REFLECTION What is your understanding of Church? Who is the Church? What is the function of the Church?
BUZZ GROUPS In your understanding and experience, are there differences between the Catholic Church and other churches? If there are differences what are they?
CHURCH HOW CAN YOU, AS PARISH PASTORAL COUNCIL, HELP YOUR PARISH COMMUNITY TO: COME TO A DEEPER UNDERSTANDING OF ITSELF AS CONSTITUTED BY THE HOLY SPIRIT, FORMING THE BODY OF CHRIST (ONE BODY WITH MANY PARTS) (UNITY IN DIVERSITY) BEING THE “PEOPLE OF GOD” WHO ARE TO BE INTERRELATED AND INDEPENDENT ON EACH OTHER?
CHURCH HOW CAN YOU, AS PARISH PASTORAL COUNCIL, HELP YOUR PARISH COMMUNITY TO: EVANGELISE ITSELF ? EVANGELISE OTHERS ?
SESSION TWO THE NATURE, MEMBERS AND FUNCTION OF THE CHURCH
GROUP WORK : GROUP ONE Lumen Gentium Chapter 1: the mystery of the Church. Explain what you mean by the words: Mystery Sign Sacrament Make a summary of the main points of the paragraphs
GROUP WORK : GROUP TWO Rom 12: 3-21 1 Cor 12: 12-31 Eph 4: 1-16 Lumen Gentium Paragraph 7
GROUP WORK : GROUP TWO What does Paul say that members of the Christian communities form? Who or what is the source of their unity? What are the consequences of this unity? Are there similarities between the Bible texts and 7 of Lumen Gentium? What would you consider are concrete implications of this image of the Church?
GROUP WORK : GROUP THREE Romans 9:23-26 Hebrews 8:10 1 Pt 2:9-10 Lumen Gentium Paragraphs 9 - 10
GROUP WORK : GROUP THREE What similarities are there between the Bible texts and the paragraph from Vatican II? What would you consider to be some of the implications of the image of the Church as “People of God” according to Vatican II? How can your own community live the reality of this image of the Church?
GROUP WORK : GROUP FOUR Decree on Church Missionary Activity (Ad Gentes Divinitus) ; Paragraph 1 and 2 Apostolic Exhortation (Evangelii Nuntiandi); paragraphs 15, 18 and 19
GROUP WORK : GROUP FOUR Explain what missionary / evangelisation mean. Make a summary of the main points of the paragraphs.
MYSTERY Denotes something hidden, beyond merely human, which can only be known fully if it is revealed by a superior power.
SIGN Something that points beyond itself. It leads to some other thing or reality extrinsic to itself.
SACRAMENT It is a symbol or symbolic action. It represents something through which something other than itself is incarnated or encountered. Unlike sign, sacrament does not merely point beyond itself or lead to something or someone else. It embodies and mediates that which it symbolizes or represents.
CHURCH AS MYSTERY Church is not merely earthly or human reality. It is not something of human intention. It is not something of human fabrication. It is not a human institution.
CHURCH AS MYSTERY It is divine reality inserted into human history and cannot be fully captured by human thought and language. Its origin is divine, making it a mystery. The Church is a sacrament – a sign and instrument of communion with God and of the unity of the entire human race.
CHURCH AS THE BODY OF CHRIST One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic, Roman Church The Mystical Body of Jesus Christ “Body of Christ” Life of grace Sharing the life of Christ & one another Relational experience - sharing
CHURCH AS THE BODY OF CHRIST By communicating his Spirit... Christ made them mystically into His own body. INTER-RELATIONSHIP WITH: CONCERN FOR: INTERDEPENDENCE ON: ONE ANOTHER
CHURCH AS THE “PEOPLE OF GOD” People of God of the new covenant established by Christ Community filled with the Spirit of Christ: LIGHT CHARITY TRUTH INSTRUMENT OF SALVATION
CHURCH AS THE “PEOPLE OF GOD” People are Chosen race Royal priesthood Holy nation A purchased people
CHURCH AS THE “PEOPLE OF GOD” Connecting to and relating with others who make up this people A social or communitarian dimension : INTER-DEPENDENCE INTER-ACTION COMMUNION A COMMUNION OF COMMUNITIES
CHURCH AS THE “PEOPLE OF GOD” SMALL “CHRISTIAN” COMMUNITIES ARE GROUNDED IN SCRIPTURE AND THEOLOGY LIVE THE CONSEQUENCES OF ACCEPTANCE OF THE GOOD NEWS PERSONAL RELATIONSHIP WITH EACH OTHER LOVE, TRUST, ACCEPTANCE, SHARING AND SECURITY
CHURCH EXISTS TO EVANGELISE MISSION / EVANGELISATION: TO BRING THE GOSPEL MESSAGE – LOVE, HOPE, SALVATION, TO ALL PEOPLE. PROCLAIM THE GOSPEL MAKE DISCIPLES OF ALL NATIONS
CHURCH EXISTS TO EVANGELISE THOSE WHO ACCEPT THE GOOD NEWS NOT JUST CHURCHGOERS FAITH IS INTEGRAL AND INSEPARABLE PART OF LIFE AFFECTING JUDGEMENT DETERMINING VALUES PROVIDING POINTS OF INTEREST GUIDING LINES OF THOUGHT SOURCES OF INSPIRATION MODELS OF LIFE
How can you, the PPC, help you parish community to : UNDERSTAND ITSELF AS PEOPLE OF GOD FORMING THE BODY OF CHRIST CONSTITUTED BY THE HOLY SPIRIT ? EVANGELISE ITSELF ? (MISSIO AD INTRA) EVANGELISE OTHERS ? (MISSIO AD EXTRA)
RECALL MODULE ONE WHAT IS THE CHURCH ? WHO IS THE CHURCH ? WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE CHURCH ?
BRAINSTORM WHAT IS YOUR EXPERIENCE AS LAY FAITHFUL IN THE CHURCH ? WHAT IS YOUR ROLE IN THE CHURCH ? WHAT IS YOUR UNDERSTANDING OF CO- RESPONSIBILITY ? WHAT IS YOUR EXPERIENCE OF CO- RESPONSIBILITY BETWEEN THE LAY FAITHFUL AND THE CLERGY IN THE CHURCH ?
SESSION TWO THE IDENTITY AND ROLE OF THE LAY FAITHFUL AND CO- RESPONSIBILITY BETWEEN THE ORDAINED AND NON- ORDAINED
GROUP WORK : GROUP 1 Christfideles laici Chapter 1 : Who are the lay faithful ? Explain what you understand about lay faithful from the text and summarise the main points.
GROUP WORK : GROUP 2 Vatican II, Decree on the Apostolate of Lay People Christfideles laici, Chapter 1 : Sharers in the Priestly, Prophetic and Kingly Mission of Jesus Christ Explain what you understand from the texts about lay faithful being sharers in the priestly, prophetic and kingly mission of Christ and summarise the main points.
GROUP WORK : GROUP 3 Christfideles laici Chapter 2 : Ministries and Charisms, the Spirit’s Gifts to the Church and the Ministries Derived from Holy Orders Explain what you understand about Ministries and Charisms from the texts and summarise the main points.
GROUP WORK : GROUP 4 Vatican II, The Vocation of Lay People to the Apostolate Christfideles laici Chapter 2 : The Ministries, Offices and Roles of the Lay Faithful Explain what you understand from the texts about ministries, offices and roles of the lay faithful and summarise the main points.
TWO GROUPS STUDY AND DISCUSS 1. Chapter 1 of “We are Church – the pastoral directive of the SACBC - summarise the main points. 2. Chapter 2 of “We are Church – the pastoral directive of the SACBC - summarise the main points.
REVIEW What is leadership and who is a leader ? What are some of the characteristics of a good leader ? What are the characteristics of a bad leader ? What kind of leadership styles do you know ?
LEADERSHIP It is a quality It is to do with taking initiative The practice of leading others An art of understanding A group of leading people An art or technique of leading
LEADER Head of the group Someone who guides Someone who can empower & know the goal Director Someone who can help the group A trustworthy person Someone who is capable of leading others Someone who is responsible for the group
CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD LEADER Humble Listening Patient Open Loving Accepting Responsible Thinking Available Sincere Considerate Supportive Friendly Courageous Caring Last to speak Honest Person with initiative
CHARACTERISTICS OF A BAD LEADER Does not care Bossy Selfish Jack of all trades Impatient Discouraging Always complaining Proud Bad listener Choosy Always right
SESSION TWO QUALITIES AND IMAGES OF LEADERSHIP IN SCRIPTURE
GROUP WORK : GROUP ONE EXODUS 18 : 13-26 What characteristics of Moses’ leadership are described in the passage ? List two lessons on leadership you have learnt from this passage.
GROUP WORK : GROUP TWO Matthew 20 : 20-28 Is the request of Zededee’s wife a strange or common one ? Give reasons for your answer. Were the disciples justified in their anger ? Give reasons for your answer. What leadership lesson did Jesus teach in this passage ?
GROUP WORK : GROUP THREE Romans 12 : 1 – 8 To whom is Paul addressing this message ? What is Paul’s idea of leadership ? List elements of good leadership found in the text. Using Paul’s image of body, in which way could we say that each member of a group performs a leadership function at one time or another ?
GROUP WORK : GROUP FOUR Romans 8 : 28 – 30 What can you do to help those who play the most important leadership roles in the community to be people of high Christian values ? Give reasons for your answer.
CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP Seeks to be of service, rather than to dominate Encourages and inspires; Respects rather than exploits other people’s personalities ; Reflects, prays and acts on Jesus Christ’s words, “Whoever wishes to be the first among you shall be your servant, even as the Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” (Mt. 20:27)
CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP Leadership is selfless service – a call to serve ; No one is a leader without others – ‘Kgosi ke kgosi ka batho’ ; Christian leadership requires vision and mission.
CHARACTERISTICS OF CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP AFTER THE EXAMPLE OF JESUS VISION MISSION AND PURPOSE VALUES LOVE UNITY SERVICE GIVING FAITH JOY PRAYER WITNESS
CHARACTERISTICS OF CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP AFTER THE EXAMPLE OF JESUS Character : Humility Inner strength Abiding relationship with God / Jesus
BIBLICAL IMAGES OF LEADERSHIP : LEADER AS A SERVANT Servant : service, support and empowerment Servant-leadership begins with the mind and heart Servant-leader is humble in spirit Servant-leader places service to others above personal gain Servant-leader builds rather than tears down Servant-leader suffers and makes sacrifices for others Servant-leader understands mutual relationship of caring
BIBLICAL IMAGES OF LEADERSHIP : LEADER AS SHEPHERD Knows his / her sheep Is present and available to the sheep Leads from the front Is courageous and daring Guides and directs Shows concern for straying or lost sheep Has spirit of self-sacrifice
BIBLICAL IMAGES OF LEADERSHIP : LEADER AS STEWARD A person of integrity – trustworthy and honest A person who is truthful and speaks the truth A person who is just and acts justly A person who is caring and cares for others A person who builds trust and loyalty A transparent person who doe not live a duplicitous or manipulative life.
A GOOD CHRISTIAN LEADER Leads by serving Leads by caring Leds as one who takes care of others
CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD LEADERSHIP Dedication to the achievement of certain definite goals or objectives Ability to motivate others to work towards achieving the goal
Qualities of true leaders They have a dream they are determined to carry out They are people of action –translate the dream into reality
Leadership as Process Leadership as Science Leadership as Art Functions of leadership: Why lead the people ? THREE AREAS OF NEEDS To accomplish a common task To remain a cohesive social unity To satisfy the needs of the individual members
KEY FUNCTIONS OF EFFECTIVE LEADERS Ensure that the required task gets carried out Meet the needs of the groups for teamwork and team morale Develop and satisfy individual needs within the group
ACHIEVING THE TASK Determine the objective Plan necessary activities Organize Work out timetable Clarify responsibilities and accountabilities Maintain channels of communication Develop cooperation Establish control pints Determine when to review progress Resolve problems, determine remedial action and make necessary adjustments
What is your understanding of the word “pastoral” ? What is your understanding of Parish Pastoral Council ? What is your experience of Parish Pastoral Council ? What other councils do you know and how do they differ from the PPC ?
THE MEANING OF PARISH PARISH PRIEST THE MEANING OF PASTORAL THE MEANING OF COUNCIL PARISH PASTORAL COUNCIL CANON 536 # 1 PARISH FINANCE COMMITTEE CANON 537 AND 532 DEANERY ARCHDIOCESAN PASTORAL COUNCIL
VATICAN II : DECREE ON THE PASTORAL OFFICE OF THE BISHOP, CHRISTUS DOMINUS, #27 VATICAN II : DECREE ON THE APOSTOLATE OF THE LAY PEOPLE, APOSTOLICAM ACTUOSITATEM #26 CANON 511 CANON 512 # 1 CANON 512 #2 CANON 512 #3 CANON 513 #1 AND #2 CANON 514 #1 AND #2 GROUP WORK
SESSION FOUR PASTORAL PLANNING AND THE PASTORAL CYCLE
THE MEANING OF PLANNING KNOW REFLECT FORSEE ORGANISE CONTINUOUS BRIDGES GAP FROM WHERE PEOPLE ARE TO WHERE LEADER WANTS THEM TO BE ANSWERS PLANNED IN ADVANCE WHAT –WHY- WHERE- WHEN -WHO -AND HOW
PASTORAL PLANNING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CHURCH AND MANKIND IMAGINE A BETTER FUTURE PRACTICAL STEPS TO ACHIEVE THAT FUTURE SHAPING THE FUTURE OF THE ARCHDIOCESE, DEANERY, OR PARISH
WHERE HAVE WE COME FROM AND WHERE ARE WE RIGHT NOW ? COLLECT INFORMATION ABOUT CURRENT SITUATION EVALUATE PICTUR WHICH EMERGES FROM ANALYSIS WHOM DO WE SERVE ? WHAT DO WE AIM TO ACHIEVE ? HOW DO WE USE OUR PEOPLE AND RESOURCES ? HOW EFFECTIVE ARE WE ? WHAT ARE THE “SIGNS OF THE TIMES “ TO WHICH WE SHOULD BE RESPONDING ?
WHERE DO WE WANT TO BE AT ? VISION Who do we want to be serving in the future ? What key opportunities will we have taken up in 3 or 4 years ? What future are we being called to as a faith community ? What will that future be like ?
Goals and strategies What are the actions or steps that will achieve our goals ? What are the resources we need in order to take these actions ?