Presentation on theme: "The Crusades and the Black Death ESSENTIAL QUESTION WHAT WERE THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF THE CRUSADES? CAN THE IMPACT OF THE CRUSADES STILL BE SEEN TODAY?"— Presentation transcript:
The Crusades and the Black Death
ESSENTIAL QUESTION WHAT WERE THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF THE CRUSADES? CAN THE IMPACT OF THE CRUSADES STILL BE SEEN TODAY?
The Crusades The Crusades were an attempt by the European Church to “reclaim the Holy Land” Jerusalem had been conquered by Arabs around 640 AD 1095 Pope Urban calls for first Crusade
Crusades Christian knights captured parts of Palestine/Syria 7 crusades in all from including “Children’s Crusade” Popes wanted to keep armies out of Europe and increase power
Crusades By 1291 Muslims recapture all lands in “Holy Land” Crusades a failure- BUT- open Europe up to Middle East trading, new knowledge and technologies- Europeans go explore
THE BUBONIC PLAGUE
WHAT CAUSED THE PLAGUE? ESSENTIAL QUESTION
The Plague “Black Death” BUBONIC - The bacteria from flea bite invades lymph node -causes great swelling. Internal bleeding starts Blood dries under the skin and turns black, hence the name "Black Death".
The Plague Enters Europe from Asia spread by rats Caused 25 million deaths throughout Europe Superstition/ Fear spread in Europe-Jews blamed
The Disease Cycle Flea drinks rat blood that carries the bacteria. Flea’s gut clogged with bacteria. Bacteria multiply in flea’s gut. Flea bites human and regurgitates blood into human wound. Human is infected!
The Plague Plague affected authority of Church- which did not have answers Feudalism changed- workers so scarce could demand high wages Population wouldn’t increase until 1400s
Lancing a Buboe
Medieval Art & the Plague
Boccaccio in The Decameron The victims ate lunch with their friends and dinner with their ancestors.
Medieval Art & the Plague Bring out your dead!
Attempts to Stop the Plague A Doctor’s Robe “Leeching”
The Mortality Rate 35% - 70% 25,000,000 dead !!!
The woman was bitten at the same time as Paul Gaylord, who made national headlines whenhe almost died from a version of the infection that killed millions in the Middle Ages. Plague is a bacterial illness spread through the bite of infected fleas or through direct contactwith an infected animal or person. The disease is now extremely rare. There are about sevencases a year in the U.S. The two had found a stray cat in distress, choking on a mouse. They were bitten when theytried unsuccessfully to help the animal. The 60-year-old Gaylord spent nearly a month on life support. The woman, identified only as aGaylord family friend, was out of the area when she started showing symptoms, includingfever, chills and pain in the lymph nodes. She was treated with antibiotics at a Portlandhospital. "We got to her just in time," said Karen Yeargain of the Crook County Health Department. "If this hadn't happened, we would have had another critically ill person on our hands," sheadded. Health officials suspected the woman had the plague, but it was not confirmed until lab resultsfrom the federal Centers for Disease Control came back last week, Yeargain said.