What were the political, economic, and social effects of the Black Death??
The Famine of 1315-1317 By 1300 Europeans were farming almost all the land they could cultivate. A population crisis developed. Climate changes in Europe produced three years of crop failures between 1315-17 because of excessive rain. As many as 15% of the peasants in some English villages died. One consequence of starvation & poverty was susceptibility to disease.
The Culprits Bubonic plague bacteria Flea Common Rat
The Disease Cycle Flea drinks rat blood that carries the bacteria. Flea’s gut clogged with bacteria. Bacteria multiply in flea’s gut. Flea bites human and regurgitates blood into human wound. Human is infected!
The Symptoms Bulbous Septicemic Form: almost 100% mortality rate.
Attempts to Stop the Plague A Doctor’s Robe and mask “Leeching”
Treatment: Lancing a Bulbus European doctors were totally unprepared to treat victims who became sick. One popular treatment was to lance or “pop” the sores with a sharp metal stick. However, this actually made things worse because it often made the wound infected and it spread puss and germs to more people.
The Mortality Rate 30% - 40% of Europe’s entire population died from the plague 25,000,000 dead !!!
Impact of the Plague on Europe Pograms: attacks against the Jewish people living in Europe. Violence against Jewish people blamed for the plague “Golden Circle” obligatory badge that Jews had to wear
Impact of the Plague on Europe 30% of all people in Europe die!!! More farmland for survivors Higher pay for surviving workers
Impact of Plague on Europe Flagellation: Self-inflicted “whipping” to pay for our sins! God is punishing us.
Impact of the Plague on Europe Help End Feudalism: The serfs can make more money and leave the manor. Growth of Cities More Rights!
A Little Gruesome Rhyme “A sickly season,” the merchant said, “The town I left was filled with dead, and everywhere these queer red flies crawled upon the corpses’ eyes, eating them away.” “Fair make you sick,” the merchant said, “They crawled upon the wine and bread. Pale priests with oil and books, bulging eyes and crazy looks, dropping like the flies.”
A Little Black Death Poem “Ring around the Rosy. When some one had the plague, the first sign was a red (or rosy) face. Pocket full of Posies. Posies were a nice smelling flower used to cover up the awful smell of a plague victim. Ashes, Ashes, we all fall down!” “Ashes to ashes, dust to dust” is what they said when they were burying a person.