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History Year Nine ~ 2009 Mr Larkin Room 18. Learning together… Arrive for class quickly - do not be late Unpack and sit down quickly Follow instructions.

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Presentation on theme: "History Year Nine ~ 2009 Mr Larkin Room 18. Learning together… Arrive for class quickly - do not be late Unpack and sit down quickly Follow instructions."— Presentation transcript:

1 History Year Nine ~ 2009 Mr Larkin Room 18

2 Learning together… Arrive for class quickly - do not be late Unpack and sit down quickly Follow instructions Show respect for others Act with dignity Act responsibly Always listen when others are talking Do not eat or drink in class

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4 Overview of Year Nine History Birth of the nation Australia in 1901 Australia ~ 1901 to 1914 The Great War ~ 1914 to 1918 Gallipoli and the Anzacs The Roaring Twenties The 1930s and the Great Depression Famous individuals: Bradman, Nancy Bird Walton, Phar Lap… The Second World War ~ 1939 to 1945

5 Links for Year Nine History Click on History and browse to the Year Nine link

6 Australia at the turn of the 20th century In 1901 the nation of Australia was born following the process known as Federation Before that Australia was a collection of colonies including Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria for example During that time Australia was experiencing difficulties both in the cities and the countryside Solving these difficulties were challenges that the new government had to meet

7 Problems facing Australia in 1901 UrbanRural Urban means…Rural means…

8 Problems facing Australia in 1901 UrbanRural Urban refers to citiesRural refers to farms and country areas Slums and poor housingDrought Unclean living conditionsPoor economic conditions Transport needed modernisation with electric trains and trams Poor farming methods Health issues including plagueToo many trees chopped down Conflict between bosses and workers Many farmers walked off the land

9 Bubonic Plague

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14 Life in Australia about 1900 The “Black Death” The bubonic plague reached Adelaide on January 15th, 1900 The bubonic plague is a terrible and painful disease The bubonic plague was reported in Sydney on January 19th, 1900 There were 10 outbreaks of the plague in Sydney during the next 22 years In Sydney 600 people fell sick and 196 died Across Australia 1360 people fell sick and 535 died

15 Life in Australia about 1900 Food In the early years of our country Australians mainly ate and drank as if they were still living in England ~ the mother country The main food item consumed was meat from the butchers

16 Life in Australia about 1900 Food In the early years of our country Australians mainly ate and drank as if they were still living in England ~ the mother country The main food item consumed was meat from the butchers One of the most popular drinks was tea

17 Life in Australia about 1900 Food In the early years of our country Australians mainly ate and drank as if they were still living in England ~ the mother country The main food item consumed was meat from the butchers One of the most popular drinks was tea People were not eating local fish as much as we do today

18 Life in Australia about 1900 Food In the early years of our country Australians mainly ate and drank as if they were still living in England ~ the mother country The main food item consumed was meat from the butchers One of the most popular drinks was tea People were not eating local fish as much as we do today People had not set up local market gardens

19 Life in Australia about 1900 Food In the early years of our country Australians mainly ate and drank as if they were still living in England ~ the mother country The main food item consumed was meat from the butchers One of the most popular drinks was tea People were not eating local fish as much as we do today People had not set up local market gardens Tropical fruits were not being eaten

20 Life in Australia about 1900 Food In the early years of our country Australians mainly ate and drank as if they were still living in England ~ the mother country The main food item consumed was meat from the butchers One of the most popular drinks was tea People were not eating local fish as much as we do today People had not set up local market gardens Tropical fruits were not being eaten The diet of most Australians was based on the diet of English people

21 Life in Australia about 1900 Food In the early years of our country Australians mainly ate and drank as if they were still living in England ~ the mother country The main food item consumed was meat from the butchers One of the most popular drinks was tea People were not eating local fish as much as we do today People had not set up local market gardens Tropical fruits were not being eaten The diet of most Australians was based on the diet of English people Australian eating habits did not begin to change till the 1950s and 1960s with immigration

22 Life in Australia about 1900 The Bain family lived at Sandon Point and spent their holidays at Little Lake, Barrack Point. John Bain and wife Nell (Robertson) with children Andrew, Ellen and William

23 Activities ~ Class and Homework Look closely at Source 1.1 and Source 1.2 on page What do each of these sources show you about life in the rural countryside of Australia at the beginning of the 20th century? 2. Complete Comprehension Questions 3, 4, 5 and 8 on page 7 of the text book or handout. 3. Complete Analysis and Use of Sources 1, 2 and 3 on page 7 of the text book or handout.

24 Activities ~ Class and Homework Heading: The bubonic plague or black death in Sydney Read the information on the Black Death of plague in Sydney in 1900 on page 7 of your text book Browse through the photographs at the web site ~ Bubonic Plague in Sydney Click on the correct links Imagine that you are a newspaper writer in Sydney. Write a one page story about the plague and conditions in the slums of Sydney. The year is 1900.

25 Life in Australia about 1900 Was Australia a rich or poor country back in 1900? Different authors were writing about life in Australia about that time. What did they write? Let’s read what they said… In 1883 Richard Twopenny wrote that Australia was making good progress and said that there was no poor class in the land. In 1893 Timothy Coghlan wrote that on average Australians were better off than people in any other country Frank Donohue also wrote in 1896 that Australians were well off compared to people from other parts of the world. Australia was called a ‘workingman’s paradise’ where anyone could do well and everyone was equal. Thinking back over previous lessons do you agree or disagree with these ideas, Year Nine? What do you think, Year Nine?


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