Presentation on theme: "Restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast January 18, 2011 CPRA Meeting David Peterson Asst. Attorney General and AG Designee to CPRA Civil Division Lands."— Presentation transcript:
restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast January 18, 2011 CPRA Meeting David Peterson Asst. Attorney General and AG Designee to CPRA Civil Division Lands and Natural Resources Section Louisiana Department of Justice / Attorney General CPRA Constitutional and Statutory Authority Overview
Governing Constitutional and Statutory Provisions La. Const. Art. IX, Section 1 – Public Trust Doctrine La. Revised Statutes – Title 49 –La. R.S. 49:214.1, et seq. –La. R.S. 49:
Public Trust Doctrine La. Const. Art. IX, Section 1 - “The natural resources of the state, including air and water, and the healthful, scenic, historic, and esthetic quality of the environment shall be protected, conserved, and replenished insofar as possible and consistent with the health, safety, and welfare of the people. The legislature shall enact laws to implement this policy.” –Natural resources must be protected, conserved, and replenished –Must be weighed against health, safety, and welfare of citizens –Legislature in charge of passing laws to carry out mandate Mandate as to particular natural resources divided among state agencies who should collaborate in assuring the overall constitutional public trust doctrine is carried out in accord with the particular delegation to each agency, i.e. LDWF, fisheries; LDEQ, general environmental protection / hazardous and other waste; CPRA, integrated coastal protection; and DNR, water and mineral resources. Save Ourselves, Inc. v. La. Environmental Control Comm., 452 So. 2d 1152 (La. 1984) –La. Supreme Court defined public trust doctrine as “rule of reasonableness” requiring all governmental agencies to determine adverse environmental impacts of their actions have been minimized or avoided as much as possible consistently with the public welfare. –Constitution does not establish environmental protection as exclusive goal but requires balancing of environmental costs and benefits against economic, social and other factors.
Public Trust Mandate to CPRA La. R.S. 49:214.1, et seq. –Mandates a signal agency, CPRA, to articulate a clear statement of priorities and to focus development and implementation of efforts to achieve comprehensive “integrated coastal protection” through the state comprehensive master coastal protection plan and annual plan. La. R.S. 49:214.1 – Purpose and Intent – Original Act 8 language Legislative delegation of authority to CPRA over “public trust” doctrine as to “integrated coastal protection” Intended to achieve comprehensive integrated coastal protection and proper balance between development and conservation, restoration, creation, and nourishment of renewable coastal resources. –Legislature placed responsibility for the direction and development of the master plan with CPRA in an effort to maximize the effectiveness of integrated coastal protection efforts. –CPRA mandated to used an integrated effort to jointly coordinate master plan and annual plan development with OCPR, state agencies, political subdivisions, including flood protection authorities and levee districts, and federal agencies.
CPRA Statutory Authority Master Plan and Annual Plan Development - La. R.S. 49: –Develop plans for integrated coastal protection for protection, conserving, enhancing, and restoring coastal area through construction and management. –Per public trust doctrine, should consider balance between development and integrated coastal protection plans and programs. Public use benefits Private benefits Social, geographic, economic, engineering, and biological considerations Single State Entity – La. R.S. 49:214.1(F) –Established, authorized, and empowered to carry out any and all functions necessary to serve as the single entity responsible to act as the local sponsor for all hurricane, storm damage reduction and flood control projects in areas under its jurisdiction, including the greater N.O. area and S.E. Louisiana area. –Federal statutory requirement to obtain post-Katrina federal funding for New Orleans area hurricane protection projects.
CPRA Statutory Authority – Cont. Oversight - La. R.S. 49: (A)(1) –The authority shall “[r]epresent the state’s position in policy relative to the protection, conservation, enhancement, and restoration of the coastal area of the state through oversight of integrated coastal protection projects and programs and by addressing activities which require a coastal use permit which could significantly affect integrated coastal protection projects and programs, all consistent with the legislative intent as expressed in R.S. 49:214.1 Enforcement – La. R.S. 49: (A)(6) – The authority shall “take actions against any entity, including political subdivisions, to enforce compliance with the comprehensive master coastal protection plan,” which actions “may include but are not limited to determinations of noncompliance; appeal from such determinations; the taking of administrative action, including the withholding of funds; and civil action, including the seeking of injunctive relief, or any other remedy necessary to ensure compliance with the plan.”
CPRA Statutory Jurisdiction Geographic Jurisdiction – La. R.S. 49:214.2(3) –coastal area – “the Louisiana Coastal Zone and contiguous areas subject to storm or tidal surge and the area comprising the Louisiana Coastal Ecosystem as defined in Section 7001 of 110 Public Law 114 (WRDA 2007) Section 7001 of WRDA Louisiana Coastal Ecosystem is defined as “the coastal area of Louisiana from the Sabine River on the west to the Pearl River on the east, including those parts of the Atchafalaya River Basin and the Mississippi River Deltaic Plain below the Old River Control Structure and the Chenier Plain included within the study area of the restoration plan.” Subject Matter Juridiction – La. R.S. 49:214.2(10) –integrated coastal protection - “plans, projects, policies, and programs intended to provide hurricane protection or coastal conservation or restoration, and shall include but not be limited to coastal restoration; coastal protection; infrastructure; storm damage reduction; flood control; water resources development; erosion control measures; marsh management; diversions; saltwater intrusion prevention; wetlands and central wetlands conservation, enhancement, and restoration; barrier island and shoreline stabilization and preservation; coastal passes stabilization and restoration; mitigation; storm surge reduction; or beneficial use projects.”
Governor’s Executive Assistant for Coastal Activities - Authority La. R.S. 49: Functions and responsibilities include: –Chairman of CPRA –Coordinate and focus the functions of all state agencies as they related to integrated coastal protection, including infrastructure, hurricane protection, wetlands conservation and restoration, mitigation projects, and water resource development projects to establish and present the official state position consistent with CPRA policy. –Review and modify policies, procedures, or programs that may affect integrated coastal protection projects.