2Introduction: Plague has been occured since the ancient world Already mentioned by: HomerThukydidesVergiliusPlague is also mentioned in the Bible.
3Plague is called black death because of characteristic black spots, which appear on the skin of affected people
4Plague – specific infection Affects mainly wild living rodents and other small mammalsTransmitted by parasites ( mainly by fleas)
5Three forms of Black Death BubonicPneumonicSepticemicEach different form killed people in a vicious way.What the plague affects:
6The bubonic plague Most commonly seen form of the Black death Mortality rate: 30-75%Symptoms: enlarged and inflamed lymph nodes (around arm pits, neck and groin)Headaches, nausea, aching joints, fever, vomitingSymptoms took from 1-7 days
7The pneumonic plague Second most commonly seen form Mortality rate: 90-95%The penumonic plague infected the lungsSymptoms: slimy sputum tinted with blood ( sputum is saliva mixed with mucus exerted from the respiratory system)Symptoms took 1-7 days to appear
8The septicemic plague The most rare form of all Mortality was close to 100%
10European outbreak Infection spread to the Europe from West Asia October 1347 Messina1347 Genoa, VeniceFrom Italy to: France, Spain, Portugal and England ( by June 1348), Germany, Scandinavia and finally to north-western Russia in1351
15Effects- population loss In Europe 20 to 25 million people ( one third of population)England lost almost one million people
16Economic changesValuable artisan skills disappeared when large numbers of the working class diedThose who had skills became even more valuable than the rich peopleThe poor demand more moneyEnd of serfdomMore comfortable life for peasants – enough money for better houses
17The Effect on Music and Art People‘s attitudes towards music and art changed as they began to see the depression surrounding them
18World Distribution of Plague Central Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia,part of China, south-west and south-east AsiaEast Africa, MadagaskarAndes and Brasil in South America, North America
19Occurence of illness in last years ( source WHO) WHENWHEREHOW MANYHOW MANY DIED2001Zambia2132002India1942003Malawi71??2004Algeria1012005Congo13057
20Nowadays plague doesn‘t represent such danger as in the Middle Ages Nowadays plague doesn‘t represent such danger as in the Middle Ages. It is quite quickly and reliably curable with strong antibiotics.