Presentation on theme: "A. Philip Randolph, Esther Peterson, & Cesar Chavez The Changing Face of Labor in America 1963-1979."— Presentation transcript:
A. Philip Randolph, Esther Peterson, & Cesar Chavez The Changing Face of Labor in America 1963-1979
George Meany Memorial Archives, Portrait Collection, Box 18, Folder 97 A. Philip Randolph Speaking at Negro Labor Committee, 1935 A. Philip Randolph (1889-1979) President, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters Proposed a “March on Washington” 1941 AFL-CIO Executive Council & a Vice-President 1955
George Meany memorial Archives, Portrait Collection, Box 18, Folder 97, Neg. # 365 Randolph on 80th Birthday Receives Gift from Roy Wilkins, NAACP, and Congratulations from George Meany, April 15, 1969 “Salvation for a race, nation or class, must come from within. Freedom is never granted it is won. Justice is never given; it is exacted.” A. Philip Randolph
Esther Peterson, Assistant Secretary of Labor Listens at a Conference on Enforcement of the Law Granting Equal Pay for Men and Women Doing the Same Work, June 1964 George Meany Memorial Archives, Portrait Collection, Box 17, Folder 42 Esther Peterson (1906-1998) Labor Organizer Labor Educator Labor Lobbyist Government Official
George Meany Memorial Archives, Portrait Collection, Box 17, Folder 42 Peterson presented an award by Benjamin McLaurin, vice- President of the Sleeping Car Porters, November 1966 “We wanted equality for women, but we wanted bread for our low-income sisters first. Only after basic protection such as equal pay and federal wage and hours laws were in place, were we willing to consider the Equal Rights Amendment.” --Esther Peterson
Cesar Chavez, United Farm Workers Organizing Committee, signs a contract for migrant workers, 1966 George Meany Memorial Archives, Portrait Files, Box 38, Folder5, Neg. # 1075 Cesar Chavez (1927-1993) Farm Workers’ Symbol: a red flag with a black eagle La Huelga = the Strike Grape Boycott and 300-mile march Delano to Sacramento, California
George Meany memorial Archives, Portrait Files, Box 38, Folder 5 Chavez receives an AFL-CIO Charter from George Meany while Monsignor George Higgins views the document, 1974 “I felt then, as I do now, that organized labor in the United States has much to learn from the creative leadership of Chavez and the example of dedication and solidarity offered by farm workers.” --Msgr. George Higgins, Organized Labor and the Church, 1993, p. 103.