Presentation on theme: "Iceland’s mountains are always covered in snow, called snow-caps or glaciers. Some glaciers can be as high as 1km!"— Presentation transcript:
Iceland’s mountains are always covered in snow, called snow-caps or glaciers. Some glaciers can be as high as 1km!
Eyjafjallajökull (77 km 2 )
Eyjafjallajökull Mýrdalsjökull Satellite picture of Southern Iceland showing Eyjafjallajökull and the neighbouring glacier, Mýrdalsjökull
Below Eyjafjallajökull’s thick layer of ice is an active volcano. The volcano is not visible from normal satellite photography.
Aerial view of Eyjafjallajökull
Closer aerial view of Eyjafjallajökull showing the glacier outlet with ice melting to form a lake
Ground view of Eyjafjallajökull glacier outlet. Yes – the glacier is BLUE colour.
Eyjafjallajökull as seen from the main coastal highway
Eyja-fjalla-jökull: Eyja = island Fjalla = mountain Jökull = glacier It is pronounced: "AY-uh--fyat-luh--YOE-kuutl-uh"
This pretty village is called Eyjafjallajökull and has a total population of 25 people! This pretty village is called Skogar. It lies just south of Eyjafjallajökull and has a total population of 25 people!
Skogar is famous for it’s magnificent watarfall, Skogafoss. Eyjafjallajökull. Its water comes from the melting ice from Eyjafjallajökull.
Eyjafjallajökull erupted In March 2010 Eyjafjallajökull erupted It was a small fissure explosion
Tourists came flocking to check out the explosion
Eyjafjallajökull’s volcano erupted for the 2 nd time. In April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull’s volcano erupted for the 2 nd time.
The 2 nd eruption spewed ash several kilometers into the atmosphere and caused Europe’s airspace to close for many days
Skogafoss covered in ash
Conditions of heavy smoke and ash in a nearby farm
Satellite picture showing volcanic ash being blown towards Great Britain
The melting glacier caused massive flooding
Melted glacier water mixed with volcanic ash flooding down the glacier outlet
Dirtied glacier water flooding the valley
Aerial view of the flood from an airplane
Some 800 people had to be evacuated due to the flooding
A man takes a picture of a road that has been washed away by flood
The eruption gave excellent opportunities for spectacular photography
Like magma lightning
The past 3 Eyjafjallajökull eruptions in 920, 1612 & 1921 preceeded eruptions of Katla, a brother volcano located in the neighbouring Mýrdalsjökull glacier whose underground magma network is connected to Eyjafjallajökull
Mýrdalsjökull Location of Katla in relation Location of Katla in relation to Eyjafjallajökull Eyjafjallajökull Katla volcano (buried beneath glacier)
Eyjafjallajökull eruption has (on 20 th April 2010) triggered Icelandic Katla is much more active and known for its powerful subglacial eruptions and its large magma chamber. It erupts every years. The last eruption was in 1918, and the Eyjafjallajökull eruption has (on 20 th April 2010) triggered Icelandic President Olafur Grimsson to say, “the time for Katla to erupt is coming close... we [Iceland] have prepared... it is high time for European governments and airline authorities all over the world to start planning for the eventual Katla eruption”
THE QUESTION IS:
Will you be there when Katla eventually erupts?