3INDIA -at-a-GlanceSeventh largest country, comprised of 28 states with 6 union territories and 1 National TerritoryDiverse religious culture dates to 2800 BCHindi is the Official language though each state can specify its own official languageEnglish is the Secondary official language also called as the Language of commerce.Is the second most populous nation after China. Current Population in 2012 is billion. This is expected to become 1.4 billion by 2026 and 1.6 billion by 2050.32% of population resides in urban areas. Mumbai is most populous city: 16 million people. After this comes New Delhi with a population of 13 million and then Kolkata with a population of 13 million95% of the population is below the age of 64 years; 30% is less than 14 years and 65% is between 15 to 64 years (USA : 13.5% is above 60 yrs & 20% is less than 14 years)
5Higher Education in India (At Independence & Now) At the time of Independence (1947):27 universities serving 174,000 students.Today (2012) India has:>500 universities>25,000 colleges>7,000 technical institutes>13 million studentsLakh = 100,000Source: V. Prakash, Economic and Political Weekly, August 4, 2007.
6Regulatory Framework Governing Higher Education in India Central GovernmentState GovernmentMHRD and multiple other ministriesAccreditation bodies –NAAC, NBARegulatory councils/professional councils (e.g. UGC, AICTE)Departments/Councils of Higher/Technical EducationHigher Education InstitutionsNAAC= National Assessment and Accreditation CouncilThe regulatory framework governing higher education in India is complex with both the central and state governments sharing roles and responsibilitiesThere are multiple statutory and professional bodies overseeing key activities in their domains: University Grants Commission
7Higher Education Categorization TypeNumberExampleUniversities>500Central44University of DelhiState285University of MumbaiDeemed130Indian Institute of SciencePrivate112Amity UniversityOpen14Indira Gandhi National Open UniversityTechnical Institutes>7,000Netaji Subhas Institute of TechnologyAutonomous Organizations/Institutes100IIT, NIT, IISERs, NISER, IIMColleges>25,000Professional Institutes>400NIITMedical335All India Institute of Medical ScienceAgricultural Institutes54Indian Agricultural Research InstituteIndira Ghandi: largest univ in the world; The Peoples University.In India, most universities and almost all research institutes are public. There are private colleges – these are mostly Engineering schools.A university is an institution of higher education and research, which grants academic degrees in a variety of subjects. A university provides both undergraduate education and postgraduate education.Indian Institutes of Management: to provide high quality management education; prestigious business schoolsCentral university: Central universities, or Union universities are established by Act of Parliament and are under the purview of the Department of Higher Education in the Union Human Resource Development Ministry.Private universities are approved by the UGC. They can grant degrees but they are not allowed to have off-campus affiliated colleges.[10The higher education system in India includes both private and public universities. Public universities are supported by the Government of India and the state governments, while private universities are mostly supported by various bodies and societies. Universities in India are recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956. In addition, 15 Professional Councils are established, controlling different aspects of accreditation and coordination.[Each of the Indian states has at least one Central University. Central universities are better funded than StateDeemed university is a status of autonomy granted to high performing institutes and departments of various universities in India. It is granted by the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India. The deemed university status enables not just full autonomy in setting course work and syllabus of those institutes and research centers, but also allows it to set its own guidelines for the admissions, fees, and instructions to the students. The parent universities of these deemed universities cannot control its administration, though the degrees of deemed universities are awarded by the parent universities. However, many deemed universities are allowed to award degrees under their own nameThe pattern of education in Open University and Distance Eduaction is same. The open university has no affiliated colleges under its control where as the UGC recognised university has affiliated colleges under its control. A deemed University is one which proclaims itself as a University under UGC rules. Generally, the colleges which have PG, Engineering, and other professional courses, proclaim themselves as Deemed Universities. These are also equally good in standards. They will not have any affiliated colleges under their control. They give their own degrees. All courses in these deemed universities are regular on campus. however, some deemed universities are also having distance education programmes including research degrees. Open Universities in India provide the facility of distance education to people who are unable to pursue regular courses. Distance education is provided on Academic, Technical and Professional subjects. These universities offer undergraduate, post graduate and doctoral programs. They also offer diploma and certificate level courses. The open universities in India are regulated by the Distance Education Council of India (DEC). It is an organization based in New Delhi which maintains the standards, encourages and organizes the activities of Open and Distance learning in India(ODL). Medical Colleges: must be recognized by the Medical College of India
9Growing Privatization in Higher Education Making the Indian higher education system future ready. FICCI Higher Education Summit Ernst & YoungPercentage of unaided private institutionsPercentage of students in unaided private institutions
12STM Journal Publishing Industry Approx 2000 Publishers Worldwide25000 Journals 3% p.a.)Revenue 8-9 Billion US$ (English Language Journals)4 Commercial Publishers (Elsevier, Wiley, T & F, Springer) accounts for 50% RevenueRemaining 50% revenue accounts for primarily titles produced by societies.
13STM Journal Publishing Industry Data courtesy of Wiley-BlackwellRoughly 2000 STM Publishers worldwide publishing 25K journals—new journals growing by 3.0% per yearAnnual revenues from English language journals is ~$8-9BFour commercial players account for close to 50% of all journals published1.5M peer reviewed articles published annually—growing by 3.5%
14Science & Engineering Articles Region19952009ChangeWorld564,644788,34740%United States193,337208,6018%European Union195,897248,65627%Japan47,06849,6275%China9,06174,019717%India9,37019,917113%Brazil3,43612,306258%Between 1999 and 2009, the total world S&E article output in the SCI/SSCI database grew at an average annual rate of 2.6% (table 5-17). Leading this growth was China at 16.8% per year, which propelled it from ninth largest S&E article producer in 1999 to second largest in 2009 behind the United States. Very rapid growth of over 10% per year was also experienced by South Korea and, from low bases, by Iran, Tunisia, Thailand, Pakistan, and Malaysia.Viewed regionally, growth in S&E article output over the decade has been uneven. Mature economies had modest growth or decline: the United States averaged 1.0%, EU member countries 1.4%, while Japan declined by –1.1% per year and Russia by –2.0%. Developing economies, mainly in Asia, far outpaced this growth in S&E articles, where China (16.8%) and South Korea (10.1%) were joined by Taiwan at 7.7%, Singapore at 8.2%, and India at 6.9% (table 5-17and appendix table 5-27).The research portfolios of the U.S., EU, and Asian economies differ in important ways (NSB 2010; and appendix tables5-27 through 5-40):China and Japan emphasize the physical sciences more than the United States and European Union;The United States, European Union, and Japan produce relatively more articles in the life sciences than China or other Asian nations; andS&E research publications with authors in Asian countries are more heavily concentrated in engineering than those with authors in the United States or European Union.Countries in Central and South America together increased their S&E article output between 1999 and 2009 at an annual rate of 5.6%. Brazil had the highest growth rate in the region, at 7.7% (table 5-17 and appendix table5-27).The countries or other entities with indexed S&E articles are always evolving. In the current volume, 199 receive credit for publishing S&E articles (appendix table 5-25). Of these, a small number account for most of the publications. Table 5-17 shows that five countries (the United States, China, Japan, the United Kingdom, and Germany) accounted for more than 50% of the total world S&E article output in The 49 countries in table 5-17—one quarter of the countries in the data—produced 98% of the world total of S&E articles.The number of journals covered by SCI/SSCI has expanded to accommodate the rising number of research articles. Most of the increase reflects activity in new S&T centers. Figure 5-22 shows how the number of published articles has grown over the past 20 years, from 485,000 articles in 1989 to 788,000 in Non-U.S. articles have increasingly dominated world S&E article output, growing from 63% to 74% of the total.The expansion of non-U.S. S&E articles signals the return on decades of increased investments in higher education and the more recent conviction that R&D is essential to economic growth and competitiveness. It also reflects a slowdown in the growth of U.S. S&E article output to around 1% or less in recent years.NOTES: Article counts from set of journals covered by Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). Articles classified by year of publication and assigned to region/country/economy on basis of institutional address(es) listed on article. Articles on fractional-count basis, i.e., for articles with collaborating institutions from multiple countries/economies, each country/economy receives fractional credit on basis of proportion of its participating institutions. Detail may not add to total because of rounding.SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, and The Patent BoardTM, special tabulations (2011) from Thomson Reuters, SCI and SSCI,Science and Engineering Indicators After US, Europe, Japan, Russia (but declining)China 9, , %South Korea 3, , %India 9, , %Taiwan 4, , %Brazil 3, , %Region/country/economy ChangeWorld 564, , %European Union 195, , %United States 193, , %Asia 76, , %Japan 47, , %United Kingdom 45, , %Germany 37, , %France 28, , %Italy 17, , %Other Western Europe 13, , %Central/South America 9, , %Spain 11, , %Near East/North Africa 9, , %Other former USSR 22, , %Netherlands 12, , %Russia 18, , %National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, and The Patent BoardTM, special tabulations (2011) from Thomson Reuters, SCI and SSCI,
15Science & Engineering Articles The EU leads the world in numbers of S&E articles published, but the United States continues to be the top country producer.China produced 9% of the world's S&E articles in It ranked 14th in 1995 with a 2% world share and rose to become the second largest country producer in 2007, overtaking Japan.Asia's combined S&E research article volume is approaching parity with U.S. and EU output.Science and Engineering Indicators: 2012 Digest l Arlington, VA (NSB 12-02) l January 2012
16PhDs In India, China, Brazil & S. Korea The investment in education and the associated information resources is paying off as India has been seeing growth in the number of PhDs. While still below some of the other developing countries noted on this chart, India has seen great gains in the past 10 years.
17STM publishing market size Global market$21 billionIndia$300 millionConsortia use metrics … often some other defining factors, content saves lives
18Market Size (Non-IndianJournals) India -2012 Print:Electronic:Total:(All figures in Million US$ )
19Growing Indian Economy 9th largest economy by GDPBy 2050, India’s GDP is projected to surpass that of the US and Japan and be second only to ChinaOne of fastest-growing economies. Since economic reforms of 1991, foreign trade has increased from 14% GDP to 43% GDPCommanding market forces
20INDIA: Subscriber Base Until recently, all research institutions and universities in India shared subscriptions to only 2,500 of 50,000 journalsTypical university subscribes to <200 journalsMany smaller colleges/institutions subscribe to <100 journalsMost colleges, including those with advanced degree programs, lack the resources for any international journal subscriptionsIndia’s fast-growing economy makes it a strong opportunity for publishers looking to increase salesCurrent market for academic journals estimated at $300 million$225 million (75%) is allocated to electronic journalsRemaining 25% allocated to print + online/print only subscriptionsAs one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, India is attractive to publishers looking to increase sales. Sales agents in the region estimate that the current market size for academic journals in India is approximately $175 million. About 40% is allocated to electronic journals, while the remaining 60% is allocated to print plus online or print subscriptions. As with other regions of the world, the trend in India is for institutions to migrate to electronic journal subscriptions.A typical university in India subscribes to fewer than two hundred international journals. Many smaller colleges and institutions subscribe to fewer than a hundred journals. Most colleges, including those with postgraduate and doctoral programs, do not have financial resources to subscribe to any international journals. Their subscription list includes few Indian journals and a few popular magazines. Even some Indian universities do not subscribe to any international journals. About 50,000 scholarly journals are estimated to be published today. Until recently, all research institutions and universities in India had combined subscriptions to only around 2,500 journals and those were in print.
22ConsortiaConsortia-purchased subscriptions, at nearly $35 million annually, account for nearly half of India’s expenditures.Prior to forming consortia, access to e-journals was limited to a small number of research institutions and central universities. Primarily serving higher education and R&D institutions.There are 15 major consortia purchasing electronic content.8 are in the medical and life sciences5 are in science and technology1 is in biotechnology1 is in agricultureBefore the establishment of government-funded library consortia, the access to e-journals was restricted to premier institutions like the Indian Institutes of Science, Indian Institutes of Technology, and the Indian Institutes of Medicine, and a few central universities who were subscribing to a few electronic resources such as bibliographic databases on CD ROM, a few print+online journals, and a negligible fraction of online only journals.Just as in other countries, India is moving toward forming consortia and collectively buying electronic content. Currently, there are 10 consortia in India: four in the medical and life sciences, four in science and technology, one in biotechnology, and one in agriculture. Consortia spend in India is approximately $35 million annually, accounting for nearly half of the country’s total expenditure for all electronic resources.INDEST-AICTE Consortium and UGC-INFONET Digital Library Consortium are discussing the possibility of extending access to all public and private colleges in India under the National Library and Information Services Infrastructure (N-LIST). As a first step, it has been decided to formulate a plan for cross-subscription to e-resources subscribed by the two consortia for their respective members and extending access to e-resources cost-effectively.
23Major Consortia in India AcronymEstabOrganizing GroupFundingContent FocusAnnual SpendNKRC (CSIR-DST)2002NISCAIRCSIR & DST , GoIS&TRs 600 m($108,300)INDEST-AICTE2003IIT, DelhiMHRDGoIS&T, HumanitiesUGC-INFONET 2.0INFLIBNETUGCRs 2100 m($216,600)DRDO2007DRDO, MoD, GoIRs 200 mCeRAIARIICAR, GoIAgricultureRs 100 mDeLCON2009NBRCDBT, GoIBiomedicalRs 80 mHELINETRGUHSMedical/ HealthNLIST2010All SubjectsDAEDAE/UGCCurrently, there more than a dozen major consortia in India: four in the medical and life sciences, four in science and technology, one in biotechnology, and one in agriculture.Some points on the present situation of India’s consortia:Primarily serving higher education and R&D institutionsAccess to adequate knowledge resourcesAdequate funding is availableLibraries/institutions have established new departments to operate/manage consortiaDemand for resources and extent of relevance is strictly gauged by usage dataINFLIBNET: Almost all subject disciplines including arts, humanities, social sciences, physical sciences, chemical sciences, life sciences, computer sciences, mathematics and statistics, etc.
24Major Consortia (continued) AcronymOrganizing GroupFundingContent FocusNTRMEDNETMedical/ HealthBFUHS - HSLIBNETBaba Farid University of Heath Sciences - Health Sciences Library NetworkHealth SciencesERMEDNLM, The Tamilnadu Dr. MGR Medical UniversityMOHFWMedical/HealthDMERMUHSMaharastra University of Health ScienceMedical/HealthGujarat ConsortiumGujarat
25Increasing Access to Content Since content downloads is a primary way that librarians make buying decisions, I thought it might be interesting to show you some data that one of the larger consortiums, INFLIBNET has produced. Here you see that as a result of the increased access to content, the number of downloads has increased by 9.6M or 300% over the last 5 years.Downloads from INFLIBNET constituents grows by 9.6M or more than 300% over 5 year period.
26Decreasing Cost Per Download This tremendous increase in access means that the cost per download, one of the key buying metrics, is going down significantly. For INFLIBNET, their cost per download in 2007 was $2.07 and as of the end of 2011, it had dropped by 92 cents or 47 percent. To put this in perspective, when OSA is looking at what libraries might cancel in any given year, we look at any library whose cost per download is higher than $4.00 As you see, the discounts that are being offered to the Indian market and the increased access of content makes the CPD for INFLIBNET, and the other India consortiums who likely have similar stats, very compelling.Cost per download (CPD) is a major driver for libraries when deciding what to purchaseINFLIBNET CPD has decreased by $0.92 or 47% in the last 5 years.
27Expected Growth Areas Growth Expected at a rate of 30% (P.A.) 9 New Indian Institutes of Technology6 Indian Institutes of Management5 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research16 New Central Universities4 International Universities16 Proposed Medical Colleges with IITsPrivate Investments in EducationLarger revenue spend on Higher Education and ResearchNew Market for Current journals and archivesGrowth Expected at a rate of 30% (P.A.)
29 A BRIEF PROFILE GPPL - Overview A BRIEF PROFILEIncorporated in 1962, Globe Publication Pvt. Ltd. today represents a leading Subscription Agency in Asia and deals with all major societies/ publishers world-wideAs an international subscription agency ‘Globe’ has a five-decade of experience & has enjoyed firm support from publishers & the libraries. The loyalty & the constant addition of new clients since the inception of GPPL have given us a leading edge amongst the periodical supplies in the region.
30Subscribers we Service Academic LibrariesCorporate LibrariesGovernment LibrariesHealth and Hospital LibrariesResearch LibrariesConsortiaPharmaceutical CompaniesIndividuals and Professionals
31Products we Offer E Journals E Archives E Books Print Journals DatabasesFederated Search
32GPPL – Markets CoveredGPPL has managed to create a strong presence in India, South Asia as well as South-East Asia. Currently the markets covered by GPPL are:
33GPPL – Sales Force GPPL – Sales Force Total (India) 18 Region : INDIA Branch#Sales ForceNew Delhi5Mumbai4Kolkata3Bangalore1BhubneshwarChennaiHyderabadLucknowGuwahatiTotal (India)18Region : South East AsiaBranch# Sales ForceThailand3Indonesia1Philippines 1MalaysiaVietnamRegion : South AsiaSri Lanka`Total (South & SE Asia)8
34GPPL Team: Arindam Roy Business Development Manager - East Rajesh PanditBusiness Development Manager – West & SouthVineet BhardwajBusiness Development Manager – NorthRohini PillaiBusiness Development Executive– SouthMonika GuptaMarketing Co-ordinatorBharti GogiaManager - Operations
35GPPL – Verticals Subscription Services Publisher Services Distribution Services
37Services Offered to Publishers Publisher ServicesServices Offered to PublishersGPPL has unique understanding of the Asian market and offers various ways for publishers to provide exposure to their publications and in turn increase revenue.It offers a variety of services to suit the needs of the publisher as mentioned below:Marketing , Sales & PromotionE-journalsPrint JournalsE-booksConsortia and Large Customer Negotiations
38GPPL – Marketing Services GPPL understands that success is a direct result of knowing how to market a brandand having right people representing the brand. GPPL thus offers a variety ofmarking services for publishers which include:Market MappingTargeted Mailings and sTelemarketingOnline PromotionsRoad ShowsConferences and ExhibitionsPersonal Visits
40Product / Publisher (represented by GPPL) MEDICAL / LIFE SCIENCES / BIOTECHNOLOGY ConsortiaS.No.ConsortiaProduct / Publisher (represented by GPPL)1NML-ERMEDAmerican Academy of PediatricsIOS PressBritish Medical JournalCambridge University PressWiley-Blackwell2DMERInforma Health Care3Gujarat Medical ConsortiumWolter Kluwer Health4NTRMEDNETRadiological Society of North America5HSLIBNETElsevier ScienceKarger6DELCONAmerican Society of Plant BiologistsAmerican7HELINET8Kerala Unviersity of Health ScienceProposals under Consideration
41NON- MEDICAL Consortia . S.No.ConsortiaProduct / Publisher (represented by GPPL)1INDESTAmerican Mathematical SocietyAmerical Institute of Physics /American Physical Society & other associated societies2UGC INFONETAmerical Institute of Physics/American Physical Society & other associated societies3N-LISTTaylor & FrancisSpringer Verlag
42Following Publishers are represented Exclusively by GPPL: Exclusive PublishersFollowing Publishers are represented Exclusively by GPPL:American Academy of PediatricsAmerican College of Chest PhysiciansAmerican Mathematical SocietyAmerican Nuclear SocietyAmerican Society for Plant BiologistsCanadian Medical Association JournalIOS PressJournal of Bone & Joint Surgery –American Vol.Optical Society of North AmericaRadiological Society of North America
47DAY – ONE (25th Feb 2013)Gurudwara Bangla SahebJama MasjidLotus TempleHotel HyattOld Delhi – Spice MarketHumayun TombGandhi Residence
48Publishers-Consortia Meet, Venue : JNU Committee Room, Central Library DAY – TWO (26th Feb 2013 ) TIMEPublishers-Consortia Meet, Venue : JNU Committee Room, Central LibraryWelcome AddressDr. R.C Gaur, University Librarian JNUIntroductionMr. Jaideep GurwaraLibrary & Information Consortia with Reference to IndiaDr. Jagdish Arora, Director INFLIBNETAmerican Academy of NeurologyMs. Margaret Patricia Krogh Baskin-Executive Editor, NeurologyAmerican Society for MicrobiologyMs. Nichole Ridgeway -Marketing Manager JournalsBotanical Society of AmericaMr. William Mark Dahl-Executive DirectorFASEB Office of PublicationsMs. Barbara Anne Walker-Content Licensing and Sales ManagerTEA BREAK
49Consortia - Presentations DAY – TWO (26th Feb 2013 ) Contd..TimeConsortia - PresentationsCERA-Consortium For e-Resource In AgricultureDr. H. ChandrasekaranINDEST-Indian National Digital Library in Engineering Science & TechnologyDr. B.D GuptaDELCON (DBT-Electronic Library Consortium)Mr. DD LalDESIDOC- Defence Research and Development Organisation, (DRDO), Ministry of Defence, Government of IndiaDr. Ashok KumarNKRC (National Knowledge Resource Consortia) of CSIR-DST E-Journals ConsortiumMr. Prakash ChandOpen DiscussionLunch
50Publishers-Author's Workshop, Venue: JNU, Convention Centre, Audi 1 DAY – TWO (26th Feb 2013 ) Contd..TimePublishers-Author's Workshop, Venue: JNU, Convention Centre, Audi 1Welcome NoteDr. Ramesh .C Gaur, University Librarian, JNUHow to write & get published with society publishersMs. Margaret Patricia Krogh Baskin, Ms. Marjory Spraycar, Ms. Geetika SarinChallenges faced by Indian Authors (JNU Faculty)Open Discussion
51Publishers-Librarian Meet, Venue: India Habitat Centre, Maple Hall DAY – THREE (27th Feb 2013 )TIMEPublishers-Librarian Meet, Venue: India Habitat Centre, Maple HallIntroductionMr. Jaideep GurwaraOpening AddressDr. S. Venkadesan,Librarian-JRD Tata Memorial Library, Indian School Of BusinessAmerican Academy of NeurologyMs. Margaret Patricia Krogh Baskin-Executive Editor, NeurologyAmerican Society for MicrobiologyMs. Nichole Ridgeway -Marketing Manager JournalsTEA BREAKBotanical Society of AmericaMr. William Mark Dahl-Executive DirectorFASEB Office of PublicationsMs. Barbara Anne Walker-Content Licensing and Sales ManagerOpen DiscussionLunch