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NGO work with the implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Finland Hannele Ahponen Water project coordinator Finnish Association for Nature Conservation.

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Presentation on theme: "NGO work with the implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Finland Hannele Ahponen Water project coordinator Finnish Association for Nature Conservation."— Presentation transcript:

1 NGO work with the implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Finland Hannele Ahponen Water project coordinator Finnish Association for Nature Conservation Gliwice, 17/1/2008

2 Facts about Finland's waters lakes over 5 are km rivers km coastline Lakes are shallow and small, coastal waters are shallow and closed -> vulnerable for eutrofication Nutrients from our own rivers and lakes the biggest problem in coastal waters Lot of settlement and agriculture on the coastal area New settlement, salting and chemical accidents are threat for groundwater Only about 2% of small waters like streams are in natural condition in southern Finland

3 Water quality Source:Finnish Environment Institute Lakes Rivers Coastal waters Excellent GoodSatisfactory Bad Tolerable

4 Sources of Phosphorus Source:Finnish Environment Institute Agriculture Scattered settlement Forestry Deposit Settlement Pulp and paper industry 4,4 % Fishery Fur animal farming Other industry Peat production

5 Sources of Nitrogen Source:Finnish Environment Institute Agriculture Deposit Settlement Forestry Scattered settlement Pulp and paper industry 3,3 % Other industry Fishery Peat production Fur animal farming

6 Implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Finland 7 river basin districts 2 international river basin districts (1 with Sweden and 1 with Norway)‏ Ahvenanmaa Island works independently Regional environmental center coordinates the work in every river basin district

7 Implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Finland - Timetable * Good ecological status of all waters2015 * Measures start * Work program for years * River basin management plans approved by government2009 * Draft river basin management plans Public Consultation 2008 * Significant water management issues Public Consultation 2007 * Timetable and work program of river basin management plan Public Consultation * Programs for monitoring of surface and ground water status 2006 * River basin district characterization (Article 5 report)‏ * Cooperation with stakeholders in national level starts 2005

8 Implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Finland Stakeholder co-operation groups One or more groups in every river basin district Main stakeholders: communities, fishing authorities, industry, hydropower industry, agriculture and forestry, environmental NGO´s Participation in preparation of river basin management plans Sectoral working groups (agriculture, heavily modified waters etc)‏ Public participation Consultations (2006, 2007,2008)‏ Information: Internet, public information meetings, media

9 NGO work in the Implementation of WFD Participation in the national law drafting committee regarding WFD Participation in the WFD Working Group of EEB (European Environmental Bureau) Statements /comments about consultations, national guidance documents, program for monitoring of water status Members in every co-operation group in river basin districts Training / education for our members in the cooperation groups –Preparation of instructions for programs of measures –Seminars

10 NGO work in the Implementation of WFD Participation in pilot projects in river basin districts Report / investigation about public participation and the stakeholder cooperation (2006) – Questionnaires for regional environmental centres and for NGO members of the cooperation groups – +Three regional reports

11 Performance of Finland in the Implementation of WFD Long tradition of water management and protection and stakeholder co- operation –some cooperation groups for biggest rivers and lakes existed before WFD NGO's participate / involved in all stages of WFD Regional environmental centres do good work in spite of the lack of resources

12 Performance of Finland in the Implementation of WFD Article 5 report: River basin characterization – only the biggest waters (lakes over 40 km 2 and river basins over 1000 km 2 ) in the repot to EU, the smaller in “national part” of the report > different status –in river basin management plans lakes over 5 km 2 and river basins over 200 km 2 –Economical analysis / Water services (only water supply and waste water treatment)‏

13 Performance of Finland in the Implementation of WFD The preparation of ecological classification is not ready for the management plans > not enough information about ecological status of waters Arrangement of public participation is only minimum Not enough resources (money and working stuff) for WFD work

14 Performance of Finland in the Implementation of WFD Biggest problems in the preparation of programmes of measures: Agriculture and how to reduce nutrient load – EU legislation (CAP)‏ Climate change and it's effects to nutrient load Heavily modified waters (hydropower, dams) – What WFD can do? –WFD management plans > ground for modification of legislation (water law and the old permits of hydropower)‏

15 Information /communication Information have ben targeted mainly for stakeholders / cooperation groups Information about WFD haven´ t reached the general public Consultation Only few feedback from general public in the first consultation (Timetable and work program of river basin management plan)‏ Information about consultation not sufficient – the issue is not interesting for general public and media – the level of the planning is too general compared to ordinary people's worry about the stage of the local waters and nature Investigation about public participation and the stakeholder cooperation in 2006

16 Co-operation croups Role is mainly information forum: Only few meetings per year, big size of the group, not communicative, not clear rules how to take account different opinions in the river basin management plan Sub groups or working groups good Some results of the report

17 Enough resources For participation and other WFD work of environmental authorities Also for environmental NGO’s Improve the participation of stakeholders Sub-groups, working groups and workshops – already established in almost all river basin districts Participation of general public Enough information spreading. Concrete, close to public, interactive. Consultation material “easy” enough. - Some public meetings and questionnaires already organized. Assessment of participation Some seminars and special working groups organized. Another assessment report after first cycle of WFD How to make the participation work:

18 Thank you! Contact information: Hannele Ahponen Finnish Association for Nature Conservation


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