4What was life like in Seventeenth century London? Its population had grown from 120,000 to 500,000 in the space of two hundred years!By 1665 nearly one British person in ten lived in London.
5Think! What problems might this cause? London was not a nice place to liveIt was cramped, with maze-like streets.Houses were packed into small spaces and London was full of slum housingLondon was a very dirty place and people threw their rubbish in to the streetsThink! What problems might this cause?
6Why did the plague break out? How do these pictures link together to tell the story of how the plague broke out?
7+ + + + = PNEUMONIC PLAGUE = BUBONIC PLAGUE+++The flea bit the rat. The rat infected the flea. The flea bit the human.+= PNEUMONIC PLAGUEThe infected person coughed near another person who then caught the disease.Copy these into your book Make your drawings simple. Stick people are fine.
8How did the 1665 outbreak happen? Plague broke out in London in the spring of It probably arrived from Holland where there had been plague a few years earlier.The summer of 1665 was extremely hot so the disease spread quickly.The death rate rose rapidly through the summer months.The wealthy, including the King, many doctors and some members of the clergy fled the city.This helped to spread the disease to other parts of the country.
9How did the people of London think the plague spread? The people of London did not know how the plague was spreading, though they had many theories.Foul aircomets,punishments from God,dogs, cats,bad waterThere were many explanations, but none of them were right!
10What did people believe caused the plague? Sent by God to punish us for our sins.The movements of the planets.Were any of these ideas correct?Being close to infected people.Bad smells.
12Think! Why might these actions be good for London? New ideasSome new ideas were tried to tackle the plague.Plague doctors cared for people, and nurses were hired to visit and record the sick.Watchmen kept the sick in their houses so they did not spread the disease. Houses where people were infected were marked with a red cross.Dogs were suspected of carrying plague, About 40,000 dogs and 80,000 cats were culled.Rakers (cleaners) removed the sewerage and rubbish from the streets.Think! Why might these actions be good for London?
14Plague DoctorDraw, label and explain the features of the Plague doctorLeather HatMaskGlass EyeBeakWooden StickLeather GlovesGownFull Length Boots
15The devastation of the Plague 1665 was London’s worse epidemic about 100,000 people died.In the third week of September, 8,297 official plague deaths were reported.
16Extract from Samuel Pepys diary 16 October 1665 But Lord, how empty the streets are, so many poor sick people in the streets, full of sores, and so many sad stories overheard as I walk, everybody talking of this dead, and that man sick, and so many in this place.
17What they thought caused the Plague... Symptoms of the Plague.. TaskImagine that you were alive when the Plague hit London in You must write a diary entry describing what it was like in Plague ridden London.You must write aboutWhat London was like..What they thought caused the Plague...Symptoms of the Plague..The ways they tried to stop the spread (the Plague doctor and watch men)The devastation of the Plague...
18Plenary-Hot seatingI need one volunteer to come to the front of the class and respond to questions from the rest of the classThe rest of the class now need to write down a question (back of your book) to ask our kind volunteer.
19Can you remember the lesson objectives PlenaryCan you remember the lesson objectivesAt the start of the lesson I did not know that.....An important Question I want to ask is......One thing I can tell the other members of the class is
20The plagueLondon had become a busy port and trading centre, so there were often outbreaks of plague.
21The Great Plague Ring a ring a roses, A pocket full of posies, Atishoo,we all fall down.You have probably already learnt about the plague when you were quite young.The nursery rhyme, Ring a Ring a Roses is all about the plague.The words of the rhyme describe the symptoms of the plague.How does this well known nursery rhyme describe the symptoms of the Plague? You have two minutes to discuss in pairs.
22Symptoms of the plague Ring a ring a roses, A pocket full of posies, The ‘ring a roses’ refers to the bleeding under the skin.The ‘pocket full of posies’ refers to the small bags of herbs or flowers that people carried to ward off the plague. Many thought the disease was caused by foul air.The sneezing was a symptom of the disease.‘All fall down’ means that what followed the sneezing was death.Ring a ring a roses,A pocket full of posies,Atishoo,we all fall down.