Presentation on theme: "What is the Bush Meat Crisis? Candace Stevens. Definition of Bush Meat Wild animals that are slaughtered for sale and production of meat. Monkeys,"— Presentation transcript:
What is the Bush Meat Crisis? Candace Stevens
Definition of Bush Meat Wild animals that are slaughtered for sale and production of meat. Monkeys, apes, gorillas, antelope, rodents, bonobos, chimpanzees, and other primate species.
History Part of a very old African culture Hunter-gatherers Bushmen are the oldest inhabitants of southern Africa Hunted antelope but had a diet mainly consisting of fruits, nuts and roots Didn’t over-hunt Small population
The Main Factors Modern technology – introduction to automatic weaponry. Deforestation – opens up the rainforest to bush meat hunters providing easy access and transportation. Rise in populations – too many people and not enough food to feed them all. Traditional ways lost – in Africa the traditional ways weren’t harmful to the ecosystem and animals in it.
The Problem Not enough people to feed. Not enough ways to get food to people. Limited resources. Not enough public acknowledgement. Not enough legislation. Whose problem is it? Poaching makes it worse
Where? Mainly in Africa – “bush” Areas of dense forest, where there are not many ways to transport goods. South America South East Asia High risk zones are mainly in areas opened by deforestation
The Reality Apes are very similar to humans. Apes share within 96 and 99 percent of a human’s genetic code. The orphans that are too young to be turned into bush meat are neglected and left to starve to death.
Natural Habitat The natural habitat is being destroyed. Conservation efforts are not protected enough. Poachers pose an added threat. Deforestation again allows destruction making it easier for hunters.
Statistics As many as 8,000 apes die for bushmeat each year. Bush meat in markets only accounts for 40% of the total eaten. In the Congo basin between 1 and 5 million tons were consumed in 2003.
Biological Concerns People come in close contact with exotic animals Simian foamy virus Could mutate into something more harmful or humans could become resistant SIV infection was reported in 26 different species of African nonhuman primates.
Biological Concerns Disease is almost inevitable Open air markets are breeding ground for bacteria and disease. Outbreak of a common human parasite called Trichinella Chances are Trichinella could infect humans who eat the meat of an animal with it.
Frontier Issues The Ebola virus has been found in monkeys that are being slaughtered for bush meat. The dangers of it spreading are very high.
Using GPS New technology in GPS and GIS are helping take down Bush Meat camps. Locate camps in relation to markets and take them down.
Solutions? Conservation Raise public awareness Stop the bush meat trade Create international laws Legislation Animals need protective rights Stop deforestation
Future Organizations: Convention of Biological Diversity The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United States The International Tropical Timber Organization
Works Cited Avasthi, Amitabh. “Bush-meat Trade Breeds New HIV” New Scientist, August 7, 2004, v183, i2459: p8(1). Infotrac, College of the Sequoias Library, Visalia, CA, 28 Feb, Verrengia, Joseph B. “As Poachers Purge Jungles, Species Face Extinction.” Los Angeles Times, July 23, 2000, Part A: pg 1. News Bank Info Web. College of the Sequoias Library, Visalia, CA, 28 Feb Peterson, Dale, Eating Apes. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 2003.