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1 Workshop of the COST Action 869 „Mitigation options for nutrient reduction in surface water and groundwater“ Working Group 4 – Evaluation of Projects.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Workshop of the COST Action 869 „Mitigation options for nutrient reduction in surface water and groundwater“ Working Group 4 – Evaluation of Projects."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Workshop of the COST Action 869 „Mitigation options for nutrient reduction in surface water and groundwater“ Working Group 4 – Evaluation of Projects in Example Areas across Europe 18th -22th May 2008, Waidhofen / Ybbs – Austria __________________________________________________________________________________ Sustainable mitigation and land use options for human health and environmental quality in respect to the nutrition system and the nutrients C, N, P, S K. Isermann 1) ____________________________________________________________________________ 1) Dr. Klaus IsermannHeinrich-von-Kleist-Strasse 4 Bureau for Sustainable Nutrition,D Hanhofen Land use and CulturePhone: Fax: COST 869 WG 4 Waidhofen 2008 COSTZIPII

2 2 Overview A)INTRODUCTION: Goods and aims / goals of protection, C, N, P, S pressures, interrelations, drivers, the nutrition system B)RESULTS, CONCLUSIONS, DISCUSSION: Protection aims, sustainable mitigation and land use options 1. Life Assessment (LCA) exemplarily shown for N and P and the nutrition system 2. Anthroposphere: Human nutrition and human health 3. Pedosphere: Soil degradation by C,N, P, S and nutrition, soil organic matter (SOM), inorganic Phosphorus 4. Hydrosphere: 4.1 Critical C, N, P, S levels 4.2 Critical C, N, P, S loads 5. Atmosphere: Gases relevant to climate change, eutrophication, acidification, decline of bio diversity and threatening of human health 5.1 Green house gases 5.2 eutrophying and acidifying gases 5.3 Environmental aspects of bio energy production and consumption 6. Lithosphere 7. Biosphere 8. Policy: Driving and preventing forces to meet the C-, N-, P-, S -protection aims and to implement a sustainable nutrition system 9. (Non-)Sustainable legislation within the nutrition system regarding C, N, P, S 10. C, N, P, S related EU-COST-Actions C) SUMMARY: Abstract

3 3 A)INTRODUCTION: - Goods and aims / goals of protection, - C, N, P, S pressures, - interrelations, - drivers, - the nutrition system

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10 10 B) RESULTS, CONCLUSIONS, DISCUSSION: Protection Aims, mitigation and adaptation options With a holistic approach protection aims / nutrient standards are set here as critical C, N, P, S levels and loads as well as for healthy human nutrition for all environmental spheres of anthroposphere, pedosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere respectively, because they are necessary prerequisites for cause oriented and sufficiently mitigation and adaptation options and measures done simultaneously with special reference to the nutrition system and land use.

11 11 B) RESULTS, CONCLUSIONS, DISCUSSION: -protection aims, -sustainable mitigation and land use options 1. Life Assessment (LCA) exemplarily shown for N and P and the nutrition system

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13 13 Fig. 6: Phosphorus flows in PR China in 1996 [kt metric tons](Liu 2005) re0713

14 14 2. Anthroposphere: Human nutrition and human health: Consistency and efficiency with sufficiency

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30 30 3. Pedosphere: -soil degradation by C,N, P, S and nutrition, -soil organic matter (SOM), -inorganic phosphorus 3.1 Soil degradation by C,N, P, S and nutrition

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32 32 3. Pedosphere: -soil degradation by C,N, P, S and nutrition, -soil organic matter (SOM), -inorganic phosphorus 3.2 Soil organic matter (SOM)

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41 41 3. Pedosphere: -soil degradation by C,N, P, S and nutrition, -soil organic matter (SOM), -inorganic phosphorus 3.3 Inorganic Phosphorus

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43 43 4. Hydrosphere: 4.1 Critical C, N, P, S levels

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47 47 Fig. 10: Nitrate levels in the groundwater of the upper Rhine River Basin (Strele-Grimm 2006) re0743

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49 49 4. Hydrosphere: 4.2 Critical C, N, P, S loads

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54 54 5. Atmosphere: Gases relevant to climate change, eutrophication, acidification, decline of biodiversity and threatening of human health 5.1 Greenhouse gases

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60 60 5. Atmosphere: Gases relevant to climate change, eutrophication, acidification, decline of biodiversity and threatening of human health 5.2 Eutrophying and acidifying gases

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62 62 5. Atmosphere: Gases relevant to climate change, eutrophication, acidification, decline of biodiversity and threatening of human health 5.3 Environmental aspects of bio energy production and consumption

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66 66 6. Lithosphere

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68 68 7. Biosphere

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70 70 8. Policy: Driving and preventing forces to meet the C-, N-, P-, S – protection aims and to implement a sustainable nutrition system

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76 76 9. (Non-)Sustainable legislation within the nutrition system regarding C, N, P, S

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79 C, N, P, S related EU-COST-Actions

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83 83 C) Summary: Abstract

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