Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Black Death Iva Vaňkátová 1. mcr. Introduction: Plague has been occured since the ancient world Plague has been occured since the ancient world Already.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Black Death Iva Vaňkátová 1. mcr. Introduction: Plague has been occured since the ancient world Plague has been occured since the ancient world Already."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Black Death Iva Vaňkátová 1. mcr

2 Introduction: Plague has been occured since the ancient world Plague has been occured since the ancient world Already mentioned by: Homer Already mentioned by: Homer Thukydides Thukydides Vergilius Vergilius Plague is also mentioned in the Bible.

3 Plague is called black death because of characteristic black spots, which appear on the skin of affected people Plague is called black death because of characteristic black spots, which appear on the skin of affected people

4 Plague – specific infection Plague – specific infection Affects mainly wild living rodents and other small mammals Affects mainly wild living rodents and other small mammals Transmitted by parasites ( mainly by fleas) Transmitted by parasites ( mainly by fleas)

5 Three forms of Black Death Bubonic Bubonic Pneumonic Pneumonic Septicemic Septicemic Each different form killed people in a vicious way. What the plague affects:

6 The bubonic plague Most commonly seen form of the Black death Most commonly seen form of the Black death Mortality rate: 30-75% Mortality rate: 30-75% Symptoms: enlarged and inflamed lymph nodes (around arm pits, neck and groin) Symptoms: enlarged and inflamed lymph nodes (around arm pits, neck and groin) Headaches, nausea, aching joints, fever, vomiting Headaches, nausea, aching joints, fever, vomiting Symptoms took from 1-7 days Symptoms took from 1-7 days

7 The pneumonic plague Second most commonly seen form Second most commonly seen form Mortality rate: 90-95% Mortality rate: 90-95% The penumonic plague infected the lungs The penumonic plague infected the lungs Symptoms: slimy sputum tinted with blood ( sputum is saliva mixed with mucus exerted from the respiratory system) Symptoms: slimy sputum tinted with blood ( sputum is saliva mixed with mucus exerted from the respiratory system) Symptoms took 1-7 days to appear Symptoms took 1-7 days to appear

8 The septicemic plague The most rare form of all The most rare form of all Mortality was close to 100% Mortality was close to 100%

9 How it was transmitted

10 European outbreak Infection spread to the Europe from West Asia Infection spread to the Europe from West Asia October 1347 Messina October 1347 Messina 1347 Genoa, Venice 1347 Genoa, Venice From Italy to: France, Spain, Portugal and England ( by June 1348), Germany, Scandinavia and finally to north- western Russia in1351 From Italy to: France, Spain, Portugal and England ( by June 1348), Germany, Scandinavia and finally to north- western Russia in1351

11

12 People burnt clothes of the dead to avoid spreading the infection People burnt clothes of the dead to avoid spreading the infection

13 The absence of hygiene was one of the reasons why the infection spread so fast The absence of hygiene was one of the reasons why the infection spread so fast

14 How the doctors protected themselves

15 Effects- population loss In Europe 20 to 25 million people ( one third of population) In Europe 20 to 25 million people ( one third of population) England lost almost one million people England lost almost one million people

16 Economic changes Valuable artisan skills disappeared when large numbers of the working class died Valuable artisan skills disappeared when large numbers of the working class died Those who had skills became even more valuable than the rich people Those who had skills became even more valuable than the rich people The poor demand more money The poor demand more money End of serfdom End of serfdom More comfortable life for peasants – enough money for better houses More comfortable life for peasants – enough money for better houses

17 The Effect on Music and Art People‘s attitudes towards music and art changed as they began to see the depression surrounding them People‘s attitudes towards music and art changed as they began to see the depression surrounding them

18 World Distribution of Plague Central Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia,part of China, south-west and south-east Asia Central Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia,part of China, south-west and south-east Asia East Africa, Madagaskar East Africa, Madagaskar Andes and Brasil in South America, North America Andes and Brasil in South America, North America

19 Occurence of illness in last years ( source WHO) WHENWHERE HOW MANY HOW MANY DIED 2001Zambia213 2002India194 2003Malawi71?? 2004Algeria101 2005Congo13057

20 Nowadays plague doesn‘t represent such danger as in the Middle Ages. It is quite quickly and reliably curable with strong antibiotics. Nowadays plague doesn‘t represent such danger as in the Middle Ages. It is quite quickly and reliably curable with strong antibiotics.

21 Vocabulary Bubonic- dýmějový Bubonic- dýmějový Depiction – zobrazení Depiction – zobrazení Droplet- kapénka Droplet- kapénka Groin- slabina Groin- slabina Lymphatic gland- lymfatická žláza Lymphatic gland- lymfatická žláza Lymph-node Lymph-node mízní uzlina mízní uzlina Mucus – hlen Mucus – hlen Mud – bláto Mud – bláto Peasant – rolník Peasant – rolník Pneumonic – plicní Pneumonic – plicní Rodent – hlodavec Rodent – hlodavec Septicemic – střevní Septicemic – střevní Serfdom - nevolnictví Serfdom - nevolnictví Sputum- slina Sputum- slina Thatch – došek Thatch – došek Windpipe - průdušky Windpipe - průdušky


Download ppt "The Black Death Iva Vaňkátová 1. mcr. Introduction: Plague has been occured since the ancient world Plague has been occured since the ancient world Already."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google