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Reporter:Chen-Kun Lin Adviser:Cheng-Chien Wang 2011.05.17.

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Presentation on theme: "Reporter:Chen-Kun Lin Adviser:Cheng-Chien Wang 2011.05.17."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reporter:Chen-Kun Lin Adviser:Cheng-Chien Wang

2 In order to maintain their valid status in the advanced applications, the epoxy materials have to keep up with the requirements for high thermal and flame resistance. The reactive type flame retardants are of interest because they are able to sustain the flame retardance for longer time, and reduce the influence on physical, mechanical, and artifactitious properties of polymers. Phosphorus-containing compounds for flame retardants are used either by blending with polymers or by reacting onto polymers. Introduction

3 It is believed that phosphorus containing compounds can quench flammable particles in the gas phase. In the solid phase, the phosphorus-containing functional groups are converted by thermal decomposition to phosphoric acid. The polyphosphoric acid esterifies, and dehydrates the polymer, and then forms a protective carbonaceous layer. Introduction

4 As the safety and environmental issues become more significant, the utilization of both phosphorus-containing epoxy resins and curing agents would certainly enhance the flame retardant properties. Furthermore, thermal properties, flame retardancy, and degradation behaviors of these resulted phosphorus- containing epoxy polymers were also investigated. Introduction

5 Materials 環氧樹脂 : BE-188 ( 長春 ) 、 NPES-901 ( 南亞 ) 市售固化劑 : Poly-(propylene glycol)bis(2-aminopropyl)ether (D230) Ethylenediamine (EDA) Nphenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine (PDA) 4,4-diaminodiphenylmethane (DDM)

6 Experimental

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9 Results and discussion Thermal and flame retardant properties Glass transition temperatures (Tg) of the epoxy polymers This indicates that incorporation of linear phosphate groups –(P(O)– O–Ph–O)n– of GDP decreased rotational barrier and subsequently lowered the Tgs despite of higher aromatic contents.

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11 Results and discussion Thermal and flame retardant properties Thermal stability of phosphorus-containing epoxy polymers

12 Results and discussion Thermal and flame retardant properties Thermal stability of phosphorus-containing epoxy polymers

13 Results and discussion Thermal and flame retardant properties Thermal stability of phosphorus-containing epoxy polymers The depressed thermal stability of the phosphorus-containing epoxy polymers might possibly result from the decomposition of the P–O–C bonds. However,the weight losses of the phosphorus-containing epoxy polymers at high temperatures region are less than those of the phosphorus-free ones.

14 Results and discussion Thermal and flame retardant properties Thermal stability of phosphorus-containing epoxy polymers

15 Families of phosphorus-containing diamines and a glycidyl ether were successfully synthesized and used to prepared epoxy polymers. Thermal analyses and LOI measurements showed that the resultant epoxy polymers had a pronounced improvement in flame-retardant property. A high phosphorus content of 6.19% for the cured epoxy polymers based on phosphoruscontaining components led to excellent flame retardancy,demonstrated by the high char yield of nearly 30% at 850 ℃ under nitrogen, and large LOI value of 32. Conclusions

16 Furthermore, it was found that aromatic contents in the phosphorus-containing polymers significantly enhanced their LOI and CR values, as well as the thermal stability. Conclusions


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