Presentation on theme: "Quantum Well Applications ECE 4611 – Semiconductors Presented by:Joshua MacDonald & Joel Peterson 29 APRIL 2013."— Presentation transcript:
Quantum Well Applications ECE 4611 – Semiconductors Presented by:Joshua MacDonald & Joel Peterson 29 APRIL 2013
Abstract In this powerpoint, we present some modern-day technical applications of quantum well technology. The small wavelengths made possible by the well dimensions, which are generally in the scale of nanometers, are useful in optics for diode lasers, in measuring devices for IR photo detectors, and in micro-electronics for high electron mobility transistor devices. Many of these devices group or layer quantum wells to improve output or performance.
Administrative Outline – Review – General Application – Applied Optics, lasers and detectors High speed electronics, transistors – Key-points
Review (Properties) Two-dimensional (mostly) devices Discrete energy values
Applications Generalities – Quantum dimensions make very small λ possible. – Quantum construction means less material, higher speeds.
Lasers Quantum Well and Quantum Cascade Lasers – Device geometry(well) is more important than band structure of the semiconductor. – Sometimes layered. IV curve of a QCL (ALPSLASERS QCL)
Measuring Devices Quantum Well IR Photo detector – Arrays of QW’s “tuned” to a λ. – Often used in imaging (Medical, Military)
Micro-Electronic High Electron Mobility Transistor devices – Single and Multi Quantum Well structures – Often employ Quantum Hall Effect
Key Points Optical applications exploit low λ possible with QW’s Detection devices also employ QW’s because of the lower λ’s detectable HEMT’s speed and performance enabled by QW(Quantum Hall Effect) Devices often layer or group QW’s to improve characteristics There are many proprietary design/material combinations