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Presentation on theme: "REGISTRATION OF RUMINANT FEEDS BY SIYABONGA MBAMBO."— Presentation transcript:


2 CONCERPTS “additive” means any intentionally added substance to feedstuffs, premixes, feed or food, not normally consumed as feed by itself when in combination with other substances, whether or not it has a direct or indirect nutritional value and is not classified as a medicine or an essential nutrient, which affects the characteristics of feedstuffs, feed, food, animal products, animal production or animal performance and is generally recognized or proven to be safe under the conditions of its intended use; “analysis certificate” means a certificate issued by an accredited laboratory that indicates the complete chemical and/or physical composition of the particular product as required by the Registrar; be accompanied by a certificate of analyses for the product which was obtained in the current year of application for registration; “guaranteed analysis” means the stated minimum and/or maximum nutrient value of animal feed; “ingredient statement” means a collective and contiguous listing on the label of the feedstuffs of which the farm feed is composed; 2

3 LISTING OF RAW MATERIAL List raw materials REG 21(1)(a)(VI) Individual List Fish meal, meat and bone meal, Lucerne, acid oil Ingredient groups Animal protein products Fish meal, meat and bone meal Oils and fats Acid oil, fish oil, vegetable oil Forage products Lucerne, Straw, hay Additives (Active and Activity %) Does not include medication 3

4 MEDICATION Medicated Non-medicated Or both Labels for each Medicated label Additional tag –lists medication Active and Activity Level i.e. 200 ppm 4

5 GAURANTEED ANALYSES MANDATORY Crude protein Protein ex NPN % Moisture Crude fat Crude fibre Calcium Phosphorus Copper (SHEEP) ADDITIONAL GUARANTEES ME(Cattle/Sheep) Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Thiamine, Riboflavin, Biotin Folic Acid, Pantothenic Acid, Niacin, Choline Selenium, Magnesium, Sulphur, Potassium, Sodium, Chlorine, Iron, Copper, Manganese Zinc, Cobalt,Iodine, Selenium, Molybdenum, Flourine, Aluminium 5

6 MILK REPLACER Crude protein Lysine Moisture Crude fat Crude fibre Calcium Phosphorus Ph (where applicable) Starch 6

7 NPN % IN THE CONCENTRATE NPN (Urea 2.87 X Incl Level g/kg)/ total Protein Amm. sulphate 1.33 Uric Acid 2.08 Amm. Chloride 1.64 Biuret 2.30 Urea Phosphate 1.33 Ammonium 5.15 Mon-amm. Phosphate 0.625 7

8 GENERIC NPN LABELLING TABLE 12 Applicable to all feeds 1.Vinegar is an effective remedy against NPN poisoning. Mix with an equal amount of water. Dose half a bottle per calf or large sheep or 2-4 bottles per head of cattle. (1 bottle = 750 ml) 2. Protect this farm feed against rain. NPN is soluble and animals drinking such a solution could be poisoned. 3. Do not feed this farm feed indiscriminately with other NPN containing farm feeds. Consult an animal scientist. 8

9 SPECIFIC NPN LABELLING Concentrates 4. Mix this concentrate thoroughly with the prescribed ingredients. Finisher feeds 5. Adaptation : Limit the intake of the finisher feed to approximately 1% of the animals live mass during the first week in order to prevent digestive disturbances. 6. Finisher feeds are fed ad lib with adequate roughage or natural grazing. Feeding troughs must always be kept filled. Complete feeds 7. During the first week additional roughage must be fed to facilitate adaptation. 8. This farm feed must be fed ad lib. Ensure that the feed troughs are always full. 9

10 SPECIFIC NPN LABELLING Animal licks 9. This is a supplement and not a feed. Sufficient grazing and/or roughage must be available at all times. 10. Keep lick troughs filled and prevent gluttonous eating by hungry animals. A constant daily intake can help prevent poisoning. 11. Before feeding a NPN containing lick, feed an ordinary salt/phosphate lick at least 7 days. Dairy meal 12. Adaptation: When changing from a NPN-free dairy meal to a NPN-containing meal it is advisable to feed a 50/50 mixture over a period of 4-6 days. 13. Dairy meal must be fed two or more times daily. 14.The quantity of dairy meal fed depend on: (a) The quality and quantity of the available grazing and/or roughage; (b) The stage of lactation; and (c) The milk and butterfat production 10

11 NPN CONTAINING FEEDS (a)it is intended for ruminants only;(b) the urea or another non-protein nitrogen source used in the feed is registered as an animal feed additive; (c) the protein equivalent of an animal feed mixture – (i)in the case of a complete dairy meal intended for calves except for calf starter, does not exceed 15 percent; (ii) in case of a complete and semi complete dairy meal, does not exceed 30 percent; (iii) In case of a concentrated dairy meal, does not exceed 35 percent ; (iv) In case of a concentrated dairy meal containing anionic salts which is intended for dry cows, does not exceed 67 percent; (v) in the case of finisher feeds intended for ruminants, does not exceed 40 percent; (vi) in the case of any other farm feed mixture intended for ruminants, does not exceed 30 percent. 11

12 LICKS INTAKES NUTRIENTSHEEPCATTLE Ca1-327,5-120 P1-56-40 Mg0,23-7,02,5-32 K1,1-3214-112 S0,7-103-24 Protein (g/kg)25150 Energy (MJ/kg)1,525 Fe7-200100-800 Co0,025-0,80,2-1,6 Cu1,6-4020-160 Mn4,5-16040-640 Zn4,5-13260-480 I,Se,Mo0,025-0,8 (I)1-8(I) 12

13 LICKS NPN LEVELS NPN EQVLNTANIMAL Maintenance44Sheep 220Cattle Production56Sheep 300Cattle 13

14 CONCENTRATES Nutrient specification of concentrate Mixing instructions Macro nutrient Raw material specification Nutrient specification of the final mix Keep track of NPN dilutions Recommended intakes DISCLAIMER * At the recommended nutrient intake level the nutrient does not meet the minimum prescribed requirements for sheep/cattle in terms of Act 36/1947 14

15 NUTRIENT ORDER LIST ON LABEL Crude protein (minimum) (ii) Equivalent crude protein from non-protein nitrogen (NPN) (maximum) (iii) Amino acids (minimum) (iv) Moisture (maximum) (v) Crude fat (minimum and/or maximum) (vi) Crude fiber (minimum and/or maximum) (vii) Calcium (minimum) and (maximum) (viii) Phosphorus (minimum) (ix) Salt (minimum) and (maximum) (x) Sodium (minimum) and (maximum) (xi) Other minerals guarantees (minimum) (xii) Vitamins (minimum) (xiii) Total sugar as invert (minimum) (xiv) Viable microorganisms producing lacting acid (minimum) (xv) Other guarantees (minimum) 15

16 LABEL TRADE NAME/PRODUCT NAME (Class: Milk replacers or Acidified milk replacers) Reg. No. V----------------- Act 36 of 1947 GUARANTEED ANALYSIS Crude Protein (Min) Lysine (Max) Moisture (Max) Crude Fat (Min) Crude Fibre (Max) Calcium (Min/Max) Phosphorus (Min) pH (Min)if applicable Starch (Max) MASS (kg) I NGREDIENT STATEMENT WARNING FEEDING RECOMMENDATIONS Registrasiehouer/Registration Holder Mpy.Reg. No./Co. Reg. No. Volledige posadres/Full postal address Poskode/Postcodes Telefoon/Telephone (….)……………. Lot No./Batch no. _________________ Vervaldatum/Expiry date ________________ Datum van vervaardiging/Date of manufacture:_______________ Gebruik teen/Best before;_____________ 16

17 Crude protein (g/kg)40080 Ex NPN75% Moisture (g/kg) 12035 Fat (g/kg) 4040 Fibre (g/kg) 10026 Ca (g/kg) 300.3 P (g/kg) 122.7 Mg (g/kg) 81.2 K (g/kg)503.3 S (g/kg)81.1 Energy (MJ/kg)412.5 Fe (mg/kg)1 Co (mg/kg)75 Mn (mg/kg)150 Zn (mg/kg)220 I (mg/kg)4 Se (mg/kg)1 Urea 100 g/kg, Amm. Sulphate 10 g/kg & Monensin 50ppm 17 CONC100kg @400g intake cattleMaize 200kgSalt 50kg



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