Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Medicine in the Middle Ages. The more I study the more I know. The more I know the more I forget. The more I forget the less I know, so why study?

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Medicine in the Middle Ages. The more I study the more I know. The more I know the more I forget. The more I forget the less I know, so why study?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Medicine in the Middle Ages

2 The more I study the more I know. The more I know the more I forget. The more I forget the less I know, so why study?

3 Introduction Middle Ages 476 – 1492 Historical events are not interrupted

4 Historical cross section Early Middle Ages 476 – Muhammad flees to Medina 731 Arabs defeated by Poitiers 800 Charlemagne 925 Tomislav first Croatian king 956 Otto the great German emperornjemački car High Middle Ages 1001 – Bologna University 1089 Death of King Zvonimir 1099 First crusade 1223 Franciscans 1295 Marco Polo Late Middle Ages 1301 – Dante’s Divine comedy 1337 Hundred years war 1453 Turks conquered Constantinopolis 1492 Discovery of the Americas 1493 Battle of Krbava

5 Historical cross section Early Middle Ages 476 – 1000 High Middle Ages 1001 – 1300 Late Middle Ages 1301 – 1492

6 Body representation Myron - Discobolos

7 Body representation Phidias – Athena Parthenos

8 Body representation Nike of Samothrace

9 Body representation Laocoön and His Sons

10 Body representation

11 Byzantine medicine It continued the Greek and Roman medicine Christian State Hospitals Oribasius - Collectiones 70 books Paul of Aegina – Medical Compendium in Seven Book Bridge towards the Arab medicine

12 Saints Cosmas and Damian Arabian twins – Christians Anargyroi Murdered in Diocletianic Persecution Incubation – emperor Justinian was cured in their temple in Constantinopolis Patrons of medicine and pharmacy Leg transplantation

13 Contemptus mundi Contempt of the world Material became opposite to spiritual The core of body’s malignancy is the sexual instinct Even sexuality in marriage was condemned

14 Hygiene Lack of hygiene Bath – only on holidays Aphides Aqueduct and sewer system nonexistant

15 Housing Intimacy- unknown Everyone slept in one room Urin and feces are collected during the day – and thrown through the window

16 Nutrition and diseases Chronic malnutrition Child mortality was very high Black death Disease was considered as the God’s punishment Flagellants i Saint Vitus Dance

17 Monasteries Order of Saint Benedict, Order of Saint John, Franciscans Herbalism Hildegard of Bingen – epilepsy – several books about medicine Trotula of Salerno - Regimen sanitatis

18 Salerno school Salerno - south Italy Organized medical school Epic “Regimen sanitatis” Napoleon abolished it

19 Arabic medicine Bagdad – East Cordoba - West In 11th century Bagdad had 60 hospitals Razi - original Perzian medicine Avicenna (Abū Alī al-Husayn ibn Abdullāh ibn Sīnā) The Canon of Medicine

20 Plague Causative agent - BACTERIUM Yersinia pestis Primarily carried by rodents Spread to humans via fleas – Xenopsilla cheopis

21 Plague – types Bubonic plague Septicemic plague Pneumonic plague Pestis minor

22 Plague - historical dynamics 5 th century b.C. plague of Pericles 6 th century – plague of Justinian 1347 – Black Death Rijeka

23 Plague - the black death 1347 – 1353 Europe – mil. dead (30-40%) quarantine in Dubrovnik Traces is arts Invocation of patron saints

24 Saint Roch Legend – an angel has taken care of his wounds Bubo on groin

25 Plague risk factors Towns Lack of hygiene Summer Black rat Turks

26 Plague - treatment -perfuming cloths -burning brimstone (sulphur) -boiling vinegar -avoiding beggars


Download ppt "Medicine in the Middle Ages. The more I study the more I know. The more I know the more I forget. The more I forget the less I know, so why study?"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google