The more I study the more I know. The more I know the more I forget. The more I forget the less I know, so why study?
Introduction Middle Ages 476 – 1492 Historical events are not interrupted
Historical cross section Early Middle Ages 476 – 1000 622 Muhammad flees to Medina 731 Arabs defeated by Poitiers 800 Charlemagne 925 Tomislav first Croatian king 956 Otto the great German emperornjemački car High Middle Ages 1001 – 1300 1088 Bologna University 1089 Death of King Zvonimir 1099 First crusade 1223 Franciscans 1295 Marco Polo Late Middle Ages 1301 – 1492 1310 Dante’s Divine comedy 1337 Hundred years war 1453 Turks conquered Constantinopolis 1492 Discovery of the Americas 1493 Battle of Krbava
Historical cross section Early Middle Ages 476 – 1000 High Middle Ages 1001 – 1300 Late Middle Ages 1301 – 1492
Byzantine medicine It continued the Greek and Roman medicine Christian State Hospitals Oribasius - Collectiones 70 books Paul of Aegina – Medical Compendium in Seven Book Bridge towards the Arab medicine
Saints Cosmas and Damian Arabian twins – Christians Anargyroi Murdered in Diocletianic Persecution Incubation – emperor Justinian was cured in their temple in Constantinopolis Patrons of medicine and pharmacy Leg transplantation
Contemptus mundi Contempt of the world Material became opposite to spiritual The core of body’s malignancy is the sexual instinct Even sexuality in marriage was condemned
Hygiene Lack of hygiene Bath – only on holidays Aphides Aqueduct and sewer system nonexistant
Housing Intimacy- unknown Everyone slept in one room Urin and feces are collected during the day – and thrown through the window
Nutrition and diseases Chronic malnutrition Child mortality was very high 1347. Black death Disease was considered as the God’s punishment Flagellants i Saint Vitus Dance
Monasteries Order of Saint Benedict, Order of Saint John, Franciscans Herbalism Hildegard of Bingen – epilepsy – several books about medicine Trotula of Salerno - Regimen sanitatis
Salerno school Salerno - south Italy Organized medical school Epic “Regimen sanitatis” Napoleon abolished it
Arabic medicine Bagdad – East Cordoba - West In 11th century Bagdad had 60 hospitals Razi - original Perzian medicine Avicenna (Abū Alī al-Husayn ibn Abdullāh ibn Sīnā) The Canon of Medicine
Plague Causative agent - BACTERIUM Yersinia pestis Primarily carried by rodents Spread to humans via fleas – Xenopsilla cheopis
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