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Identify how elements are arranged on the Periodic Table. F Fluorine 18.998 atu 9 How many particles in the nucleus? Protons? Neutrons? Electrons? Now.

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Presentation on theme: "Identify how elements are arranged on the Periodic Table. F Fluorine 18.998 atu 9 How many particles in the nucleus? Protons? Neutrons? Electrons? Now."— Presentation transcript:

1 Identify how elements are arranged on the Periodic Table. F Fluorine atu 9 How many particles in the nucleus? Protons? Neutrons? Electrons? Now draw an Fluorine atom (on your own notebook paper)!!

2 + n n n n nn n n n n FLUORINE ATOM

3 Identify how elements are arranged on the Periodic Table. O Oxygen atu 8 How many particles in the nucleus? Protons? Neutrons? Electrons? Now draw an Oxygen atom (on your own notebook paper)!!

4 + n n n n nn n n OXYGEN ATOM

5 Finding something in a mixed-up group OR Finding something when it’s organized?

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9 Discuss at your table: How could you organize the elements into an easy to use format? Would you organize them in ABC order? Would you organize them by atomic #? What other ways can you think of?

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11 Use the words from this Word Bank to fill in the missing information: families, groups, atomic number, elements, periods elements groupsperiodsatomic # families

12 Use the words from this Word Bank to fill in the missing information: families, groups, atomic number, elements, periods

13 metalloids nonmetals metals Liquid Gas Make your periodic table match this one! Groups/Families Periods

14 Group Period 1 1H1H 2 He He 2 3 Li Li 4 Be Be 5B5B 6C6C 7N7N 8O8O 9F9F 10 Ne Ne 3 11 Na Na 12 Mg Mg 13 Al Al 14 Si Si 15 P P 16 S S 17 Cl Cl 18 Ar Ar 4 19 K K 20 Ca Ca 21 Sc Sc 22 Ti Ti 23 V V 24 Cr Cr 25 Mn Mn 26 Fe Fe 27 Co Co 28 Ni Ni 29 Cu Cu 30 Zn Zn 31 Ga Ga 32 Ge Ge 33 As As 34 Se Se 35 Br Br 36 Kr Kr 5 37 Rb Rb 38 Sr Sr 39 Y Y 40 Zr Zr 41 Nb Nb 42 Mo Mo 43 Tc Tc 44 Ru Ru 45 Rh Rh 46 Pd Pd 47 Ag Ag 48 Cd Cd 49 In In 50 Sn Sn 51 Sb Sb 52 Te Te 53 I I 54 Xe Xe 6 55 Cs Cs 56 Ba Ba * 71 Lu Lu 72 Hf Hf 73 Ta Ta 74 W W 75 Re Re 76 Os Os 77 Ir Ir 78 Pt Pt 79 Au Au 80 Hg Hg 81 Tl Tl 82 Pb Pb 83 Bi Bi 84 Po Po 85 At At 86 Rn Rn 7 87 Fr Fr 88 Ra Ra* 103 Lr Lr 104 Rf Rf 105 Db Db 106 Sg Sg 107 Bh Bh 108 Hs Hs 109 Mt Mt 110 Ds Ds 111 Rg Rg 112 Uub Uub 113 Uut Uut 114 Uuq Uuq 115 Uup Uup 116 Uuh Uuh 117 Uus Uus 118 Uuo Uuo *Lanthanoids * 57 La La 58 Ce Ce 59 Pr Pr 60 Nd Nd 61 Pm Pm 62 Sm Sm 63 Eu Eu 64 Gd Gd 65 Tb Tb 66 Dy Dy 67 Ho Ho 68 Er Er 69 Tm Tm 70 Yb Yb **Actinoids* 89 Ac Ac 90 Th Th 91 Pa Pa 92 U U 93 Np Np 94 Pu Pu 95 Am Am 96 Cm Cm 97 Bk Bk 98 Cf Cf 99 Es Es 100 Fm Fm 101 Md Md 102 No No

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16 As you read the periodic table from left to right and top to bottom, the elements are arranged by their atomic number. Hydrogen, on the upper left corner, has the atomic number 1. As you look at the elements in a row (called a period) or in a column (called a group or family) the elements' properties change in predictable ways.periodic table

17 Periodic Table Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Boron Family Carbon Family Nitrogen Family Oxygen Family Halogens Noble Gases Group 1 Group 2 Group 13Group 14Group 15Group 16Group 17 Group 18 Period 1 1 ring Period 2 2 rings Period 3 3 rings

18 Periodic Table Hydrogen 1 Helium 4 Lithium 7 Beryllium 9 Boron 11 Carbon 12 Nitrogen 14 Oxygen 16 Fluorine 19 Neon 20 Sodium 23 Magnesium 2 4 Aluminum 27 Silicon 28 Phosphorus 31 Chlorine 35 Argon 40 Sulfur 32 Group 1 Group 2Group 13Group 14Group 15Group 16Group 17 Group 18 1 P 0 N 2 P 2 N 3 P 4 N 4 P 5 N 5 P 6 N 6 P 6 N 7 P 7 N 8 P 8 N 9 P 10 N 10 P 10 N 11 P 12 N 12 P 12 N 13 P 14 N 14 P 14 N 15 P 16 N 16 P 16 N 17 P 18 N 18 P 22 N Atomic weight or mass Atomic number

19 Periodic Table Notes The elements in the first column all have 1 electron in their outer shell. The elements in the second column all have 2 electrons in their outer shell. The elements in the third column all have 3 electrons in their outer shell. This pattern continues which means that element groups have similar properties and bond in predictable ways.

20 TEXTBOOK WORK Work with your partner Use pages AND this powerpoints or your notes to answer the worksheet questions.

21 Website Click the link below & choose RUN IN HTML5 You can choose any of 3 choices atom

22 Website Click the link below & then click LAUNCH ps07.sci.phys.matter.theatom/the-atom/ Now try this more challenging website & click on ATOM BUILDER ACTIVITY **Hint: Use “The Atom Builder Guide” links at bottom of page for help

23 Interactive Periodic Table Game CLICK ON PICTURE:

24 1.The black zigzag line… separates the metals from the non metals. 2._____ elements are gases? 3._____ elements are liquids? 4. Most elements are solid __________. 5. A “group” of elements, 6. A “period” is… 7. There are ____ nonmetals? 8. There are ____ metalloids? Name: Date: Period: Read pages to answer these questions: 12 2 metals also called a “family “ found in columns. They share similar properties. a horizontal row with atoms having the same number of rings. 17 8


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