Presentation on theme: "Warm-Up: Spiral Page 8 The Middle Ages in Europe"— Presentation transcript:
1 Warm-Up: Spiral Page 8 The Middle Ages in Europe What was the impact of the fall of Rome on Europe?Barbarians invade the Roman EmpireA period of chaos and turmoil follow the fall of RomeEastern Rome becomes the Byzantine EmpireFeudalism begins
5 Europe After the Fall of the Roman Empire Eastern Rome:Empire continued as the Byzantine Empire for a 1,000 yearsEastern OrthodoxWestern Rome:Period of chaos, turmoil, violenceDifferent tribes set up separate kingdomsOutside invasionsDecline of cities and learningRoman Catholicism
6 The Byzantine EmpireEmperor Constantine moved the capital to ConstantinopleUnited by Christianity: Eastern OrthodoxyGreatest Achievement: Code of JustinianRoman laws organized into a single law code
7 Effects of the invasions: Middle Ages (476 A.D. to 1400s)Period of history after the fall of Rome in Western EuropeThe period between ancient and modern times = “middle”Germanic tribes invaded Western Rome“Barbarians” = anyone who came from a foreign, non-Roman culture; uncivilizedEffects of the invasions:Disruption of tradeTravel unsafe due to violenceCities and town abandonedLearning decreasedLife became rural and unsafe
8 The Reign of Charlemagne: Reunited Western EuropeGreatest Empire since RomeCharlemagne crowned “Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire” by the popeHistoric: Signified the new political and religious unity of Western Europe
9 Feudalism A system of exchanging land for loyalty and service. Why feudalism?Protection from violenceProvide for basic economic needsHelped survive the breakdown of central government and orderCharacteristics of Feudalism:SocialPoliticalEconomic
10 Feudalism: Social Characteristics Kings give land to lords in exchange for military serviceLords (nobles) give land to knights in exchange for loyaltyPeasants (serfs) farmed and received protection
11 CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER KINGLOYALTY ANDSERVICELANDPOWERFULNOBLES (LORDS)LOYALTY ANDMILITARY SERVICELAND ANDPROTECTIONLESSER NOBLES(KNIGHTS)LABORPROTECTIONSERFS AND FREEMEN
15 Interactive Notebook Activity: Medieval Manor On the paper provided draw your own medieval self-sufficient manor system. (Textbook pg. 326) And color!
16 Warm-Up: Spiral page 9 The Age of Faith What was the one unifying and common factor in medieval Europe?ChristianityWhy?
17 Reasons for the Church’s Power: The Role of Faith:People very religiousChurch represented GodHad the power to send a person to Heaven or HellUnited by common faithPower and Wealth:Nobles left land to the ChurchChurch became Europe’s largest landownerTithes: church taxes
18 Learning and Art Church was the center of learning Church officials only ones who could read and writeSt. Augustine and St. Thomas AquinasPromoted Christian faith and teachingsNew art style: GothicPointed arches, high spires, stained glass windowsThe relationship between lords and vassals made up a big part of the political and social structure of the feudal system.Based on ties of loyalty and duty among noblesNobles were both lords and vassalsTies were made official by the “act of homage”Fiefs were given to vassals by lordsLords gave vassals the right to govern the people who lived on their fiefsLords promised to give protection to the vassalsBreaking the feudal contract could mean loss of landVassals had certain duties to perform for the lord.Helped the lord in battleParticipated personally in military service 40 – 60 days a yearGave money when the lord’s daughters married and when sons were knightedPaid the lord’s ransom or took his place if he was capturedAttended the lord’s courtProvided food and entertainment when the lord visitedAll nobles were ultimately vassals of the king.Nobles provided the king with knights to form an army for defense and conquestBecause of this, the real power belonged to the nobles.
19 Christianity Comparison: Roman Catholicism:Practiced in Western EuropeServices in LatinPope authority over bishopsPope authority over kings and emperorsPriests may not marryDivorce is not permittedEastern Orthodoxy:Began in Byzantine EmpireServices in GreekPatriarch over bishopsEmperor authority over patriarch and bishopsPriests can marryDivorce allowed
20 Magna Carta Signed by King John in 1215 Developed the ideas of liberty and limited self-governmentLimited the powers of the kingGuaranteed a trial by jury and new taxes to be approved
22 Christian Europeans challenged Muslims for control of the Holy Land CrusadesChristian Europeans challenged Muslims for control of the Holy LandEffects of the Crusades:Introduced Europeans to new goods and ideas from the Middle EastIncreased tradeAlmost all nobles were knightsSociety made up of three groups – nobles, clergy and peasantsand townspeopleKnight’s training:Began at age 7 as a pageUnder guidance of the lady of the manor- Taught courtly manners, sometimes reading, music, dancing – allthe necessities of a noble- Ran errands and served her in returnAlso began serving the knights performing simple tasksBecame a squire at age 15 and placed under guidance of a knight- Taught the skills of knighthood, especially horsemanship and combat skills.- Followed knight into battle and helped him if he was wounded or fell off his horseIf proven to be a good fighter he was rewarded by being made a knight- Special ceremony known as dubbingKnights were expected to follow certain rules known as the code of chivalryKnights trained for war by fighting each other in tournamentsMost popular form of entertainment during the Middle AgesPopular event was joust
24 Interactive Notebook Activity: Create a Help Wanted Ad for a Knight in the CrusadesFrom the perspective of someone who needs the services of a knight.Must include:Reasons to joinDuties/ResponsibilitiesRewardsPictures/Color**Use textbook pgs
25 Warm-Up: Spiral pg.10 End of the Middle Ages “In the year 1348 there was a great plague in the city of Florence. It was of such a fury that in houses in which it took hold healthy servants who took care of the ill died. Almost none of the ill survived past the fourth day. Neither physicians nor medicines were effective. There seemed to be no cure. There was such a fear that no one seemed to know what to do. When it took hold in a house it often happened that no one remained who had not died. And it was not just that men and women died, but even animals died. At every church, they dug deep trenches, down to the waterline, depending on how large the parish was. And those who were responsible for the dead carried them on their back in the night and threw them into the ditch, or else they paid a high price to those who would do it for them.”READ THE PARAGRAPH ABOVE…
26 Warm-Up What event is being described in the paragraph? How do you think this is going to affect Europe?
27 Notes: Graphic Organizer Create the graphic organizer below in your spiral under the warm-up. As we go, complete the graphic organizer describing the role played by each in bringing about an end to the Middle Ages.END OF THE MIDDLE AGESThe CrusadesThe Black DeathThe Great SchismThe Hundred Years’ War
28 End of the Middle Ages Effect of the Crusades on the Middle Ages: New trade led to growth of towns, the development of a middle class, and the greater use of money.Instead of services, people paid with money
29 End of the Middle Ages Effects of the Black Death: Killed 1/3 of Europe’s population (25 million)Created a labor shortage in EuropeFeudal System endedOffered freedom and money for workFaith in the Church decreased
30 The Black Plague through song… Fleas on Rats Brain Break:The Black Plague through song…Fleas on Rats
31 End of the Middle Ages The Hundred Years’ War England vs. France over the French throneEffects:King’s created their own armiesNew weaponsLong bow, cannon, gunpowderGreater feelings of nationalism
32 End of the Middle Ages The Great Schism Split within the Catholic church between the Italian and French popesEffects:Greatly weakened the Church’s authority
33 Interactive Notebook Activity The Black PlagueUsing textbook pages , Create a WARNING SIGN for the Bubonic Plague. Your sign should be a warning to people describing the plague. Include the Following on Your Warning Sign:Causes of the PlagueWhere the Plague originated (came from)Effects of the Plague (symptoms)Death TollsPrecautions (things you can do to avoid the plague)One picture