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1 Beginnings of the Second Great Awakening. 2 Changing Face of the Parish The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious movement marked by the.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Beginnings of the Second Great Awakening. 2 Changing Face of the Parish The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious movement marked by the."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Beginnings of the Second Great Awakening

2 2 Changing Face of the Parish The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious movement marked by the emergence of revivalism and evangelical doctrine. The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious movement marked by the emergence of revivalism and evangelical doctrine. It was a reaction to the intellectualism of the Enlightenment. It was a reaction to the intellectualism of the Enlightenment. Protestant preachers began emerging throughout America, ushering in revivals which saw converts in the thousands. Protestant preachers began emerging throughout America, ushering in revivals which saw converts in the thousands. The Second Great Awakening should be understood in the context of a great migration west as well as a new fascination with the American wilderness. The Second Great Awakening should be understood in the context of a great migration west as well as a new fascination with the American wilderness. Seizing the opportunity for movement, thousands of people began going west, a phenomenon which put considerable strain on the institution of religion. Seizing the opportunity for movement, thousands of people began going west, a phenomenon which put considerable strain on the institution of religion.

3 3 James McGready The Second Great Awaking brought the realization that the notion of the parish had to be reapplied to the changing times. The Second Great Awaking brought the realization that the notion of the parish had to be reapplied to the changing times. James McGready understood this and became instrumental in sparking the Second Great Awakening. James McGready understood this and became instrumental in sparking the Second Great Awakening. McGready hosted what became known as frontier camp meetings McGready hosted what became known as frontier camp meetings Frontier camp meetings were loosely organized church meetings in which preachers delivered informal sermons to large, non- affiliated congregations. Frontier camp meetings were loosely organized church meetings in which preachers delivered informal sermons to large, non- affiliated congregations. Many conversions took place during these camp meetings. Many conversions took place during these camp meetings.

4 4 Cane Ridge Revival Cane Ridge became the site of the largest Protestant revival movement of the time and inspired hundreds of similar revivals to spring up in its wake. Cane Ridge became the site of the largest Protestant revival movement of the time and inspired hundreds of similar revivals to spring up in its wake. The revival was led by Presbyterian preacher Barton Stone. The revival was led by Presbyterian preacher Barton Stone. At any given time 3 or 4 preachers would be delivering sermons. At any given time 3 or 4 preachers would be delivering sermons. Barton Stone later led a movement which would see the splintering of the Presbyterian church known as the Stone- Campbell movement. Barton Stone later led a movement which would see the splintering of the Presbyterian church known as the Stone- Campbell movement. Barton Stone

5 5 Peter Cartwright Peter Cartwright, a Methodist, worked closely in Logan County with James McGready. Peter Cartwright, a Methodist, worked closely in Logan County with James McGready. Cartwright was known for his creative ways to convince the frontier people of his religious commitment. Cartwright was known for his creative ways to convince the frontier people of his religious commitment. Cartwright disliked the idea of universal salvation. Cartwright disliked the idea of universal salvation. He wrote about the Cane Ridge Revival in great detail. He wrote about the Cane Ridge Revival in great detail. He described the ecstatic nature of the Cane Ridge revival, including the emergence of "jerking", a sort of convulsing common during the camp meetings. He described the ecstatic nature of the Cane Ridge revival, including the emergence of "jerking", a sort of convulsing common during the camp meetings.

6 6 David Purviance David Purviance had far reaching influence in the Presbyterian church. David Purviance had far reaching influence in the Presbyterian church. Purviance was moved by the work of James McGready and aimed to replicate his success. Purviance was moved by the work of James McGready and aimed to replicate his success. He was eager to spread his Presbyterian message into politics. He was eager to spread his Presbyterian message into politics. Purviance ran into great difficulty gaining political support due to his strong anti-slavery stance, indicative of rising Protestant liberalism. Purviance ran into great difficulty gaining political support due to his strong anti-slavery stance, indicative of rising Protestant liberalism. Purviance was from Cane Ridge and also wrote on the revival there. Purviance was from Cane Ridge and also wrote on the revival there.

7 7 The Temperance Movement The Protestant revivals led to a great deal of social movements. The Protestant revivals led to a great deal of social movements. The goal of the temperance movement was teach the evils of drinking alcohol. The goal of the temperance movement was teach the evils of drinking alcohol.

8 8 Media Citations Slide 2: g261.jpg Slide 2: g261.jpg g261.jpg g261.jpg Slide 3: Slide 3: Slide 4: Slide 4: Slide 5: bin/getobject_?c.1885:1./lib35/artfl1/databases/sources/IM AGE/ Slide 5: bin/getobject_?c.1885:1./lib35/artfl1/databases/sources/IM AGE/http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/cgi- bin/getobject_?c.1885:1./lib35/artfl1/databases/sources/IM AGE/http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/cgi- bin/getobject_?c.1885:1./lib35/artfl1/databases/sources/IM AGE/ Slide 6: Slide 6: Slide 7: cministry/typetalk.html Slide 7: cministry/typetalk.html cministry/typetalk.html cministry/typetalk.html


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