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The Black Death Late Medieval Period

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1 The Black Death Late Medieval Period

2 The Black Death Begins around 1347 Begins around 1347 AKA – Bubonic Plague AKA – Bubonic Plague Lasts only 5 years, until 1352 Lasts only 5 years, until 1352 Kills almost 1/3 of Europe’s population – 25 million Kills almost 1/3 of Europe’s population – 25 million htm

3 The Plague’s Route

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6 Here’s the Culprit!

7 Where did it come from? Started with fleas on rats in Asia Started with fleas on rats in Asia Traveled to Europe by trade Traveled to Europe by trade Once the goods were unloaded and the rats got out, the fleas bit humans. Once the goods were unloaded and the rats got out, the fleas bit humans. Thus, they contracted the disease. Thus, they contracted the disease.

8 Symptoms High fever High fever Swollen glands Swollen glands Purplish spots under skin Purplish spots under skin Sometimes bulged and turned black Sometimes bulged and turned black

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10 For all of you doctors For all of you doctors Bubonic plague is a bacillus carried by parasites on the back of rodents. It was mostly carried on the backs of black rats. Bubonic plague is a bacillus carried by parasites on the back of rodents. It was mostly carried on the backs of black rats. The plague mainly spread through flea bites. However, it could spread from human to human when it became pneumonic plague. The plague mainly spread through flea bites. However, it could spread from human to human when it became pneumonic plague. Because of the rapid spread, and many inconsistencies, many scientists believe another disease was also present, possibly anthrax (from eating infected cows). Because of the rapid spread, and many inconsistencies, many scientists believe another disease was also present, possibly anthrax (from eating infected cows).

11 Continued The spread is believed to have been stopped by the arrival of larger brown rats. The spread is believed to have been stopped by the arrival of larger brown rats. These rats killed off the black rats and their fur is thicker and not as inviting for fleas. These rats killed off the black rats and their fur is thicker and not as inviting for fleas.

12 What to Do With the Dead? Plague spread so quickly, couldn’t keep up with burials. Plague spread so quickly, couldn’t keep up with burials. Many bodies left in the street, which possibly further contaminated people. Many bodies left in the street, which possibly further contaminated people. us/cur/eng97_8/remsen/sak i_justin/the_plague.htm

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14 Effects Enormous reduction in population = labor shortage Enormous reduction in population = labor shortage Trade disrupted Trade disrupted Food shortages and starvation follow Food shortages and starvation follow Many societies become lawless. Many societies become lawless. “In this sore affliction and misery of our city, the authority of the laws, both human and divine, was all dissolved and fell into decay.” Boccaccio “In this sore affliction and misery of our city, the authority of the laws, both human and divine, was all dissolved and fell into decay.” Boccaccio Jews became a scapegoat (Pogrom = anti-Jewish massacres) Jews became a scapegoat (Pogrom = anti-Jewish massacres)

15 Jewish Pogrom in Strasbourg, Germany “On Saturday…they burnt the Jews on a wooden platform in their cemetery. There were about 2,000 people of them. Many small children were taken out of the fire and baptized against the will of their fathers and mothers.” Jacob von Konigshofen “On Saturday…they burnt the Jews on a wooden platform in their cemetery. There were about 2,000 people of them. Many small children were taken out of the fire and baptized against the will of their fathers and mothers.” Jacob von Konigshofen “The money was indeed the thing that killed the Jews. If they had been poor and if the feudal lords had not been in debt to them, they would not have been burnt…” “The money was indeed the thing that killed the Jews. If they had been poor and if the feudal lords had not been in debt to them, they would not have been burnt…”

16 What about the manors? Not enough labor Not enough labor Serfs realize they can bargain for pay now Serfs realize they can bargain for pay now Nobles had no other choice but to pay serfs for services now Nobles had no other choice but to pay serfs for services now This is another factor leading to Feudalism breaking down. This is another factor leading to Feudalism breaking down.

17 And the Church… People lost faith in Church People lost faith in Church Thought that holy people should have been able to stop plague or cure it Thought that holy people should have been able to stop plague or cure it Also, priests began to stop seeing the dying for fear they would contract the disease. Also, priests began to stop seeing the dying for fear they would contract the disease.

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19 The Plague Today

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