Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

431 BC- 404 BC. Causes  Many Greek cities resented Athens’ domination of the Delian League  Some revolted against Athens  Sparta and Athens were long.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "431 BC- 404 BC. Causes  Many Greek cities resented Athens’ domination of the Delian League  Some revolted against Athens  Sparta and Athens were long."— Presentation transcript:

1 431 BC- 404 BC

2 Causes  Many Greek cities resented Athens’ domination of the Delian League  Some revolted against Athens  Sparta and Athens were long time rivals  Sparta led the Peloponnesian League to oppose the Delian League

3 Athens strategy  Naval power  Surround Sparta by sea  Prevent food and supplies from reaching Peloponnesian League

4 Sparta Strategy  Sparta had a strong army  Surround Athens and prevent it from raising food around the city  Did not have a navy until the end of the War

5

6 Stalemate  For much of the war, neither side could gain the upper hand over the other  With a few short period of peace in between, it lasted 30 years

7 Plague  Athens was severely weakened when a plague broke out  It killed almost 1/3 of the population including Pericles, Athens’ able leader

8 Syracuse Expedition  The Athenians made a huge mistake in 416 BC, they invaded Sicily to conquer Sparta’s ally, Syracuse.  They hoped to destroy the Spartan’s food supply  They were surrounded and annihilated

9 The war ends  Syracuse weakened the Athenians, but they held out for over 10 more years  The Spartans finally conquered Athens in 404  Athens had to give up its navy and empire  Athens had to follow Spartan foreign policy

10 Aftermath  Athens was the strongest, now Sparta  Much of Greece lie in ruin  Greece was severely weakened economically and militarily  Greek culture slowed

11 Thucydides  Father of scientific history because of standards for evidence collecting  History of the Peloponnesian War


Download ppt "431 BC- 404 BC. Causes  Many Greek cities resented Athens’ domination of the Delian League  Some revolted against Athens  Sparta and Athens were long."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google