Presentation on theme: "What is the black death aka the Bubonic Plague."— Presentation transcript:
1What is the black death aka the Bubonic Plague. The bubonic plague started inIn Europe The Black Death was one of the worst natural disasters in history. In 1347 A.D., a great plague swept over Europe and ravaged cities causing widespread hysteria and death. One third of the population of Europe died. "How did it spread The primary culprits in transmitting this disease were Oriental Rat Fleas carried on the back of black ratThis flea (Rat Flea)
2What is it It is one of the most deadly diesis diseases there was There tree kinds of forms ach different form of plague killed people in a vicious way.
3Step 1 Mortality Rate = 30-75% Symptoms Enlarged and inflamed lymph nodesHeadachesNauseaAching jointsfever vomiting, and a general feeling of illness. Symptoms took from 1-7 days to appear.
4Step 2the second pneumonic plague was The pneumonic plague was the second most commonly seen form of the Black Death mortality rate for the pneumonic plague was 90-95% (if treated today the mortality rate would be 5-10%). Sputum is saliva mixed with mucus exerted from the respiratory system. As the disease progressed, the sputum became free flowing and bright red. Symptoms took 1-7 days to appear.
5Step 3 The septicemia plague was the most rare form of all. The mortality was close to 100% (even today there is no treatment). Symptoms were a high fever and skin turning deep shades of purple due to DIC (disseminated intravascular coagulation).DIC can be fatal. The picture at the bottom demonstrates what DIC can look like. In its most deadly form DIC can cause a victims skin to turn dark purple. The black death got its name from the deep purple, almost black discoloration." Victims usually died the same day symptoms appeared. In some cities, as many as 800 people died every day.
6How many people went to god early over 25,000,000 people DEAD
7Lets all take a moment of silence for all the died ok
8XD By Alex Produced by Alex.M Directed byAlex.M SourceAnd Google imagesYEAH THE BLACK DEATH IS COOL
10The word renaissance means? Renaissance is French for rebirth.
11What happened during this period? During the age before the Renaissance, all the old, classic teachings in things like medicine, philosophy, mathematics, etc, were practically lost.
12When it started?between the 14th and 15th centuries depending on who you ask, no official date has been determined. Many historians feel that it began around the time of the printing press which would be 1439 It started around the 14 century it started at Europe
13Who are some important people in the renaissance The English Elizabethan Era is one of the most fascinating periods in the History of England. The Elizabethan Era is named after the greatest Queens of England - Queen Elizabeth.
14MedicineIn Elizabethan era there was little medicine. Most of the doctors didn’t even know about the illnesses . Most people got sick from the open sewers and the lack of water. That meant people didn’t take showers that much.
15Medicine illnessthe upper class mostly got the gout but one of the things that killed one third of the population was the bubonic plague. Also a lot of the things that don’t scare us now killed people back then like fevers or broken bones. If you had a fever it was really dangerous, and if you had a broken bone all they did was make it worse.
16Elizabethan clothing Underclothes! Over Clothes! Smock or shift, also called a chemise made of linenStockings or hoseCorset or bodiceFarthingale - a hooped skirtA Roll or RowelStomacherPetticoatKirtleForepartPartletOver Clothes!GownSeparate sleevesRuffCloakShoesHat
17Rich women and rich men clothing Men = Tinseled satin, silk, or cloth mixed or embroidered with any gold, Cloth of Silver, Tinseled satin, silk, or cloth mixed or embroidered with any gold Women = Cloth of Silver, Tinseled satin, silk, or cloth mixed or embroidered with any silver
18Elizabethan crimeThem punishments are cruel and crazy. If you stole anything over 5 pence then you would be hung. If you were poor and you stole anything as little as an egg you would be hung. Also if you were poor and you would be hung.
19Elizabethan punishment the executions were held in front of everyone. If you were caught poaching at night you would get hung, but if you got caught during the day then you would be put in prison. One of the most nastiest punishments was they would cut parts of your body off and burn it. Also sometime people would get beheaded and they would put there head on a stake and put it at London bridge . If you poisoned someone you would get put in a boiling pot of oil water or lead.
20Elizabethan warThe Irish War also known as the Desmond Rebellions - A series of Rebellions regarding control over the province of Munster over three decades 1560's, 1570's and 1580'sThe Irish family of the Earl of Desmond fighting for the control of Munster from the EnglishReligious reasons - Catholics in Ireland against the Protestant EnglandCatholic Spain supported the Desmond rebellion
21Elizabethan soldiersOne hundred and thirty-two ships, many of them the largest ever known at the time, were ready to sail. They carried three thousand guns and thirty thousand men. merchants and private gentlemen fitted out vessels
24Birth – death Born 1552 in Devon England Died October 29, 1618 in London, England
25What he did for a livingHe was an courtier, politician, soldier, explorer, seaman, businessman, philosopher, historian and poet.He was also at one time accused of being a spy.
26Why he was importantHe made a name for himself fighting the Irish at Munster. Know for his wit and womanizing.He was a great writer & soldier
27His connection to “Virginia” Given the credit for introducing both tobacco and potato’s to Britain although both of these were already known from Spanish explorers but he helped make smoking more popular.
35Birth – DeathBorn – February 18, 1516Died – November 17, 1558
36Who She WasShe was queen regnant of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. She was the oldest daughter of Henry Vill and only surviving child of Catherine of Aragon.
37How She Got Her Nickname The nickname, Bloody Mary, was not given to Mary Tudor until after her death. It was given to her for the religious genocide of men of the Protestant faith during her reign. A nickname such as 'Bloody Mary' would indicate that she had been the cause of thousands of deaths. It said she had been responsible for deaths including men such as Sir Thomas More
38Why she was importantShe was important to world history because of her strong Roman Catholic links to other countries. In England she persecuted Protestants famously burning many at the stake, landing her the nick name "Bloody Mary“.
39What Happened To HerMary died at age 42 at St. James's Palace on November 17, She was succeeded by her half-sister, who became Elizabeth I. Although her will stated that she wished to be buried next to her mother, Mary was interred in Westminster Abbey on December 14 in a tomb she eventually shared with Elizabeth.
40Interesting Facts Mary suffered two phantom pregnancies. She only became queen after a faction of protestant nobles tried to put lady Jane grey, or the “nine day queen”, on the throne.She was never able to fulfill her dream of returning to England to the roman catholic church
43Who she was She was the queen of England from 1533 to 1536 The daughter of an ambitious knight and niece of the duke of Norfolk
44Why she was importantAnne Boleyn is one of the most famous queens in English history, though she ruled for just three years.
45Relations Father – Thomas Boleyn Mother – Lady Elizabeth Howard Had two surviving siblings, Mary & George
46What she didShe caused problems and her husband got tired of it so he imprisoned her where she was found guilty of treason so she got executed.
47Interesting factsBefore her execution her last words was a prayer.“ O lord have mercy on me , to god I commend my soul”, she repeated several times to herself, “to Jesus Christ I commend my soul lord Jesus receive my soul”.
49Crime & punishmentsElizabethan England was split into two classes - the Upper Class, and everyone else. Punishment would vary according to class.Crimes, High Treason , Blasphemy , Sedition , Spying , Rebellion , Murder , Witchcraft weddinge
50Crime & punishmentsVarious means of tortures were use to extract confessions for crimeJust being accused of one of the serious crimes could well result in tortureThe highest nobles were automatically exempt from torture Instruments The RackThe Rack,The Scavenger's Daughter , The Collar , The Iron Maiden , Branding Irons , Assorted instruments designed to inflict intense pain
51Crime & punishmentsCrime and Punishment for commoners during the Elizabethan era included the followingHanging , Burning , The Pillory and the Stocks , Whipping , Branding , Pressing , Ducking stools , The Wheel , Boiling in oil water or lead (usually reserved for prisoners ) , Starvation in a public place , Cutting off various items of the anatomy hands, ears etc
53How they livedDaily life in Elizabethan England varied according to status and location.Renaissance
54How they lived Elizabethan Life for Women Elizabethan Women were subservient to men.Elizabethan Village LifeVillage Life changed with the seasonsElizabethan Life Medicine and IllnessesBubonic Plague, dysentery and typhoid. Elizabethan Medicine - tobacco, arsenic, lily root and dried toad!
56entertainment Elizabethan Customs & Festivals The Customs and Festivals were generally related to the ChurchReligious Feasts, Fairs and FestivalsFeasts Fairs and Festivals were all common occurrences and were celebrated during specific times of the year most of which were dictated by the Church (planed by month)
59Getting marriedthe woman had very little, if any, choice in who her husband might beMarriages were frequently arranged so that both families involved would benefit , Marriages would be arranged to bring prestige or wealth to the family
60Getting marriedMany couples would meet for the very first time on their wedding dayRegardless of their social standing they were expected to marry. Single women who were thought to be witches by their neighbors
61Getting married Once at the church the ceremony would be a solemn one. When the marriage ceremony was over the wedding procession would return to their homes. The families of the couple would sometimes enjoy a wedding feast and were wished a long and happy life.
62Getting married. If there was an Elizabethan wedding then people would just attend.. It was an Elizabethan Wedding custom to celebrate the marriage with a wedding feast. The special feast had to be carefully planned.
63Bull Baiting Bull baiting was a contest. training bulldogs to attack tethered bulls.The bull, tied round the root of his horns, confined to a space of 30 feet diameter.When the sport began, one of the dogs would be let loose. The bull was baited for about an hour.
64Bear BaitingBear baiting was a contest in which the bear was chained to a stake by one hind leg or by the neck and worried by dogs.The whipping of a blinded bear was another variation of bear-baiting. Queen Elizabeth attended a famous baiting which was described by an Elizabethan chroniclerHere is a video of bear baiting.
65Elizabethan Sports.Elizabethan Bear & Bull Baiting were immensely popular sports during the Elizabethan era. Even Queen Elizabeth was pleased to spend an afternoon watching these bloodthirsty forms of entertainment.Here is another video of bull baiting.
66More Info On Bull And Bear Baiting Bear baiting and Bull baiting took place in purpose built arenas.The most famous London arena for Bull Baiting was called the Bull Ring Theatre.The Audience capacity for Bull and Bear Baiting was up to 1000 people.
67Elizabethan TheatreThe theatre was an expanding industry during the Elizabethan era. Many theatres sprang up in and around the City of London. The excitement, money and fame lured Elizabethan theatre entrepreneurs and actors into working in the famous Elizabethan Theatre.Think of a public outdoor structure like the Coliseum or a small football stadium with a capacity of between 1500 and 3000 people.
68The RENAISSANCE FESTIVAL 1500 AND 1600 Elizabethan Customs & Festivals played a major role in Elizabethan Life. The Feasts, Fairs and Festivals were all held at the same time of year giving Elizabethan people something to look forward to in their everyday Elizabethan lives. The Customs and Festivals were generally related to the Church. All Elizabethans were expected to attend Church every Sunday so were very aware of the customs and festivals which were celebrated within the Church calendar. Most of the Lower Class population were illiterate so the Church gave the people a framework to the major events of the year.
69The Daily life in England!!! Daily life in Elizabethan England varied according to status and location. It was the time of the Renaissance - new ideas in science and literature and all aspects of Elizabethan Daily life. But the information and facts regarding, education, religion, the monarchy, Leisure, the Movement from Country life to Town life and the New World all of which effected Elizabethan Daily life.
70Fill In the Blanks. Bull baiting was a _____. The Audience capacity for Bull and Bear Baiting was up to _____ people.Even _______________ was pleased to spend an afternoon watching these bloodthirsty forms of entertainment.training ________ to attack tethered bulls.But the information and facts regarding, education, religion, the monarchy, Leisure, the Movement from Country life to Town life and the New World all of which effected _______________________.Most of the Lower Class population were illiterate so the Church gave the people a framework to the major ________________.
71But the information and facts regarding, education, religion, the monarchy, Leisure, the Movement from Country life to Town life and the New World all of which effected _______________________
72Answer Key Contest 1000 Queen Elizabeth training bulldogs to attack tethered bulls.Elizabethan Daily lifeevents of the year