Presentation on theme: "Unit XIV - The Protestant Reformation and the Bubonic Plague The Protestant Religions, 1 – 18 The Bubonic Plague, 19 - 21 Copyright 2006; C. Pettinato,"— Presentation transcript:
Unit XIV - The Protestant Reformation and the Bubonic Plague The Protestant Religions, 1 – 18 The Bubonic Plague, 19 - 21 Copyright 2006; C. Pettinato, RCS High School, All Rights Reserved
2. Causes of the Protestant Reform Movement (Reformation) A. Why were people of the 1400’s and 1500’s questioning the authority the Catholic Church? 1. corruption of the clergy 2. concern with wealth and power 3. preoccupation with worldly possessions 4. preoccupation with worldly pleasures 5. slowness to reform
3. The Story of Martin Luther AAAA. He opposed the selling of indulgences BBBB. He was insulted by Johann Tetzel CCCC. He wrote the “95 Theses” - printed and distributed across Europe DDDD. He was urged to recant - refused EEEE. He began criticizing the tyranny of the church FFFF. He was excommunicated in 1521 GGGG. He hid from Holy Roman Emperor for 1 year
4. Martin Luther
6. Luther’s Teachings AAAA. What were the teachings of Martin Luther? 1111. Salvation could be achieved through faith alone and not by good deeds 2222. The Bible was the sole source of religious truth not cannon law, church councils, or the Pope 3333. Priests had no special powers that believers didn’t have 4444. Rejected 5 of the 7 sacraments 5555. Abolished rituals like the mass HHHHis followers became known as Lutherans
7. John Calvin A. What were the teachings of John Calvin? 1. published Institutes of the Christian Religion. 2. Bible sole source of truth – salvation through faith alone 3. humans by nature were sinful, people either saints or sinners 4. predestination 5. theocracy 6. strict lifestyle
8. Henry VIII – The Church of England 8. Henry VIII – The Church of England A. Also known as the Anglican Church or the Episcopalian Church B. How it was formed: 1. Henry’s desire for an annulment (divorce) 2. Refusal of the Pope 3. Stirred up feelings against the Pope 4. Act of Supremacy (1534) 5. Appointment of Thomas Cranmer 6. Confiscation of monastery and convent lands - excommunication
9. The Evolution of Christianity
10. The Tower of London
11. The Succession of the Tudor’s A. Henry VIII - Anglican B. Edward VI – short reign – Anglican C. Mary Tudor (Mary Queen of the Scots) – a Catholic like her mother Catherine of Aragon, anti-Protestant D. Elizabeth I – a Protestant tolerant of all religions who supported her and England
12. Elizabeth I of England A. How did Elizabeth restore unity to the Protestant and Catholic populations of England (who had become enemies) ? B. How did she secure her own power? C. How did she help England?
13. Other Protestant Religions A. The Presbyterian Church – John Knox B. The Anabaptists – Baptist, Quakers, Mennonites, Amish C. The Methodists
14. The Catholic Response – The Counter Reformation A. Council of Trent 1545 - 1565 B. “Reforms”: 1. faith and good works 2. Bible a major source of truth but not the only source 3. penalties for worldliness and corruption 4. new school for a better educated clergy 5. he Inquisition 6. indulgences are allowed
15. The Inquisition – St Dominic
16. Catholic Reformers A. Ignatius Loyola B. St Theresa of Avila
17. Impact Upon the Non Believers A. How did the Inquisition affect non Christians in Europe? B. How did it affect Jews?
18. Joan of Arc – a Famous “Heretic”
19. The Bubonic Plague A. How and when did the plague spread to Europe? B. What was another name for it? C. What impact did it have on European society? D. Why did people fear it so much?
21. The Bubonic Plague
22. Important Terms and People 1. Protestant 2. Martin Luther 3. Henry Tudor 4. recant 5. John Calvin 6. Anglican Church 7. heretic 8. Catholic Reformation 9. indulgence 10. heresy 11. predestination 12. Inquisition 13. ghetto 14. theocracy 15. annulment 16. Council of Trent 17. Elizabeth I 18. Mary Tudor 19. Bubonic Plague 20. depopulation