.
ABRAHAM & THE COVENANT CONTINUED… Hebrews flee due to severe draught in Canaan & settle in Egypt. Hebrews eventually become slaves of the Egyptians
Significant Concepts Monotheism First religion in world to worship one God Chosen People Reciprocal agreement Humans Choose to love & honour God God Chooses humanity to be his defenders of creation Promised Land Hebrews will have a land where they can be fruitful and multiply
MOSES & THE LAW 1250 BCE – Moses encounters a burning bush, where Yahweh revealed His name to Moses Moses led the EXODUS out of Egypt
Exodus 3:1 Moses was looking after the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian. He led it to the far side of the desert and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.
Exodus 3:2 The angel of Yahweh appeared to him in a flaming blaze from the middle of a bush.
THE SEVENTH PLAGUE Exodus 9:25...and Yahweh thundered and rained down hail. All over Egypt the hail struck down everything in the fields, both man and beast... and broke all the trees in the fields.
Exodus 9:7 But Pharaoh was stubborn and did not let the people go.
Exodus 10:13-14 Yahweh sent an east wind which blew all that day and night. By morning the east wind had brought the locusts. No green was left on tree or plant in the fields anywhere in Egypt. THE EIGHTH PLAGUE
Exodus 10:20 But Yahweh made Pharaoh stubborn, and he did not let the Israelites go.
Exodus 12:33 The Egyptians urged the people on and hurried them out of the country because, they said, 'Otherwise we shall all be dead.'
Exodus 14:5 When Pharaoh king of Egypt was told that the people had fled, he and his officials changed their attitude towards the people. 'What have we done,' they said, 'allowing Israel to leave our service?'
Exodus 14:8-9 Yahweh made Pharaoh stubborn, and he gave chase to the Israelites, and caught up with them.
Exodus 14:10 The Israelites were terrified and called out to Yahweh for help.
MOSES & THE LAW CONTINUED… 1210 BCE – After 40 years of wandering, Hebrews arrive in Canaan. Moses dies before entering. Think of words you would use to describe God… ¤
JUDGES, KINGS & PROPHETS 1050 BCE – Hebrews form Confederation of Tribes under the great Kings; Saul, David & Solomon David establishes Jerusalem as the capital Solomon builds the Great Temple at Jerusalem (centre of Jewish faith now) 921 BCE – Solomon dies, line of Kings end Canaan becomes divided: N = Israel (10 Tribes) S = Judah (2 Tribes)
Judges, Kings & Prophets Continued…. 722 BCE – Assyrians conquer Israel, Hebrews exiled 586 BCE – Babylonians conquer Judah, Hebrew exile to Babylon, Great Temple is destroyed! The era of “portable Judaism” begins with the creation of Synagogues & Rabbis
Judges, Kings & Prophets Continued…. 536 – Persians conquer Babylonia. Judeans allowed back to Judah. Hebrews now referred to as “Jews” 515 BCE – The Great Temple is rebuilt. The first 5 books of scripture (Torah) are complete.
Contributions of the Prophets Prophets are those who reminded Jews of their promise (COVENANT) with God. Major contributions of the Prophets: Second Isaiah proclaims a deity of all time and all people Hosea proclaims God as loving & compassionate, not jealous or vengeful A final apocalypse of Good vs. Evil A Messiah to Come!
RABBINIC PERIOD c. 330’s BCE – Alexander the Great conquers most of the world. Antiochus IV runs Jerusalem. He has a hatred of Jews. Antiochus bans Jewish worship and takes over the Temple. Age of Hellenism (Greek thought & culture) flourishes. As a result, Hebrew bible is translated into Greek Sectarian development in Judaism. Groups such as the Sadducees, Pharisees, Zealots, Essenes, etc…formed
SECTDESCRIPTIONS Sadduccees* Represented the aristocracy and wealthy people. * Read the TORAH literally Pharisees* Represented the common people * Allowed for broad interpretation of the Torah * Associated with synagogue worship Zealots* Complete following of the Torah * Distain for non-Jews Essenes* Equivalent to Priests Samaritans* Keepers of the Law / Truth
Rabbinic Period Continued… 168-165 BCE – Maccabean Rebellion. Maccabees hold out in the Temple and reclaim it. Celebrated in Hanukkah 63 BCE – Rome conquers the region. Establish governors to rule the land on behalf of Rome 70 CE – Rome sacks Jerusalem. The Temple is destroyed for the final time. Focus of worship now changes to Synagogue & Rabbis Commentaries on the Torah are compiled and called the TALMUD
MEDIEVAL & MODERN JUDAISM Diaspora in full effect. Jews now leaving Jerusalem (mainly Europe) 209 -1945 CE – Period of anti-Semitism in Europe 1900 CE – Zionist movement (desire for Jewish homeland) gains strength 1948 – State of Israel born out of Palestine. Instigated the problems which exist to this day.