Presentation on theme: "Week 7: Journalism 2001 October 22, 2007. Announcements Congratulations, Travis! Congratulations, Travis! –Letter to the Editor published in Duluth News-"— Presentation transcript:
Announcements Congratulations, Travis! Congratulations, Travis! –Letter to the Editor published in Duluth News- Tribune
Review of last week’s news Hard News: Hard News: (murders, city council, government, etc.) –Major local stories –Major national/international stories –Major sports stories Soft News: Soft News: (retirements, school programs, human interest) –Local stories –National/international stories –Sports stories
Hard News 1 Reporting Stories Interesting meetings! Interesting meetings! A lot of red marks: Next story will be easier… A lot of red marks: Next story will be easier… –Hopefully constructive criticism that will help you write your next story Watch style errors Watch style errors –Dates, titles, numerals, percents, dollars, City Council Many used quotes effectively Many used quotes effectively –High up in story, direct and indirect Need full names of sources, source list! Need full names of sources, source list! One sentence summary lead the strongest One sentence summary lead the strongest Need attribution or reads as fact/opinion Need attribution or reads as fact/opinion Punctuation inside quote marks Punctuation inside quote marks –“Blah blah blah,” she said.
Poverty is a huge issue in Duluth, and mayoral candidates Don Ness and Charlie Bell discussed the problems and solutions at a candidate forum on Tuesday. In an effort to reach out to student voters, mayoral candidates Charlie Bell and Don Ness were at the Kirby Rafters Tuesday to discuss issues relating to poverty in Duluth. Mayoral candidates Don Ness and Charlie Bell answered some difficult questions from the citizens of Duluth Tuesday about the economy and poverty in the town at the latest mayoral debate. Mayoral hopefuls Charlie Bell and Don Ness attended a forum on poverty at the University of Minnesota’s Duluth campus Tuesday to address questions posed by an audience of students and other concerned citizens.
After two hours of impassioned debate last Tuesday the City Council finally agreed to support the American Indian Housing Organizations proposal to fund 29 homes in the YWCA of Duluth. Duluth, Minn. – The city council held their weekly meeting Tuesday night in front of a full audience, most of whom were concerned over an affordable housing resolution for Native Americans. The Superior City Council voted down a request to amend city code Tuesday during a heated discussion about conflict of interest and codes of ethics. The resolution to exercise special assessment powers to blacktop certain alleyways in Superior was motioned Tuesday night at the City Council meeting. During their meeting on Wednesday, the Duluth Human Rights Commission grappled with ongoing harassment problems within the city, and discussed ways to get the Duluth City Council more involved with human-rights issues.
Important to check spelling of names Where to find city council names: Where to find city council names: –Rusell Stuver? –Rodger Rienert? Where to find UMD faculty members: Where to find UMD faculty members: –Debra Peterson-Perlmen? –Thom Issbel? Where to find Duluth citizen names? Where to find Duluth citizen names? –Rob Hermansen? –Eric Hermanson?
What would make this lead stronger: St. Louis County Board of Commissioners met on Tuesday to review the wording of the country’s smoking ban that is in the process of being passed. They want to ensure that both the public and law enforcement will clearly understand the new ordinance. 1. OK as is 2. Combine into 1 sentence 3. Add sentence
Let’s fix a style error: The St. Louis County Board of Commission met on the morning of February 20, 2007, to discuss a number of proposals, but mainly focused on Ordinance No. 60, Smoking in Public Places. 1. February 20 2. Feb. 20 3. Feb. 20, 2007
Dan Rather Dan Rather stepped down as anchor and managing editor of the CBS Evening News March 2005, 24 years after his first broadcast in that position. His last broadcast as anchor was March 9, 2005, the 24th anniversary of when he assumed the position from Walter Cronkite. Dan Rather stepped down as anchor and managing editor of the CBS Evening News March 2005, 24 years after his first broadcast in that position. His last broadcast as anchor was March 9, 2005, the 24th anniversary of when he assumed the position from Walter Cronkite.
Who replaced Dan Rather as the permanent CBS anchor? 1. Peter Jennings 2. Katie Couric 3. Sam Donaldson
Broadcast Style Numbers Numbers –Simplify complicated numbers: approximately, more than, about, almost –Vary wording to help announcer, listener –Spell out numbers under 12 –Use a hyphenated combination of numerals and words to express thousands –Use round numbers: $2,001,894.46: slightly more than two million dollars
Broadcast writing websites Newswriting for Radio: Newswriting for Radio: –http://www.newscript.com/ http://www.newscript.com/ Writing for Broadcast: Writing for Broadcast: –http://www.udel.edu/UDWI/other/writing_for_broadc ast.html http://www.udel.edu/UDWI/other/writing_for_broadc ast.htmlhttp://www.udel.edu/UDWI/other/writing_for_broadc ast.html National Association of Broadcasters National Association of Broadcasters –http://www.nab.org/ http://www.nab.org/ Radio-Television News Directors Association & Foundation Radio-Television News Directors Association & Foundation –http://www.rtndf.org/ http://www.rtndf.org/
Checklist for broadcast writers Write the way you talk Write the way you talk Write simply Write simply Use short words and short sentences Use short words and short sentences Use active verbs and sentences Use active verbs and sentences When in doubt, leave it out When in doubt, leave it out Don’t raise questions you don’t answer Don’t raise questions you don’t answer Put attribution before quote Put attribution before quote
Writing for radio “Wrap” “Wrap” –Reporter wraps words or sentences around one or more major soundbites –Also called a donut, with news story around the “hole” where the story is placed Blind lead-in Blind lead-in Introduces a taped excerpt from a news source Does not signal that a soundbite follows Wrap-up Wrap-up –Signals end of story
Writing for Television Getting video and conducting interviews Getting video and conducting interviews –http://www.udel.edu/UDWI/other/writing_for _broadcast.html http://www.udel.edu/UDWI/other/writing_for _broadcast.htmlhttp://www.udel.edu/UDWI/other/writing_for _broadcast.html Harmonizing words and pictures Harmonizing words and pictures
Broadcast journalism checklist Understand technology Understand technology Learn to perform Learn to perform Keep soundbites short and frame them appropriately Keep soundbites short and frame them appropriately Emphasize the last sentence of a story Emphasize the last sentence of a story Approach television as a unique medium Approach television as a unique medium –Learn to think visually –Make sure that the words match the pictures Approach radio as a unique medium Approach radio as a unique medium –Strong appeal to the imagination
Broadcast newswriting characteristics Immediacy Immediacy –Use present tense as much as possible –Avoid yesterday’s story; update yesterday’s story Conversational style Conversational style –Write the way you talk Tight phrasing Tight phrasing –Conversational style without being wordy Clarity Clarity –Write simply, OK to repeat words
Radio websites Live radio broadcasts from around the world Live radio broadcasts from around the world –http://www.broadcast- live.com/radionews.html http://www.broadcast- live.com/radionews.htmlhttp://www.broadcast- live.com/radionews.html KDAL KDAL –http://www.kdal.am/
Ethics Case Study Strange Bedfellows: Federal agents in a TV newsroom –http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethic s/aiding-law-enforcement/strange-bedfellows/ http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethic s/aiding-law-enforcement/strange-bedfellows/http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethic s/aiding-law-enforcement/strange-bedfellows/
Would you let the federal agents into the news editing room? 1. Yes 2. No
Chapter 17: Multimedia Journalism Storytelling on the Web Storytelling on the Web –Print, broadcast journalists inevitably online journalists –Internet explosion: 7 out of 10 surf in 2005 Established in 1969 by Department of Defense (not Al Gore) –Shovelware: text, photos, audio, video from other sources
What’s the difference from print? Multimedia stories: Multimedia stories: –Linear or nonlinear –Unlimited background, space –Less formal – snappy, conversational, edgy –More active with searchable databases, blogs, games, polls, surveys, quizzes, etc. –Needs to be constantly updated
Multimedia story structure Inverted pyramid Inverted pyramid Linear stories best on scrolling pages Linear stories best on scrolling pages Screen-size chunks for nonlinear stories Screen-size chunks for nonlinear stories –Readers rule: Each chunk independent National Geographic: http://plasma.nationalgeographic.com/pearl harbor/ http://plasma.nationalgeographic.com/pearl harbor/
To link or not to link To link or not to link –What do you think? Story summaries: a type of link Story summaries: a type of link Sidebars, information boxes Sidebars, information boxes
Slide Shows (Photo Galleries) Take readers behind scenes Take readers behind scenes Washington Post’s Camera Works Washington Post’s Camera Works –http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp- srv/photo http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp- srv/photohttp://www.washingtonpost.com/wp- srv/photo Duluth News-Tribune Duluth News-Tribune –Editors told to put stories on web first –http://www.duluthnewstribune.com/ http://www.duluthnewstribune.com/ Tips for cutlines: Tips for cutlines: –Good ol’ 5Ws and maybe H
Multimedia Storytelling on the Web Seven steps to success Seven steps to success –Find a fresh idea –Focus your topic –Plan and research –Sketch a storyboard –Report, interview, observe –Edit and revise –Test and troubleshoot
Your future as a Multimedia Journalist The Backpack Journalist The Backpack Journalist –Write, shoot and record What skills do you need? What skills do you need? –Strong writing –Use digital still camera, video camera, audio recorder –Edit photos, videos, html Global, yet personal Global, yet personal –How does it affect your readers? The Bottom Line: Sky’s the limit The Bottom Line: Sky’s the limit –May the force be with you……
Upcoming stories Hard News 2 Reporting Assignment Hard News 2 Reporting Assignment –Final article due: October 25 –Will edit another writer’s story in class, return feedback to them –Edit stories in class, submit them to the Community Journalism class –Any challenges? Sports Reporting Assignment Sports Reporting Assignment –Final article due: November 5 –Any problems? Community Journalism reporting assignment Community Journalism reporting assignment –Story pitch due: October 24 –Final article due: November 19 Feature Story Assignment Feature Story Assignment –Story pitch due: November 12 –First draft due: November 26 –Final article due: December 10
Checklist for sportswriters Go with a summary lead if warranted, but you are not wedded to it Go with a summary lead if warranted, but you are not wedded to it Avoid chronological approaches Avoid chronological approaches Blend facts, turning points, quotations, statistics, analysis Blend facts, turning points, quotations, statistics, analysis Avoid cliches: cliffhangers Avoid cliches: cliffhangers Avoid “ridiculous” direct quotations: we whipped ‘em good Avoid “ridiculous” direct quotations: we whipped ‘em good Use vivid description when appropriate Use vivid description when appropriate Doublecheck spellings Doublecheck spellings Do your homework Do your homework
Community Journalism Assignment Story Pitch Due: Wednesday, 10/24 Story Pitch Due: Wednesday, 10/24 –No more than three paragraphs, 200 words –Include 5Ws and H –Email to: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Work in teams or solo Work in teams or solo –Go out into an area of Duluth, report on a topic of interest in that area –Divide the city into zones – let’s assign teams to locations: Central Hillside Chester Park/UMD Congdon Park Downtown/Central Business District Duluth Heights East Hillside/Endion Kenwood Lakeside/Lester Park Lincoln Park/West End Park Point Piedmont Heights West Duluth Woodland Final story due: 11/19 Final story due: 11/19
Feature Story Reporting Assignment Story Pitch Due: November 14 Story Pitch Due: November 14 –No more than three paragraphs, 200 words –Include 5Ws and H –Email to: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com First draft due: November 26 First draft due: November 26 Final story due: December 10 Final story due: December 10
Dan Rather Assignment Out of Class Assignment: Due 10/29 Out of Class Assignment: Due 10/29 You will be taking a look at Dan Rather’s background, impact on television news You will be taking a look at Dan Rather’s background, impact on television news
Egradebook Doublecheck assignments correct in egradebook: Doublecheck assignments correct in egradebook: –http://www.d.umn.edu/egradebook http://www.d.umn.edu/egradebook If grading today: 115-130: A 100-114: B 85-99: C 70-84: D <70: F
Portfolio Store academic information on your Electronic Portfolio. Each student has 100 mb of storage. Store academic information on your Electronic Portfolio. Each student has 100 mb of storage. Access Electronic Portfolio at: https://portfolio.umn.edu/portfolio/index.j sp Access Electronic Portfolio at: https://portfolio.umn.edu/portfolio/index.j sp https://portfolio.umn.edu/portfolio/index.j sp https://portfolio.umn.edu/portfolio/index.j sp