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Lake Studies Impaired Waters Waters are classified as impaired when they fail to meet state water quality standards and have been placed on the federal.

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Presentation on theme: "Lake Studies Impaired Waters Waters are classified as impaired when they fail to meet state water quality standards and have been placed on the federal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lake Studies Impaired Waters Waters are classified as impaired when they fail to meet state water quality standards and have been placed on the federal impaired waters list 303(d)

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3 Lake Studies

4 Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) A Total Maximum Daily Load study must be conducted for lakes, streams and rivers that have been listed as impaired. Total Maximum Daily Load is the extent to which a body of water is able to assimilate or tolerate a pollutant and still maintain its water quality standards. Lake Studies

5 TMDL Analysis A TMDL is the sum of the individual waste loads from point sources, nonpoint sources and natural background, with an additional loading allowance for a margin of safety. This is generally described by the following equation… Lake Studies

6 TMDL (AC) = WLA+LA+MOS Where: AC = Assimilative Capacity of the water body to achieve/maintain standards WLA = Waste Load Allocation, quantification of pollutant loads from point sources discharging to the water body LA= Load Allocation, quantification of pollutant loads from nonpoint sources MOS = Margin of Safety, reflects uncertainty in the analysis, a desire to provide an extra margin of protection for beneficial uses, or an allowance for future growth Lake Studies

7 Impairments for Excess Nutrients Data must show exceedances of two of the following three standards 1. Total Phosphorus (causal factor) 2. Chlorophyll- a (response variable) 3. Secchi disk (response variable) Lake Studies

8 Northern Glaciated Plains Deep LakesShallow Lakes Lake Emily Phosphorus (ppb) < 65< Chlorophyll- a (ppb) < 22< 3040 Clarity (Secchi) (meters) WQ Standards (Northern Glaciated Plains)

9 Lake Studies Deep Lakes Shallow Lakes LevenGilchristAnneRenoMalmedalStrandnessPelican P (ppb) < 40< Chl- a (ppb) < 14< Clarity Secchi meters > 1.4> WQ Standards (North Central Hardwood Forest)

10 Lake Water Quality Lake Studies

11 Why require phosphorus control? Phosphorus is the limiting nutrient for algal growth in most Minnesota lakes and streams Other limiting factors such as sunlight and temperature cannot be controlled in a lake or stream Lake Studies

12 Phosphorus = Algae Lake Studies

13 P P P P P P Sources of phosphorous Lake Studies

14 Phosphorus Cycle Lake Studies

15 Phosphorus reductions needed to meet WQ standard

16 Lake Studies Lake Leven P Inventory

17 Lake Studies Gilchrist Lake P Inventory

18 Lake Studies Anne Lake External P Inventory

19 Lake Studies Reno P Inventory

20 Lake Studies Malmedal P Inventory

21 Lake Studies Strandness P Inventory

22 Lake Studies Pelican Lake P Inventory

23 Lake Studies Lake Emily External P Inventory

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25 Impaired Waters Lake Studies Tim James Minnesota Pollution Control


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