Presentation on theme: "Ch. 9 The Late Middle Ages (1300- 1453) Key Idea: By the middle of the fifteenth century, Europe had recovered socially and economically from the effects."— Presentation transcript:
Ch. 9 The Late Middle Ages ( ) Key Idea: By the middle of the fifteenth century, Europe had recovered socially and economically from the effects of the Hundred Years War, the Black Death, and a divided Church.
Based on the map, how do you think the plague spread to Europe?
First appeared in Europe in 1347 w/ numerous outbreaks across Europe Believed to arrive in Italy from the Middle East Caused by bacteria carried by fleas Many Europeans were weak due to recent famines across Europe –The Great Famine of 1315— —75 million population Overproduction of agriculture leads to instability of land Crop failures=famine and susceptibility to disease
Wiped out 30 to 40% of Europe’s population Raged for four years, subsided, then reoccurred over the next several centuries Skilled laborers became valuable. WHY?
1347: Plague Reaches Constantinople!
The Symptoms Bulbous Septicemic Form: almost 100% mortality rate.
p Preconditions and CausesEffects of the Plague
Response to the Plague Prevention (4)Treatment (2)
From the Toggenburg Bible, 1411
Lancing a Buboe
Medieval Art & the Plague
Bring out your dead!
Medieval Art & the Plague An obsession with death.
Boccaccio in The Decameron The victims ate lunch with their friends and dinner with their ancestors.
The Danse Macabre
Response to the Plague No one could explain it Flagellants believed it was God’s wrath and whipped themselves in atonement Many blamed Jews for poisoning wells led to persecution (pograms) Art reflected obsession with death Many people looked to Catholic Church, but little solace lost of faith in the Church
Attempts to Stop the Plague A Doctor’s Robe “Leeching”
Attempts to Stop the Plague Flagellanti: Self-inflicted “penance” for our sins!
Attempts to Stop the Plague Pograms against the Jews “Jew” hat “Golden Circle” obligatory badge
Death Triumphant !: A Major Artistic Theme
A Little Macabre Ditty “A sickly season,” the merchant said, “The town I left was filled with dead, and everywhere these queer red flies crawled upon the corpses’ eyes, eating them away.” “Fair make you sick,” the merchant said, “They crawled upon the wine and bread. Pale priests with oil and books, bulging eyes and crazy looks, dropping like the flies.”
A Little Macabre Ditty (2) “I had to laugh,” the merchant said, “The doctors purged, and dosed, and bled; “And proved through solemn disputation “The cause lay in some constellation. “Then they began to die.” “First they sneezed,” the merchant said, “And then they turned the brightest red, Begged for water, then fell back. With bulging eyes and face turned black, they waited for the flies.”
A Little Macabre Ditty (3) “I came away,” the merchant said, “You can’t do business with the dead. “So I’ve come here to ply my trade. “You’ll find this to be a fine brocade…” And then he sneezed……….!
Boccaccio’s The Decameron Best known work describing the conditions of the plague in Florence, Italy Estimated that 3/5 of Florence’s population died Florence considered to be center of emerging Renaissance Famine occurred in 1340 and 1347 Bleath Death reached Florence in 1348
The Brotherhood of the Flagellants Develop an hypothesis to account for the popularity of the flagellants, especially among the lower classes. clA1A&edufilter=scO_Mq_iPeSU9rbqR5Ct TQ&safe=activehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wDajJo clA1A&edufilter=scO_Mq_iPeSU9rbqR5Ct TQ&safe=active
The Mortality Rate 40% 25,000,000 dead !!!
EQ: The Black Death What were the political, social, and economic effects of the Black Death on Europe? Refer to p PoliticalSocialEconomic
Effects of Black Death Fear of contagion weakened social bonds Lost of respect for the Church and nobility who could not help the lower classes economic consequences: –dramatic labor shortage, climbing wages for laborers & artisans –Drop in population led to decrease in demand for agricultural products and prices –falling agricultural, climbing luxury prices—noble landowners hardest hit –cities (artisans) benefit from demand for luxury goods
What were the political, economic, and social effects of the Black Death??