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St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme REVISION PRESENTATION J5 - part 1 The architecture of a Catholic Church The features of a Catholic Church.

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Presentation on theme: "St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme REVISION PRESENTATION J5 - part 1 The architecture of a Catholic Church The features of a Catholic Church."— Presentation transcript:

1 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme REVISION PRESENTATION J5 - part 1 The architecture of a Catholic Church The features of a Catholic Church What they mean.

2 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  cruciform  modern  Orthodox.

3 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  suffering of Jesus on cross  means of salvation  spire - points to heaven  tower - God is our protector.

4 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  congregation gather round altar  stresses community aspect of worship.

5 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  4 corners - stress equality  4 corners - 4 evangelists  dome - heaven.

6 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  The primary focal point  At Mass - re-enact Last Supper  Reminder of sacrifice and shared meal  By sacrifice of Jesus (Lamb of God) we are redeemed  East wall - Jerusalem/Sun/Resurrection  Candle - Light of the World  Crucifix - suffering of Jesus  White cloth - purity.

7 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  Baptism - Sacrament of Initiation  Near door - welcome  Water - symbol of cleansing of Original Sin  Through water, we are saved  Noah, Moses, Jesus and Peter.

8 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  Contains consecrated hosts (body of Christ) for use in Mass and when visiting sick  Ornate which indicates importance  Sanctuary lamp indicates presence  Cloths reflect liturgical season.

9 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  14 or 15 depictions of Via Dolorosa  Used during Lent  Symbolic journey  Aid to prayer - Remind, Reflect, Respond  Saved through suffering of Jesus - the sacrificial Lamb.

10 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme W Α †  Easter Vigil  Baptism  Exsultet  Resurrection  Alpha and Omega - Revelation 21:6  Incense - 5 wounds - prayers answered.

11 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  Aids to prayer  remind worshippers of special people/saints  encourages worshippers to reflect on how they can emulate the saint  challenges worshippers to respond to the example  ask saints to intercede for themselves, family, society, world  SAINTS are NOT worshipped!!!

12 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme J5 - part 2 The role and function of the Parish priest.

13 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  celebrates the sacraments of baptism, eucharist, marriage, reconciliation  represents Christ at Mass and consecrates the bread and wine  prepares people for baptism, confirmation, 1 st communion, marriage  conducts funerals  will be a Catholic school governor  visits the sick and bereaved

14 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  P reach the Good News that God loves his people - and prepare people for the sacraments  H ands of Jesus and help those in trouble  I nspires and develops the parish community as part of the WBOC and lead the Parish Council  L ight where there is darkness - and love where there is despair (e.g. sickness and bereavement)  Serves the people of the parish through sacraments - he is their shepherd

15 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme J5 - part 3 The role and function of the Church in the Parish.

16 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  The word CHURCH can be applied to both the building and the community (the Parish) which worships there  The CHURCH is the focal point for the worshipping community

17 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  opportunities for worship especially the sacraments - Mass, baptism, confirmation, weddings, funerals and festivals  opportunities to witness - CAFOD, SVP hands of Jesus, light of Christ, be Good News  opportunities for fellowship - social events e.g. youth club, parents and toddlers, senior citizens and family events  opportunities which nurture faith development - learning through Bible study, Sunday School

18 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme J5 - part 4 The reasons for differences in : places of worship forms of worship among Christians.

19 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme Do you need to worship in Church? YES the Church provides the right atmosphere for prayer the building itself helps nurture people in faith e.g. symbolism of features - crucifix is a reminder of the sacrifice of Jesus which won us salvation gathering together builds fellowship and demonstrates commitment gathering together reminds worshippers they are part of the WWBoC (1 Corinthians 12) NO you can worship anytime, anywhere Last Supper (Mark 14) took place in the Upper Room not a church In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus said to pray in private (Matthew 5-7) it's more important to show faith in action rather than worship - remember James 2

20 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme All Christians share the same basic beliefs that :  Jesus was the Son of God  Jesus was crucified and died  Jesus rose from the dead  Jesus will one day come again in judgement.

21 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme However, there are some differences in emphasis which cause Christians to worship differently.

22 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme Should all Christians worship together? YES all Christians share the same basic beliefs we are all part of the Worldwide Body of Christ "We are one body - one body in Christ" (1 Corinthians 12) Galatians 3 - hence we should show that by worshipping together NO it's OK to express different beliefs by having different forms of worship e.g. ……… if Catholics and other Christians worshipped together, their differences in belief regarding transubstantiation would cause hurt if Christians have different beliefs they can't ignore this fact

23 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme

24 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  follows a set pattern of prayers and readings  reflects the belief that God is experienced most powerfully in the SACRAMENTS, particularly the EUCHARIST  PRIMARY FOCAL POINT - the ALTAR

25 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme

26 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  does not follow set pattern  reflects the belief that God is experienced most powerfully in the BIBLE - the inspired Word of God  PRIMARY FOCAL POINTS - LECTERN / PULPIT e.g. SALVATION ARMY and METHODISTS

27 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme

28 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  SPIRIT LED worship which is spontaneous and often joyful and lively - no set pattern  reflects the belief that God is experienced most powerfully in the HOLY SPIRIT  focuses on the charisms (gifts) of speaking in tongues, prophecy, healing and interpretation

29 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  presence of God - BAPTISM  PRIMARY FOCAL POINT - BAPTISTRY  a large pool of water in which believers are fully immersed at Baptism.

30 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme  ICONS can bring them closer in their relationship with God  WINDOWS INTO HEAVEN  many icons in church  light candles in front of them.

31 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme Different beliefs are reflected in church design styles of worship.

32 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme (a) (i) Describe the main features of a particular church or cathedral. (4) (ii) Explain why it has these features. (8) (b) “All Christians should worship together.” Do you agree? Give reasons for your opinion, showing that you have considered another point of view. In your answer, you should refer to Christianity. (8)

33 St. Cuthbert’s R.E. Department Revision Programme


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