Presentation on theme: "Questions of Auteurism A Case Study of Peter Weir"— Presentation transcript:
1Questions of Auteurism A Case Study of Peter Weir What is auteur?Questions of AuteurismA Case Study of Peter Weir
2What is auteur? 1 A director who make films which reflect his/her personal vision and preoccupations.2 A director who has a distinct style andconsistent themes.François Truffaut, ‘Une Certainetendence du cinéma française’(A Certain Tendency in the FrenchCinema) 1954
3What is auteur?Directors (auteurs) oversee all narrative, visual and audio elements of motion pictures.SIGNATURE THEME AND STYLE“The filmmaker/author writes with his cameraas a writer writes with his pen.”‘Caméra Stylo’ (camera-pen) Alexander Astruc, Naissance d’une nouvelle avant-garde, L’Ecran Français, 30th March, 1948
4What is auteur? Auteur or metteur-en-scène Auteur - a director who expresses his/her unique preoccupation and holds on to signature styleMetteur-en-scène (one who puts it in the scene - theatre director) - a (highly) competent filmmaker but lacks ‘the consistency that betrayed the profound involvement of personality’
5Who Are Auteurs?Directors who have a distinct visual style … Alfred Hitchcock, Orson Wells …Stanley Kubrick, Wang Kar-waiDirectors Directors who have a consistent theme … Jean Renoir (humanism), Douglas Sirk (melodrama) … Theo Angelopoulos (modern Greek history), Ken Loach (socialist conscience)
6Auteur Theory (Politique des auteurs) Auteur theory - a critical attitude to consider a film as a product of a single person - director - auteurAndrew Sarris, ‘Notes on the Auteur Theory’, 1964
7Auteur Theory (Politique des auteurs) To analyse a film as a work of a single author (auteur)→ auteurism / politique des autteursTo identify the characteristics of a director’s work which makes him a auteur
8Criticism against auteur theory Filmmaking as collaborative and collective actions.Making a film involves many other creative talents than director.Scriptwriter, photographer, editor, art director, actor, etc.
9Criticism against auteur theory Cesare Zavattini ( )Screenwriter for Vittorio De Sica and Luchino ViscontiShoeshines, Bicycle Thieves, Umberto D, Bellisima, etc.
10Criticism against auteur theory Ruth Prower Jhabvala ( )Screenwriter for James IvoryRoom with a View, Howard’s End, Remains of the Day
11Criticism against auteur theory Gordon WillsMost important cinematographer in the 70s and 80sThe Godfather, Annie Hall, Manhattan, All the President’s Men
12Criticism against auteur theory Miyagawa Kazuo ( )Greatest Japanese photographer, operated the camera and shot for Mizoguchi Kenji, Kurosawa Akira, Ichikawa Kon and Shinoda MasahiroRashomon, Ugetsu, Yojinbo, Tokyo Olympiad, McArthur’s Children
13Criticism against auteur theory David Lean ( )British film directorEstablished the classic editing techniquesEdited for film directors such as Anthony Asquith and Michael Powell Pygmalion, Major Barbara, 49th Parallel
14Criticism against auteur theory Alexandre Trauner( )French art and production designerLe Jour se léve, Les Enfants du paradis, Le Portes de la nuit, Kiss Me Stupid, Don Giovanni, Round Midnight, Subway
15Criticism against auteur theory Credit for Round Midnight (1986)Producer: Irwin WinklerDirector: Bertrand TavernierWriter: David Rayfiel, Bertrand TavernierMusic: Harbie HancockEditor: Harmand PsennyProduction Design: Alexandre Trauner
16Criticism against auteur theory Positif, founded one year after Cahiers du cinema in 1952Firm opposition to author theoryA signed article naming the most overrated directors: Fritz Lang, Nicholas Ray, Howard Hawkes and Alfred Hitchcock
17Criticism against Auteur Theory Legitimacy of privileging a director - can a director be more important than his film?‘There are no good or bad films, but there are only good or bad directors.’ François Truffaut
18In the Case of Peter Weir Australian born and now working in HollywoodWorked in ATN-7 (a TV company in Sydney)Made documentaries for CFU
19In the Case of Peter Weir Picnic at Hanging Rock (1975)A tale of private-school girls who mysteriously disappear in the Australian outback.
20In the Case of Peter Weir Gallipoli (1981)Rural Australian boys are caught in the slaughter of WWI in Turkey.
21In the Case of Peter Weir The Year of Living Dangerously (1983),An Australian journalist is assisted by a local Indonesian cameraman while the third-world capital collapses.
22In the Case of Peter Weir Witness (1985)It brings a city detective into the unfamiliarworld of Pennsylvania’s Amish community.
23In the Case of Peter Weir The Mosquito Coast (1986)An American with his family tries to establishcivilization in a remote jungle and ending in adisaster.
24In the Case of Peter Weir Green Card (1990)A comedy in which a Frenchman tries to obtain a green card on bogus marriage with an American woman.
25In the Case of Peter Weir Truman Show (1998)A story of one man’s life not knowing that he is a star of a 24 hour TV series.
26Weir as an auteur Juxtaposition of : civilization and ‘primitiveness’; the knowableand the unknowable; culture and nature‘Clashes’ of civilizations and culturesErosion of humanity by civilization