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 The bubonic plague started in 1347-1350  In Europe The Black Death was one of the worst natural disasters in history. In 1347 A.D., a great plague swept.

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Presentation on theme: " The bubonic plague started in 1347-1350  In Europe The Black Death was one of the worst natural disasters in history. In 1347 A.D., a great plague swept."— Presentation transcript:

1  The bubonic plague started in  In Europe The Black Death was one of the worst natural disasters in history. In 1347 A.D., a great plague swept over Europe and ravaged cities causing widespread hy steria and death. One third of the population of Europe died. "  How did it spread  The primary culprits in transmitting this disease were Oriental Rat Fleas carried on the back of black rat  This flea (Rat Flea)

2  It is one of the most deadly diesis diseases there was  There tree kinds of forms ach different form of plague killed people in a vicious way.

3  Mortality Rate = 30-75%  Symptoms  Enlarged and inflamed lymph nodes  Headaches  Nausea  Aching joints  fever vomiting, and a general feeling of illness. Symptoms took from 1-7 days to appear.

4 the second pneumonic plague was The pneumonic plague was the second most commonly seen form of the Black Death mortality rate for the pneumonic plague was 90-95% (if treated today the mortality rate would be 5-10%). Sputum is saliva mixed with mucus exerted from the respiratory system. As the disease progressed, the sputum became free flowing and bright red. Symptoms took 1-7 days to appear.

5  The septicemia plague was the most rare form of all. The mortality was close to 100% (even today there is no treatment). Symptoms were a high fever and skin turning deep shades of purple due to DIC (disseminated intravascular coagulation).disseminated intravascular coagulation  DIC can be fatal. The picture at the bottom demonstrates what DIC can look like. In its most deadly form DIC can cause a victims skin to turn dark purple. The black death got its name from the deep purple, almost black discoloration." Victims usually died the same day symptoms appeared. In some cities, as many as 800 people died every day.

6 over 25,000,000 people DEAD

7  ok

8  By Alex  Produced by Alex.M  Directed byAlex.M  Source inspecta.com/fleas/bdeath/Black.htmlhttp://www.insecta- inspecta.com/fleas/bdeath/Black.html  And Google images  YEAH THE BLACK DEATH IS COOL

9 By: Edgar Diaz

10 Renaissance is French for rebirth.

11  During the age before the Renaissance, all the old, classic teachings in things like medicine, philosophy, mathematics, etc, were practically lost.

12 between the 14th and 15th centuries depending on who you ask, no official date has been determined. Many historians feel that it began around the time of the printing press which would be 1439 It started around the 14 century it started at Europe

13  The English Elizabethan Era is one of the most fascinating periods in the History of England. The Elizabethan Era is named after the greatest Queens of England - Queen Elizabeth.

14 In Elizabethan era there was little medicine. Most of the doctors didn’t even know about the illnesses. Most people got sick from the open sewers and the lack of water. That meant people didn’t take showers that much.

15 the upper class mostly got the gout but one of the things that killed one third of the population was the bubonic plague. Also a lot of the things that don’t scare us now killed people back then like fevers or broken bones. If you had a fever it was really dangerous, and if you had a broken bone all they did was make it worse.

16 Underclothes! Smock or shift, also called a chemise made of linen Stockings or hose Corset or bodice Farthingale - a hooped skirt A Roll or Rowel Stomacher Petticoat Kirtle Forepart Partlet Over Clothes! Gown Separate sleeves Ruff Cloak Shoes Hat

17 Men = Tinseled satin, silk, or cloth mixed or embroidered with any gold, Cloth of Silver, Tinseled satin, silk, or cloth mixed or embroidered with any gold Women = Cloth of Silver, Tinseled satin, silk, or cloth mixed or embroidered with any silver

18 Them punishments are cruel and crazy. If you stole anything over 5 pence then you would be hung. If you were poor and you stole anything as little as an egg you would be hung. Also if you were poor and you would be hung.

19 the executions were held in front of everyone. If you were caught poaching at night you would get hung, but if you got caught during the day then you would be put in prison. One of the most nastiest punishments was they would cut parts of your body off and burn it. Also sometime people would get beheaded and they would put there head on a stake and put it at London bridge. If you poisoned someone you would get put in a boiling pot of oil water or lead.

20  The Irish War also known as the Desmond Rebellions - A series of Rebellions regarding control over the province of Munster over three decades 1560's, 1570's and 1580's  The Irish family of the Earl of Desmond fighting for the control of Munster from the English  Religious reasons - Catholics in Ireland against the Protestant England  Catholic Spain supported the Desmond rebellion

21  One hundred and thirty-two ships, many of them the largest ever known at the time, were ready to sail. They carried three thousand guns and thirty thousand men. merchants and private gentlemen fitted out vessels

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23 .

24  Born 1552 in Devon England Died October 29, 1618 in London, England

25  He was an courtier, politician, soldier, explorer, seaman, businessman, philosopher, historian and poet.  He was also at one time accused of being a spy.

26  He made a name for himself fighting the Irish at Munster. Know for his wit and womanizing.  He was a great writer & soldier

27  Given the credit for introducing both tobacco and potato’s to Britain although both of these were already known from Spanish explorers but he helped make smoking more popular.

28 .

29  Born – 1552 in London, England  Died – January 13, 1599 in London England

30  He was an English poet  Author of “The Faery Queen”

31  He is recognized as one of the premier craftsmen of Modern English verse in its infancy, and one of the greatest poets in the English language.

32  In July 1580 Spenser went to Ireland, in the service of the newly appointed lord deputy.  Then he served with the English forces during the Second Desmond Rebellion.

33  Spenser wrote a prose pamphlet titled, A View of the Present State of Ireland. This piece remained in manuscript until its publication and print in the mid- seventeenth century.

34 ..

35  Born – February 18, 1516  Died – November 17, 1558

36  She was queen regnant of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. She was the oldest daughter of Henry Vill and only surviving child of Catherine of Aragon.

37 The nickname, Bloody Mary, was not given to Mary Tudor until after her death. It was given to her for the religious genocide of men of the Protestant faith during her reign. A nickname such as 'Bloody Mary' would indicate that she had been the cause of thousands of deaths. It said she had been responsible for deaths including men such as Sir Thomas More

38  She was important to world history because of her strong Roman Catholic links to other countries. In England she persecuted Protestants famously burning many at the stake, landing her the nick name "Bloody Mary“.

39 Mary died at age 42 at St. James's Palace on November 17, She was succeeded by her half-sister, who became Elizabeth I. Although her will stated that she wished to be buried next to her mother, Mary was interred in Westminster Abbey on December 14 in a tomb she eventually shared with Elizabeth.

40  Mary suffered two phantom pregnancies.  She only became queen after a faction of protestant nobles tried to put lady Jane grey, or the “nine day queen”, on the throne.  She was never able to fulfill her dream of returning to England to the roman catholic church

41 .

42  Born – 1501/1507  Died – 1536

43  She was the queen of England from 1533 to 1536  The daughter of an ambitious knight and niece of the duke of Norfolk

44  Anne Boleyn is one of the most famous queens in English history, though she ruled for just three years.

45  Father – Thomas Boleyn  Mother – Lady Elizabeth Howard  Had two surviving siblings, Mary & George

46  She caused problems and her husband got tired of it so he imprisoned her where she was found guilty of treason so she got executed.

47  Before her execution her last words was a prayer.  “ O lord have mercy on me, to god I commend my soul”, she repeated several times to herself, “to Jesus Christ I commend my soul lord Jesus receive my soul”.

48  OH NO!!!!

49  Elizabethan England was split into two classes - the Upper Class, and everyone else. Punishment would vary according to class.  Crimes, High Treason, Blasphemy, Sedition, Spying, Rebellion, Murder, Witchcraft wedding  e

50  Various means of tortures were use to extract confessions for crime  Just being accused of one of the serious crimes could well result in torture  The highest nobles were automatically exempt from torture Instruments The Rack  The Rack,The Scavenger's Daughter, The Collar, The Iron Maiden, Branding Irons, Assorted instruments designed to inflict intense pain

51  Crime and Punishment for commoners during the Elizabethan era included the following  Hanging, Burning, The Pillory and the Stocks, Whipping, Branding, Pressing, Ducking stools, The Wheel, Boiling in oil water or lead (usually reserved for prisoners ), Starvation in a public place, Cutting off various items of the anatomy hands, ears etc

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53  Daily life in Elizabethan England varied according to status and location.  Renaissance

54  Elizabethan Life for Women  Elizabethan Women were subservient to men.  Elizabethan Village Life  Village Life changed with the seasons  Elizabethan Life Medicine and Illnesses  Bubonic Plague, dysentery and typhoid. Elizabethan Medicine - tobacco, arsenic, lily root and dried toad!

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56  Elizabethan Customs & Festivals  The Customs and Festivals were generally related to the Church  Religious Feasts, Fairs and Festivals  Feasts Fairs and Festivals were all common occurrences and were celebrated during specific times of the year most of which were dictated by the Church (planed by month)

57  Shakespeare  Romeo and Juliet

58

59  the woman had very little, if any, choice in who her husband might be  Marriages were frequently arranged so that both families involved would benefit, Marriages would be arranged to bring prestige or wealth to the family

60  Many couples would meet for the very first time on their wedding day  Regardless of their social standing they were expected to marry. Single women who were thought to be witches by their neighbors

61  Once at the church the ceremony would be a solemn one.  When the marriage ceremony was over the wedding procession would return to their homes. The families of the couple would sometimes enjoy a wedding feast and were wished a long and happy life.

62 . If there was an Elizabethan wedding then people would just attend. . It was an Elizabethan Wedding custom to celebrate the marriage with a wedding feast. The special feast had to be carefully planned.

63  Bull baiting was a contest.  training bulldogs to attack tethered bulls.  The bull, tied round the root of his horns, confined to a space of 30 feet diameter.  When the sport began, one of the dogs would be let loose. The bull was baited for about an hour.

64  Bear baiting was a contest in which the bear was chained to a stake by one hind leg or by the neck and worried by dogs.  The whipping of a blinded bear was another variation of bear-baiting. Queen Elizabeth attended a famous baiting which was described by an Elizabethan chronicler attack-bears-sport Here is a video of bear baiting.

65  Elizabethan Bear & Bull Baiting were immensely popular sports during the Elizabethan era.  Even Queen Elizabeth was pleased to spend an afternoon watching these bloodthirsty forms of entertainment. 06# Here is another video of bull baiting.

66  Bear baiting and Bull baiting took place in purpose built arenas.  The most famous London arena for Bull Baiting was called the Bull Ring Theatre.  The Audience capacity for Bull and Bear Baiting was up to 1000 people.

67  The theatre was an expanding industry during the Elizabethan era. Many theatres sprang up in and around the City of London. The excitement, money and fame lured Elizabethan theatre entrepreneurs and actors into working in the famous Elizabethan Theatre.  Think of a public outdoor structure like the Coliseum or a small football stadium with a capacity of between 1500 and 3000 people.

68  Elizabethan Customs & Festivals played a major role in Elizabethan Life. The Feasts, Fairs and Festivals were all held at the same time of year giving Elizabethan people something to look forward to in their everyday Elizabethan lives. The Customs and Festivals were generally related to the Church. All Elizabethans were expected to attend Church every Sunday so were very aware of the customs and festivals which were celebrated within the Church calendar. Most of the Lower Class population were illiterate so the Church gave the people a framework to the major events of the year.

69  Daily life in Elizabethan England varied according to status and location. It was the time of the Renaissance - new ideas in science and literature and all aspects of Elizabethan Daily life. But the information and facts regarding, education, religion, the monarchy, Leisure, the Movement from Country life to Town life and the New World all of which effected Elizabethan Daily life.

70 1. Bull baiting was a _____. 2. The Audience capacity for Bull and Bear Baiting was up to _____ people. 3. Even _______________ was pleased to spend an afternoon watching these bloodthirsty forms of entertainment. 4. training ________ to attack tethered bulls. 5. But the information and facts regarding, education, religion, the monarchy, Leisure, the Movement from Country life to Town life and the New World all of which effected _______________________.  Most of the Lower Class population were illiterate s  o the Church gave the people a framework to the major ________________.

71 But the information and facts regarding, education, religion, the monarchy, Leisure, the Movement from Country life to Town life and the New World all of which effected _______________________

72 1. Contest Queen Elizabeth 4. training bulldogs to attack tethered bulls. 5. Elizabethan Daily life 6. events of the year


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