Presentation on theme: "Quick History of Europe 1092. Timeline.. (A.D. = Anno Domini [Year of Our Lord]) 100 AD till… Germanic tribes attack Dark Ages: 500 – 1000 AD 476 AD Rome."— Presentation transcript:
Timeline.. (A.D. = Anno Domini [Year of Our Lord]) 100 AD till… Germanic tribes attack Dark Ages: 500 – 1000 AD 476 AD Rome loses control of Europe 787 AD Vikings start attacking Middle Ages: 1000 – 1450 AD 1096 AD Crusades begin – Christians vs. Muslims in Holy Land 1215 Magna Carta signed – king has less power 1347 Plague reaches Europe Renaissance: 1450-1600s AD (Leonardo da Vinci, etc.) Age of Exploration 1600s – 1800s AD (Christopher Columbus, etc) Age of Empires: mid 1400s – late 1900s AD 1914- 1918 WWI –1917: Russian Revolution 1939-1944 – WWII 1945-1991 Cold War
Spread of Christianity in Europe Spread of Islam in Middle East & Africa
Crusades 1095-1291 A.D. Series of holy wars begun by the Pope of the Catholic Church to regain the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks. http://www.history.com/topics/crusades/videos#roots-of-the-crusades
Results of Crusades Crusaders did not win back Holy Lands BUT…survivors brought back new ideas: –New maps –New foods –New medicines –Desire for MORE Led to travel, trade, and Renaissance… and PLAGUE
1215 Magna Carta signed Barons did not like King John of England (taxes, religion, lost wars) No heir to the throne Limited the king’s absolute power
Travel along the Silk Road Traders traveled from Europe to the East for silk, spices, and new ideas. They battled tribes and hardships. The Italians controlled entry into Europe and grew rich.
1347 AD Plague reaches Europe Caused by a germ that lives in some kinds of rats. Fleas bite the rats and get sick. Fleas bite people & people get sick. Killed 75 million people. http://www.history.com/topics/crusades/videos#coroners-report-plague
Spread of the Plague along the Silk Road Jews were burned alive during the Plague
Renaissance: 1450-1600s AD Plague changed Europe’s social structure and people’s attitudes. – food was cheaper, people inherited land from dead relatives, and they were open to new ideas Began in Italy (ports where goods and ideas entered Europe) Spread to rest of Europe – new ideas in art, architecture, science, and religion
Age of Exploration 1600s – 1800s AD Causes: –Religion –Natural resources –Market for goods –Prince Henry the Navigator
Age of Empires: mid 1400s – late 1900s AD Portugal – earliest empire Spain – one of largest empire England – largest empire France – 2 nd largest empire
1914- 1918 WWI Called the Great War ‘World war’ because empires’ colonies had to fight with them & empires had allies that agreed to back them Germany lost
1917: Russian Revolution Russians were losing WWI to Germany Russians didn’t trust Tsar’s wife Russians were hungry So… Revolution! –Killed Tsar & family –Quit WWI –Gave Germany land
1939-1944 – WWII Caused by harsh treatment of Germany after WWI Hitler rose to power in Germany –Promised Germany glory –Planned to kill all Jews Was joined by Italy & Japan Lost
1945-1991 Cold War After WWII Period of distrust and misunderstanding between Soviet Union and U.S. Germany was divided into East (Soviet) and West (free). Ended when Berlin Wall was destroyed and Soviet Union dissolved.