Presentation on theme: " How many people do you think lived in all of Europe in the year 1200? A) 5 million B) 10 million – the size of NYC today C) 75 million D) 100."— Presentation transcript:
How many people do you think lived in all of Europe in the year 1200? A) 5 million B) 10 million – the size of NYC today C) 75 million D) 100 million E) 300 million – the size of the USA today
Population in all of Europe was about 75 million What enabled people to move into towns? What were conditions in towns?
What did you notice about the Activty? Why was it harder and harder to stay alive? Why would a MEDIEVAL person think this was happening?
What do you see here? How might this person have died? What are the people in the middle doing?
In your notebooks describe an event that you belief has changed the way you live and explain how that event changed your life.
3 major events happened during this time period that changed Europe forever The Magna Carta The Black Death 100 years war
1300s and 1400s in Europe = 25 million dead
Bubonic plague = a disease spread by fleas on rats “bubo” or enlarged lymphatic gland Rats and humans serve as host for disease
How harsh was the plague? Did most people who got the plague survive or succumb? Was recovery even possible? Which particular groups (priests, doctors, merchants, urban versus rural population, for example) or classes of people (working class, craftsmen, ruling class, for example), if any, were affected by the plague or was it an indiscriminate killer?
SYMPTOMS: enlarged and inflamed lymph nodes (around arm pits, neck and groin) headaches nausea aching joints fever of 101-105 degrees vomiting SIGNS: Septi-cemic Form: almost 100% mortality rate. Bulbous
Medieval Art & the Plague Bring out your dead!
Boccaccio in The Decameron The victims ate lunch with their friends and dinner with their ancestors.
burned all manner of incense: *juniper, laurel, pine, beech, lemon leaves, rosemary, camphor and sulfur handkerchiefs dipped in aromatic oils = cover faces in public cure of sound =rang church bells, set off cannons
rosy Ring a-round the rosy Pocket full of posies Ashes, ashes! We all fall down!
1. rosary beads give you God's help 2. used to stop the odor of rotting bodies, used widely by doctors to protect them from the infected plague patients 3. the church burned the dead when burying them became to laborious DEAD!!!!! 4. DEAD!!!!!
exposure to public nudity, craziness, and (obviously) abundant death was premature. parents even abandoned their children, leaving them to the streets children children = especially unlucky if they were female…baby girls would be left to die WHY?????
A Little Macabre Ditty “A sickly season,” the merchant said, “The town I left was filled with dead, and everywhere these queer red flies crawled upon the corpses’ eyes, eating them away.” “Fair make you sick,” the merchant said, “They crawled upon the wine and bread. Pale priests with oil and books, bulging eyes and crazy looks, dropping like the flies.”
A Little Macabre Ditty (2) “I had to laugh,” the merchant said, “The doctors purged, and dosed, and bled; “And proved through solemn disputation “The cause lay in some constellation. “Then they began to die.” “First they sneezed,” the merchant said, “And then they turned the brightest red, Begged for water, then fell back. With bulging eyes and face turned black, they waited for the flies.”
A Little Macabre Ditty (3) “I came away,” the merchant said, “You can’t do business with the dead. “So I’ve come here to ply my trade. “You’ll find this to be a fine brocade…” And then he sneezed…....!
The Mortality Rate 35% - 70% 25,000,000 dead !!!
What were the political, economic, and social effects of the Black Death??
Merchants died causing trade to significantly decline and in turn raised prices Workers and employers also die, production declines, prices continue to rise. This all led to peasant revolts because their wages are no longer sufficient to live off of. The Jewish population was blamed for the plague and in some cases they were slaughtered because of it. Church’s power was significantly weakened.