Presentation on theme: "University of Wisconsin-Madison"— Presentation transcript:
1University of Wisconsin-Madison Shaping Positive and Transforming Negative School Cultures in International SchoolsNESA ConferenceIstanbul, TurkeyDr. Kent D. PetersonUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonEmeritus Professor2014
2Dear Diary,Please allow every teacher to realize what awesome power they hold in their hands and that they are the doors through which whole new worlds of possibility can open for their students. That by understanding students, day to day, and not judging them or shutting out the many opportunities for their success teachers can, and often do, make all the difference Sandi Redenbach (Autobiography of a Dropout)
3Culture is a Powerful Force School culture influenceshow people think, feel, and act.Culture shapes focus, commitment, motivation, and student success.
4Culture exists in any organization in which people share some history Culture exists in any organization in which people share some history. It develops as people work together, solve problems, cope with conflicts, achieve successes, and deal with tragedy. (Schein, 1985; Deal and Peterson, 2009)
5Culture and Effectiveness “At a deeper level, all organizations, especially schools, improve performance by fostering a shared system of norms folkways, values, and traditions. These infuse the enterprise with passion, purpose, and a sense of spirit. Without a strong, positive culture, schools flounder and die.”(Peterson and Deal, 2002, p. 7)
7"School culture is like soil and structure is like a seed "School culture is like soil and structure is like a seed. If the soil is healthy the seed will grow, if the soil is toxic the seed will die."(Anthony Muhammad)
8School Culture and Achievement Reinforces school improvement actionsCreates trust, collegiality, and sense of communityFosters teacher learningEnhances student engagement and academic achievement(See research detailed in Deal and Peterson; Louis and Leithwood; Fullan; Tschannen-Moran; Hargreaves; Bryk; and others.)
9Elements of CultureNorms, Values and Beliefs that underlie thinking, feeling and actingSymbols and Artifacts that Communicate MeaningStories that Herald ValuesCultural NetworksHeroes and HeroinesRituals, Traditions, and Ceremonies“Culture is ”The way we do things around here!” (Bowers)
10Types of Culture Positive—Negative Strong—Weak Learning-Growing—Static-Floating—Toxic-DyingOrganizationally Joyous—Organizationally “Depressed”Coherent--Fragmented
11Elements of Toxic or Dysfunctional Cultures Negative or dysfunctional values or beliefsLittle sense of shared purposeExistence of negative relationshipsThe presence of negative or hostile membersFew heroes or heroines--or unrecognized onesShallow or meaningless ceremonies and traditionsHarmful stories or a jaded sense of historyLittle laughter or camaraderieThe existence of aspects of these
12Leader’s Actions to Address Culture READ the culture; its past and present.ASSESS effectiveness of cultural elements.SHAPE the culture by reinforcing the positive and transforming the negative.
13Unpacking Core Values What makes a good day? What makes a good week? What makes a good year?
14Symbols and Artifacts Communicate Meaning The school logo should communicate core values.The entryway to the school can reinforce the purpose of the school.The display of student work reinforces hard work, meaning and purpose to students.Historical artifacts of school accomplishments supports a sense of commitment to the values of the school’s mission.
23“Walk the Halls and Talk to the Walls” Imagine you are new to the school. Walk outside and leave your “To Do List” at home.Now, walk through the school.What to you see, hear, and feel? What messages are sent by what is on the walls and what is going on in the classrooms?What does this tell you about the culture?What should be kept and what should be changed?
24Stories and the Culture Stories are the foundation of a culture.Stories communicate purpose, reinforce success, and maintain traditions.What are the histories, myths, and stories of the culture?Discuss the key stories to tell newcomers that reinforce the culture.
25Positive Informal Network Heroines and HeroesStorytellersGossips and “Social Media Specialists”Keepers of the DreamNavigators and CompassesSpirit Guides(Deal and Peterson, 2009)
26Toxic Informal Network Anti-Heroes and Anti-HeroinesPessimistic StorytellersRumor Mongers“Keepers of the Nightmare”Negaholics and Naysayers (Carter-Scott, 1989)Prima Donnas-Prima DonaldsSpace CadetsMartyrsDeadwood, Driftwood, BallastSaboteursRogue PiratesResource Vultures(Deal and Peterson, 2009)
27Cultural Networks Transmit Values to Students, Staff, and Community Positive cultural networks should be nurtured and given time to thrive.Dysfunctional roles should be counteracted.
28Making the Informal Network Effective Know who resides in each role.Provide stages for storytellers.Recognize heroes and heroines.Use Gossips to pass positive information.Work to counteract the negative impact of hostile roles.===================================Discuss: Who are the members of your informal networks? How to you work with them to foster learning?
29The Special Case of Millennials Desire for flexibilityOrientation to teamsIntense Social Media communicatorsWish for work and life balanceNeed to regular contact, feedback, support, and recognition???How do they fit in your culture???What do you to bring Millennials into your culture?(http://humanresources.about.com/od/managementtips/a/millenials.htm; see Brack, 2012)
30Using Social Media to Shape the Culture Communicating, reinforcing, and celebrating the culture through multiple mediasFace-to-Face ContactHandwritten NotesYouTube videosTwitter Storiesand TextingSnapchatVineInstagram
31Community Exemplars Model Core Values: A Heroine or Hero Those who are deeply respected by all.Their actions mirror core values and commitments.Remembered fondly.Their lives are the stuff of legend.Exemplars of what is best about the school.
33Rituals, Traditions, Ceremonies, and Celebrations Rituals are regular routines.Traditions occur yearly and bring people together.Ceremonies and Celebrations are larger events.These events are crucial times to communicate and reinforce core values, beliefs, and purpose.Without these cultural events, the culture can stagnate, wither, or die.
34The Importance of Ceremonies and Celebrations Reinforce ValuesBuild Culture and CommunityRecharge MotivationCommunicate PurposeCelebrate Successes
35Types of Celebrations Welcoming Staff Beginning of Year Fall Solstice End of BreakHost Country TraditionsEthnic EventsRecognition CeremoniesRetirements or DeparturesEnd-of-Year GatheringsLarge and Small Successes
36Elements of Ceremonies A special and value-linked purposeSymbolic clothing and adornmentsSymbols, signs, banners, flagsStories and sagasMusicSetting and DecorationsFood and drinkSpecial language and toneMessage of hope and recognition
37Map Your Ceremonies and Celebrations Over the Year
38Analyzing Ceremonies and Celebrations As you examine your “map,” what are the core values and beliefs communicated in the ceremonies and celebrations?Are new messages needed? Are the activities in tune with the message?Are new ceremonies or celebrations needed to be scheduled?
39Ways of Reading Your Culture List Six Adjectives to describe your school.Think of a song that depicts your culture.Create a metaphor… If my school were an animal, it would be a _______ because_________________________.Conduct a school history.Conduct an “Educational Garage Sale”Interview a school’s storytellers.
40Conduct a School History Major EventsKey Formal and Informal LeadersIdeas about Curriculum, Instruction, AssessmentTechnology and its TransformationKey Successes and ChallengesRituals, Traditions, and CeremoniesStudents, Community, and LocaleMajor Events and ChangesPeople and PersonalitiesClothing, Hairstyles, Music of the Time
41Conducting an Educational Garage Sale Purpose: To assess the culture.Stations of the Sale:Museum,Not For Sale,Repair Shop,Reclamation Station,Garbage Can,Toxic Waste HaulerIndividuals place items in each station.Discuss the items, prioritize positive ones and negative ones, then make a plan to address the issues (Peterson and Deal, 2009)
42Shaping School Culture Hiring and SocializationRecounting History and Telling StoriesCommunicating Vision and ValuesWalking the Talk; Modeling ValuesTransforming Dysfunctional CulturesMaking All Leaders Culture ShapersCelebrating Accomplishments
438 Culture Shaping Roles Anthropologist Historian Visionary Symbol PotterPoetActorHealer(Deal and Peterson, 2009)
44Effective and Less Used Roles Which roles are you most effective?When do you take on these roles?Which roles are less used?Which roles would you like to use more or to strengthen further?
45“Teachers usually have no way of knowing that they have made a difference in a child’s life, even when they have made a dramatic one… Good teachers put snags in the river of children passing by, and, over the years, they redirect hundreds of lives… [Great schools are] made up of people who can never really know the good they have done.” Kidder (1989): Among Schoolchildren
46Thank you for your energy, hard work, and collaboration today Thank you for your energy, hard work, and collaboration today. Good luck as you return home to serve your schools!
47These materials have been developed by the presenter with parts adapted from work by Kent Peterson, Terrence Deal and Pam Robbins. Please appropriately cite the source if utilizing them to serve your schools.
48Resources and Research Kent Peterson and Deal, Terrence. 2nd Edition (2009). The Shaping School Culture Fieldbook. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.Deal, Terrence and Peterson, Kent. 2nd Edition (2009). Shaping School Culture: Pitfalls, Paradoxes, and Promises. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.Muhammad, Anthony. (2009). Transforming School Culture. Solution Tree.Kruse, Sharon and Louis, Karen. (2008). Building Strong School Cultures. Corwin Press.See books by Pam Robbins and Harvey Alvy, Fullan, and Others.