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CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council The Census And Alternative Approaches To Measuring Seasonally Occupied Properties in England and Cornwall A Presentation.

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Presentation on theme: "CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council The Census And Alternative Approaches To Measuring Seasonally Occupied Properties in England and Cornwall A Presentation."— Presentation transcript:

1 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council The Census And Alternative Approaches To Measuring Seasonally Occupied Properties in England and Cornwall A Presentation to the British Society for Population Studies Conference, Leicester September 2004 By Malcolm Brown Senior Research and Information Officer Chief Executive’s Department Cornwall County Council

2 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council The Presentation History of Seasonal Propertiy SurveysHistory of Seasonal Propertiy Surveys DefinitionsDefinitions TrendsTrends Confusion About 2001 Census ResultsConfusion About 2001 Census Results New Possible Information SourcesNew Possible Information Sources

3 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council Before the 1981 Census Some Regional/Local Studies Some Regional/Local Studies Some Universities Interested Some Universities Interested Inferences from Vacant Dwellings and Absent Households in Census Inferences from Vacant Dwellings and Absent Households in Census No National Statistics No National Statistics South West Economic Planning Council Survey 1973 South West Economic Planning Council Survey 1973

4 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council 1973 South West Survey QuantitativeQuantitative –Estimated second homes by parish –Estimated summer lets by district QualitativeQualitative –Time spent at second home –Reasons for purchase –Location of main residence –Facilities at second home –Expenditure and Improvements Mainland Cornwall ResultsMainland Cornwall Results –3940 Second Homes –3645 Summer Lets

5 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council 1981 Census Definitions Six Categories of Unoccupied Accommodation 1.Vacant New, Never Occupied 2.Vacant Under Improvement 3.Vacant Other 4.Absent Households 5.Second Residences 6.Holiday Accommodation

6 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council 1981 Census Second Residences Premises such as company flats, holiday houses and weekend cottagesPremises such as company flats, holiday houses and weekend cottages In permanent buildingsIn permanent buildings Known to be the second residences of people who had a more permanent address elsewhereKnown to be the second residences of people who had a more permanent address elsewhere Include premises occasionally let to othersInclude premises occasionally let to others Holiday Accommodation Accommodation in permanent buildings let to different occupiersAccommodation in permanent buildings let to different occupiers

7 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council Issues with Data Collection Classification by Enumerators not always easy Usually based on visual observation or neighbours not direct contact Distinctions between Second Residences and Holiday Accommodation not always clear or consistent Even in Post Enumeration Survey 4 of every 5 based on observation or inspection 3 of every 4 classifications of Unoccupied Accommodation correct Treatment of chalet sites complicated

8 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council Accuracy of the 1981 Census Census Second Residences 81% Second Residences 81 % Second Residences or Holiday Accommodation 10% Absent Households Census Holiday Accommodation 69% Holiday Accommodation 90%Holiday Accommodation or Second Residences Seasonal Properties Overall should have been 11 not 9% of Unoccupied Accommodation

9 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council 1991 Census Definitions broadly the same as 1981 Student Accommodation category added Absent Households treated as a category of households with residents and divided Enumerated and Imputed

10 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council 2001 Census Household Spaces with No Residents Reduced to Two Categories:Household Spaces with No Residents Reduced to Two Categories: Second Residences/Holiday Accommodation Not differentiated at enumerationNot differentiated at enumeration Includes all visitor householdsIncludes all visitor households Still based on information provided by enumeratorsStill based on information provided by enumerators Vacant Household Spaces Identified by enumerators as absents, refusals or non- returns but not subsequently imputedIdentified by enumerators as absents, refusals or non- returns but not subsequently imputed Change to Post back SystemChange to Post back System Foot and Mouth outbreakFoot and Mouth outbreak

11 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council Trends in Number of Seasonal Properties Area198119912001 England and Wales 143500146600150700 South West 349003750038400 Greater London 1104001540015800 Wales226001900015500 Cornwall130001155010500

12 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council Trends in Number of Seasonal Properties (2) 1991-2001 45 English Counties and Former Counties Seasonal Properties up in 35Seasonal Properties up in 35 Some very big numerical increasesSome very big numerical increases CumbriaDevonSuffolk 140013001000 Some very big proportional increases from small basesSome very big proportional increases from small bases NorthamptonshireLeicesterHertfordshire 807761 Two very big decreasesTwo very big decreases East SussexCornwall 11001000

13 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council Trends in Seasonal Properties (3) The 30 Top 1991 Districts 1991 to 2001 Seasonal Properties up in 16, down in 141991 to 2001 Seasonal Properties up in 16, down in 14 Three London Councils up in 2 down in 1Three London Councils up in 2 down in 1 Coastal Councils up in 12 down in 10Coastal Councils up in 12 down in 10 Inland Councils up in 3 down in 2Inland Councils up in 3 down in 2 Some extraordinary changesSome extraordinary changes South Hams 3200 → 4500 Blackpool 2500 → 300 Caradon 2000 → 1400

14 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council Tentative Conclusions (1) Second homes becoming more significant everywhereSecond homes becoming more significant everywhere More complex lifestyles for more peopleMore complex lifestyles for more people More difficult to say where the “second home” is?More difficult to say where the “second home” is? Concentrations still in some holiday/retirement areas and LondonConcentrations still in some holiday/retirement areas and London Very different patters of change in different similar areas 1991 – 2001Very different patters of change in different similar areas 1991 – 2001 Census statistics not necessarily low but probably are in some areasCensus statistics not necessarily low but probably are in some areas

15 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council Tentative Conclusions (2) and Lessons for 2011 Inexplicable variations pose major questions about 2001 results – more research neededInexplicable variations pose major questions about 2001 results – more research needed Was enumeration especially in rural areas done hard enough?Was enumeration especially in rural areas done hard enough? Would post out and post back in 2011 make things even less certain?Would post out and post back in 2011 make things even less certain? Campaign for better enumeration of household spaces in 2011?Campaign for better enumeration of household spaces in 2011? Develop other data sources before 2011Develop other data sources before 2011 Strengthens the case for multiple population definitionsStrengthens the case for multiple population definitions

16 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council Other Possible Sources of Second Homes Intelligence Council Tax RecordsCouncil Tax Records New DevelopmentsNew Developments PerceptionsPerceptions SurveysSurveys Parish PlansParish Plans Tourism SurveysTourism Surveys Housing SurveysHousing Surveys

17 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council Council Tax Records Government Statistics for 43 South West Councils 27 of them more Council Tax Second Homes than Census Seasonal Properties27 of them more Council Tax Second Homes than Census Seasonal Properties 23 of the 43 have the highest concentration of seasonal properties23 of the 43 have the highest concentration of seasonal properties 35950Council Tax Second Homes 13585Census Possible Second Homes Indicative onlyIndicative only

18 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council

19 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council

20 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council New Developments Becoming Second Homes Developing Work by Restormel Borough Council Checking addresses Council Tax bills sent to for new propertiesChecking addresses Council Tax bills sent to for new properties 2000 – 2003 Minimum figures2000 – 2003 Minimum figures Restormel 129/2213 5.8% Newquay36/5306.8% Mevagissey26/4459.1% Fowey21/11019.1%

21 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council Perceptions Survey of Parish Council Perceptions of Second Home Numbers 44/211 responded (20.8%)44/211 responded (20.8%) 37 thought the % was more than Census rate37 thought the % was more than Census rate Figures withinFigures within Average PercentageAverage Percentage 5%10%20%30%40% More than 40% 1969712 CensusPerceptions10.219.8

22 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council New Surveys (1) Multi Disciplinary Research Partnership Established – Lead Partners Rural Community CouncilRural Community Council 1 University1 University 2 Colleges2 Colleges County CouncilCounty Council A quantitative and qualitative survey of holiday homes and their owners in Cornish rural communities

23 CENSUS 2001 Cornwall County Council New Surveys (2) Detailed brief being worked up and funding being soughtDetailed brief being worked up and funding being sought Detailed field work in selected communitiesDetailed field work in selected communities Key Aims More accurate quantification of second homes and their spatial distributionMore accurate quantification of second homes and their spatial distribution Profile of ownersProfile of owners Socio-cultural contextSocio-cultural context Economic influencesEconomic influences Social and planning responsesSocial and planning responses


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