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Page 1 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 Technology - Microelectronics - Knowledge - Language Some aspects of secret relationships between spectacular partners Technology.

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Presentation on theme: "Page 1 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 Technology - Microelectronics - Knowledge - Language Some aspects of secret relationships between spectacular partners Technology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Page 1 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 Technology - Microelectronics - Knowledge - Language Some aspects of secret relationships between spectacular partners Technology - Microelectronics - Knowledge - Language Some aspects of secret relationships between spectacular partners Giambattista Vico (Napoli 1709): >> verum et factum convertuntur; (fantastico universale) << (fantastico universale) <<

2 Page 2 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 Technology - Microelectronics - Knowledge - Language 1. Introduction 1.1 Inverse semantics 1.2 Anthropological concept of “Unity in Multiplicity” 2. Microelectronics – Perspectives and some new Questions 2.1 Example Infineon 2.2 “The Pig Cycle” 2.3 Dresden 3. On the evolution of Technology and Language 3.1 Semantic Anthropology - preconditions for “Truth” 3.2 The Will to Word – an Explosive Concept 3.3 Knowledge is a “secret” Question 3.4 Evolution of Technology 4. Culture and Semantics 3.1 From Neolithic Revolution to the invention of Mega Machine 3.2 Democracy and alternatives 3.3 Industrial and Information Society 3.4 The problem with “Truth” - on “Limits” of formalization 5. Unity in Multiplicity Technology - Microelectronics - Knowledge - Language 1. Introduction 1.1 Inverse semantics 1.2 Anthropological concept of “Unity in Multiplicity” 2. Microelectronics – Perspectives and some new Questions 2.1 Example Infineon 2.2 “The Pig Cycle” 2.3 Dresden 3. On the evolution of Technology and Language 3.1 Semantic Anthropology - preconditions for “Truth” 3.2 The Will to Word – an Explosive Concept 3.3 Knowledge is a “secret” Question 3.4 Evolution of Technology 4. Culture and Semantics 3.1 From Neolithic Revolution to the invention of Mega Machine 3.2 Democracy and alternatives 3.3 Industrial and Information Society 3.4 The problem with “Truth” - on “Limits” of formalization 5. Unity in Multiplicity

3 Page 3 Gerhard Luhn Udine Inverse Semantics

4 Page 4 Gerhard Luhn Udine Inverse Semantics

5 Page 5 Gerhard Luhn Udine Inverse Semantics Informatics: the ‘+’ and ‘-’ commands, which actually have inverse semantics; ‘+’ means go faster, decreasing this factor, and similar for ‘-’. Informatics: the ‘+’ and ‘-’ commands, which actually have inverse semantics; ‘+’ means go faster, decreasing this factor, and similar for ‘-’. Psychology: ‘Inversion’ is a common creativity technique. Psychology: ‘Inversion’ is a common creativity technique. Inverse Semantics: Knowledge is also always a potential Question. Overcome the actual system boundaries by introducing new ideas. Our Mind is a real open system – be proud of it and use it! Inverse Semantics: Knowledge is also always a potential Question. Overcome the actual system boundaries by introducing new ideas. Our Mind is a real open system – be proud of it and use it!

6 Page 6 Gerhard Luhn Udine Inverse Semantics

7 Page 7 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 Wolf Singer: the architecture of the brain as a model for complex cities. In the beginning only few system elements: hierarchical, centralized top-down-structures (villages, prehistoric live). Optimization of Information flows, minimization of energy consumption: self organization of unit components (i.e. networks of streets, people, local centers) „binding problem“. Construct cities not as a whole (Brasilia), of self organization Internet as a model of brain structure ? 1.1 Inverse Semantics

8 Page 8 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 Giambattista Vico (Napoli 1709): The spectacular Emergence of Language within the >>universale fantastico<< („explosive“ Dimensions of Knowledge: Language mobilizes Thinking, Art and Culture) Giambattista Vico (Napoli 1709): The spectacular Emergence of Language within the >>universale fantastico<< („explosive“ Dimensions of Knowledge: Language mobilizes Thinking, Art and Culture) 1.2 Anthropological Concept of “Unity in Multiplicity”

9 Page 9 Gerhard Luhn Udine Information processing in Neural Nets The „Binding problem“: not only true for „Gestalt“, but also for Organization (Central Power vs. Decentralized Democracy)

10 Page 10 Gerhard Luhn Udine Inverse Semantics - the Risked Reason Philosophical Anthropology (physicians in the 18. and 19. century): Man is not the triumphing creature - running from victory to victory. A lot of defects can be shown on Man in comparison to animals. But Man is able to compensate those defects with his mind. With this concept of ”homo compensator” (Odo Marquard) the strengths and defects of human evolution can be characterised. The Risked Reason: - appearance of the black wall of the future - Semantic stability of knowledge becomes a problem

11 Page 11 Gerhard Luhn Udine Microelectronics – Example Infineon 2.1 Infineon‘s Global DRAM Network - Today

12 Page 12 Gerhard Luhn Udine Infineon - Top Ranking from 9 to 6 In the last 4 years: Nr. 1 Security and Chipcard Nr. 2 Automotove Nr. 1: - Ethernet via VDSL - ISDN - 40 Gigabit (WAN-MAN) Nr. 2: SHDSL Top 3 Manufacturer for GSM-ICs Leading in High Frequency (Silicon Discretes) Nr. 4 Memory Products Nr. 6 within the Top 10 Quelle: Top 10 Ranking:IC Insights, Juli 2002 Intel TI Toshiba Infineon Samsung ST Micro Motorola Philips NEC TSMC 1HY011HY02 Umsatz Mrd US $: 1% -14% -29% -5% 7% -18% -16% -25% 15% 1 HY 02 1 HY

13 Page 13 Gerhard Luhn Udine „The Pig Cycle“ Median Growth for : Semiconductor:15,0 % Pharma 9,8 % Electo 8,7 % Chemy 3,6 % Halbleiter Pharma Elektro -50 % 100% 150% 200% 250% 300% Chemie Quelle: McKinsey Jahr 1990 = 100 % 400%

14 Page 14 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 Office-Building Parking CR-Module Gowning- Area Wafer-Test Backend Facilities Gas-Farm 300mm Site Support CMP 2.3 Production site Dresden - bird’s eye view

15 Page 15 Gerhard Luhn Udine The clean room Only 3.5 m of height is reserved for the production of the semiconductors chips; the remaining space belongs to the supply area Quelle: Sommerschule für Mikroelektronik - Dresden, Hr. Leitermann

16 Page 16 Gerhard Luhn Udine View into the clean room Quelle: Sommerschule für Mikroelektronik - Dresden, Hr. Leitermann

17 Page 17 Gerhard Luhn Udine to 800 process steps - 3 weeks to 3 months (24h/day, 7 days/week) - 50 products -> equipment setups - dynamic, networked process flow 2.3 Production Process

18 Page 18 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 Compared with a soccer field, the dimensions of nowadays chips (less 0,1 μm) are less than 1 mm. Gate Array Abstract Cell Standard Cell 2.3 Product Dimensions

19 Page 19 Gerhard Luhn Udine Moore‘s Law: Example 64M SDRAM 0.35µm mm µm - 83 mm µm - 62 mm µm - 43 mm µm - 32 mm µm - 25 mm 2 Never stop shrinking! 64M DRAM G1G

20 Page 20 Gerhard Luhn Udine Process Flow / DRAM Planar Technology growths into the 3rd Dimension p- Fuse Bank

21 Page 21 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 „GC“ WSi Wordlines (cell transistor gate) Bitlines (to sense amplifier) „M1“ AlCu stitching Wordlines M2 lines (power, signals) Trench capacitor (8 µm depth) 2.3 DRAM Trench Cell principle

22 Page 22 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 Process step: choose Machine, control Machine status Process step: choose Machine, control Machine status Conditions Actions : invented by Operator : modified by Operator : defined by Engineer 2.4 Knowledge Emergence within the “Pig Cyle” ?

23 Page 23 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 Neueren Arbeiten zufolge wurden die Pyramidenbauer aus der aegyptischen Bevölkerung rekrutiert. Neuartig war allerdings die Erfindung eines entsprechend umfassenden „Arbeitssystems“, das selbst wiederum zum Wissensaufbau in der Bevölkerung beitrug. Organisation und Installierung von Machtstrukturen als exteriorialisierte Körperlichkeit 1.1 Introduction: Semantic Gravitation and Resonance

24 Page 24 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 On the one hand –since k years we perceive technological innovations, which sustainable change ourselves and create our culture improved hunting by the invention of modern diversified techniques, also by the organization of time (i.e. table of moon phases) invention of agriculture: invention of culture built pyramids Invent democracy (distributed knowledge organization) took less then a decade to invent moon rocket Takes a half-century for politicians to peacefully create better institutions like the EU and the € Euro. 1.1 Introduction: Semantic Gravitation and Resonance The Will to Word – an Explosive Concept

25 Page 25 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 On the other hand –since k years technological innovations, which pushed us dramatically in problem areas “Overkill” in north america. Anything that disrupts food for urban populations risks a spectacular crash. End of Egyptian culture due to inflexibility in their centralized cultural organization (“mega-machine”). Took less then a decade to invent atomic bomb. Concepts of “Artificial Intelligence” never succeeded as promised. “Capitalism unmasked” (Noam Chomsky): Risk of re-invention of mega-machine (centralized knowledge organization) –William H. Calvin: We’re recently risen apes, you realize that there simply hasn’t been much time in which to evolve a less buggy version 2.0. –Out of Africa occurred too soon after creative intelligence evolved in Africa. 1.1 Introduction: Semantic Gravitation and Resonance The Will to Word – an Explosive Concept

26 Page 26 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 start target 1 2 Neural Net external aktivations internal aktivations body perceptor operator target start 3. On the evolution of technology and language 3.1 Information processing in Neural Nets

27 Page 27 Gerhard Luhn Udine On the evolution of technology and language 3.1 Semantic Gravitation Semantic Gravitation and Resonance: distributed connectivity (verteilte Gebundenheit)... be attracted by an action or a solution !

28 Page 28 Gerhard Luhn Udine On the evolution of technology and language 3.1 Semantic Gravitation and Resonance

29 Page 29 Gerhard Luhn Udine Knowledge is a “secret” Question (1/2) Personal-conceptual, nonverbal, but abstract implicit knowledge: categories of thinking (space, time, causality) Know- How body actor X Real X Self X Reg Action goals Spontaneous, creative processes, structural new ideas (“Gestalt”) Feeling perceptor operator 1. Generation of Instability / Indetermination 2. Projection of body scheme / reality / goal 3. „Abstraction“ through repetition, i.e. multiple repetitions of networked ways -> spontaneous creation of a new classes/ideas “Truth” „Gestalt“, Thermodynamically characterizable structure Knowledge is not an atomic, but a distributed creation (unity in multiplicity)

30 Page 30 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 Example „standing waves“: - Completely new problem situation - Important measurement error - Follow up process with undefined Tolerances Solution: - Activation of tacit, implicit Knowledge from unconnected Experience Contexts - Overcoming the actual boundaries of the Cognitive System by inventing new “idea” - i.e. introduction of a anti reflexion layer Example „standing waves“: - Completely new problem situation - Important measurement error - Follow up process with undefined Tolerances Solution: - Activation of tacit, implicit Knowledge from unconnected Experience Contexts - Overcoming the actual boundaries of the Cognitive System by inventing new “idea” - i.e. introduction of a anti reflexion layer 3.2 Knowledge is a “secret” Question (1/2)

31 Page 31 Gerhard Luhn Udine 2004 Creation of Culture 3.2 Semantic Anthropology

32 Page 32 Gerhard Luhn Udine Semantic Anthropology

33 Page 33 Gerhard Luhn Udine Semantic Anthropology

34 Page 34 Gerhard Luhn Udine Semantic Anthropology


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