Presentation on theme: "“ADRESSING THE CHALLENGE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE” KICHR, Sudan 18 & 19/12/06 Nicos Kalatzis Research Associate -Themistokles & Dimitris Tsatsos Foundation &"— Presentation transcript:
“ADRESSING THE CHALLENGE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE” KICHR, Sudan 18 & 19/12/06 Nicos Kalatzis Research Associate -Themistokles & Dimitris Tsatsos Foundation & Expert on Social Policy-The Hellenic Ministry of Economy & Finance
‘Timing’ global focus on ‘G’ NATIONAL ISSUE:-90’s : International ‘No competency’ World BankAWARENCE: 94-97 World Bank: SRSs - Corruption (+11% on G loans) MONITORING:2000- ‘G’ monitoring... assesment
World Bank Definition for G “Governance is a policy producing system, characterized by predictable and transparent processes, a bureaucracy permeated by professional ethos, an executive government sector responsible for its acts and a strong civil society participating to public affairs, as well as by the fact that all of the above happen on the basis of the State of law”.
UN Definition for G “Governance is a process through which institutions, corporations and citizen’s groups organize their interests, exercise their rights and obligations and mediate their differences”.
Goverment and Governance (G) Goverment = control, ultimately impose coersion, G= steering, because achieving public goods via coordinating, mediating, mobilizing, co-shaping
Goverment and G (con.) Govermement as sole competency of politico- administrative structures, state’s sovereign will G cooperation among different governmental and non-governmental actors with diverse interests. (state, market, civil society)
Directions for Administrative Reform 90s and 00s- -mid80’s: introducing market logic and market- making policies 1.New Public Management (MBO - TQM) 2. ‘quasi-market’ & Privatisation -mid 90’s: G non legally (but costly)binding instruments 1.steer, guide coprorate and civic actors action plans (NAP on poverty), 2. Open method of coordination, benchmarking(on socio- economic governance),
Why adress G? Driving Forces Spectacular increase of financial flows to non developped Countries Un-effectiveness of development assistance (import- subsituting) epistemic shift: ‘institutional economics’ and ‘democratic theory’
‘Mapping’ major international initiatives on G W.B. ‘leading role’: from awareness to 1.‘horizontal’ expertise on Local G and post-crisis & 2.monitoring: Indicators UNDP- DAC/OECD ‘Join Forces’: 1.‘tailor-made’ G strategies 2.2005 ‘Initiative on Good G in the Arab Countries’ Commitment of the African Countries
World Bank G Indicators Objective: ‘Ranking’ through unified indicators Coverage: 200 countries Variables: 350 objective/estimations diffused and Widely used by international public and corporate organizations
World Bank Indicators ‘Clusters’ 6 areas of G: Expression of opinion and accountability Political stability and absence of major violence and terrorism Existence of criteria for the measurement of the efficiency of government...
World Bank Indicators Clusters The existence of a system ensuring legislative and regulatory quality The guarantee of the effective function of the state of law, and The existence of institutionalized and exercised controls for corruption.
G INDICATOR’S (MIS)USE Enough Transparency and long-term Comparability? How correlate judgemental VS objective ones? GDP- G ‘Econometric Fallacy’? Rating as ‘De facto’ assesment?
Are there altentatives? UNDP ‘Oslo Programme’ : ‘core’ & ‘satellite’ pro-poor and gender ‘METAGORA project’ E.U. sponsored, Oslo G Center + Indian Council+ E.U. M-C: local statistical authorities for national prioritization