Presentation on theme: "Beginnings– The ‘Old World’ Colonization of the ‘New World’"— Presentation transcript:
1 Beginnings– The ‘Old World’ Colonization of the ‘New World’
2 I. Two WorldsBefore Columbus, the peoples of the Eastern and Western Hemispheres were unaware of each otherPre-1492 world map made in Europe
3 People had originally spread from Asia to the Americas across a land bridge, which had long since been covered up by a post-ice age rise in sea level
4 These places are often referred to as the ‘Old World’ = Europe, Africa, and Asia‘New World’ = the Americas(no one cares about Australia… just forget it!)
5 II. Two Worlds CollideAfter the fall of the Roman Empire (in the 5th century AD, but you don’t have to know this) Europe experienced a period of relative backwardnessthink Middle Ages, Black Plague, castles, etc.Then, in the 14th century (1300s), Europe experienced a RenaissanceRebirth of cultureIn other words, because of a boom in trade and wealth, Europeans began to advance culturally (art, architecture, science, etc.)
7 You already know this Columbus, Magellan, De Gama, etc. One important part of this cultural explosion was the Age of ExplorationYou already know this Columbus, Magellan, De Gama, etc.Europeans rediscovered the New WorldIn fact, the name ‘New World’ was a European term meant to show that these two new continents were new to them
8 European powers competed to grab as much of the new land as possible The Native American inhabitants were helpful- they agreed to have very low immunities to European diseases and to die off, leaving the land free to be conqueredThe Native American plagues killed 90% of the native population of the New World at least twice as devastating as the black plague in Europe.Immunities story (if time)
9 Successful colonists were the Spanish, French, English, and Portuguese How could you have guessed these countries?Germans, Poles, Swedes, Italians… not so much
10 III. Life in European-controlled America Scramble for wealthSome countries yielded immediate sources of wealthGold, Silver, etc.Others had slower, longer-term wealthFarming, timber, etc.The original 13 American colonies, controlled by Britain, were in the latter category (no gold/silver)
11 Willing ColonizationMany of the Europeans who came to the Americas were social outcastse.g., the poor or those who wanted to practice unaccepted religionsThink about it if you are a wealthy person in Europe, you don’t leave to go to a frontier with hostile Indians and few modern luxuries
12 Unwilling Colonization Slavery Not a ton of slavery in Europealready crowdedplenty of people willing to work for cheapno need for slavesNew World means land on an unimaginable scaleIntense need for workers to do crappy jobs clearing land, picking cotton, pulling weeds, etc.
13 African slaves Why Africans? The Middle Passage Native Americans have died offEuropeans have trouble dealing with malaria which exists in most farmable areas; Africans have much stronger immunitiesThe Middle PassageHarsh and terrible transportation of Africans to the New WorldMillions of Africans brought may have a tiny bit of importance to later American history
15 IV. Who is in Charge in the New World: Europeans or their Colonists? Europeans own the coloniesHowever, it is often impractical for decisions about colonial issues to be made in Europe. Why?6 week voyage across the oceanBritish colonists in American colonies already have an independent streak. That’s what caused them to move to the New WorldBritish colonists develop a tradition of independence and local authority, despite being officially ruled by Britain
16 There is a quiz to test comprehension of this lecture in the tests file.
17 Hansen. Name _____________________ U. S. History. Period _________ Hansen Name _____________________ U.S. History Period _________ Beginnings- The ‘Old World’ Colonization of the ‘New World’ Note-Taking GuideI. Two WorldsBefore Columbus …People had originally spread to the Americas from Asia…“Old World” v “New World”II. Two Worlds CollideAfter the fall of the Roman Empire…Then, in the 14th century, Europe experienced a Renaissance...One important part of this cultural explosion was …European powers competed to grab as much of the new land as possible.Successful colonists…
18 I. Life in European-Controlled America Scramble for wealth…Willing Colonization…Unwilling colonization…(cont.)IV. Who is in charge of the New World- Europeans or their colonists?