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EDTEC 440 – MultiMedia Project: What is Advertising?

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1 EDTEC 440 – MultiMedia Project: What is Advertising?
Subject Area: Marketing & Advertising Target Audience Level: Grades 9-12 Leigh-Kathryn Smith

2 An Introduction The main objectives of this lesson/tutorial are:
To provide supplemental information that is not included in the textbook To incorporate the Advertising Podcast To provide 2 quick assessments

3 Navigation Key BA A-MT ITB M AM T M AT AT ToA
Each section has it’s own unique navigation button for use within the section. This button will always be the last element to appear on a slide. Here are each of the Navigation Buttons: ~ Click to return to this Before Advertising slide BA A-MT ~ Click to return to this Adv-Mktg Tools slide ~ Click to return to this In The Beginning slide ITB M ~ Click to Return to this Media slide AM ~ Click to return to this Advertising Matures slide T M ~ Click to Return to this Target Markets slide AT ~ Click to return to this Advertising Today slide ~ Click to return to the Timeline slide AT ~ Click to return to this Advertising Tomorrow slide ToA ~ Click to return to this Types of Advertising slide ~ This brings user back to main Advertising page (index)

4 Hypermedia MultiMedia
An extension to hypertext that supports linking graphics, sound, and video elements in addition to text elements. New hypermedia systems under development will allow objects in computer videos to be hyperlinked. Hypermedia capabilities provide the potential to move within an environment without linear, sequential relations. Like hyperlinks on the Internet, we can use special software to create our own nodes and links that can be followed in a non-linear sequence. (EDTEC 440) The use of computers to present text, graphics, video, animation, and sound in an integrated way. Multimedia capabilities unite two or more media into a single product. Thus, in one instructional environment, we can use text, graphics, sound, animation, and movies. (EDTEC 440)

5

6 What is Advertising? Evolution of Advertising Types of Advertising
Top Slogan - Quiz Advertising as a Marketing Tool Advertising Media Print Video Broadcast Other Target Markets Pros & Cons of Advertising ~ Click on this symbol to return to this Advertising Home page

7 Evolution of Advertising
1850 – Interchangeable parts & sewing machine 1750 – Industrial Revolution 1864 – U.S. railroad coast to coast 1704 – First ads in newspaper 1920 – Ads include Illustrations Telegraph Television Radio 1800s 1900s 2000s Before Advertising In The Beginning Advertising Matures Advertising Today Advertising Tomorrow ~ Click to return to this Timeline slide

8 Evolution of Advertising
Before Advertising 1800s 1900s Matures 2000s Today Tomorrow 1704 – First ads in newspaper 1750 – Industrial Revolution Telegraph 1850 – Interchangeable parts & sewing machine 1864 – U.S. railroad coast to coast 1920 – Ads include Illustrations Radio Television In The Beginning ~ Click to return to this Timeline slide

9 Before Advertising Products and services were exchanged long before Advertising, per say, existed. Growing populations and villages set the stage for the birth and rise of Advertising. Early Households Early Towns Early Commerce ~ Click to return to this Before Advertising slide BA

10 Early Households BA Early households were self-sufficient
Each house had ample land surrounding it Used for raising crops Used for raising livestock Clothing was designed and made from available materials Cloth from yarn Leather from cattle Homes were built from available materials Wood Rocks BA

11 Early Towns BA People gathered into towns as populations grew for
Protection Commerce Towns did not provide for crops or livestock Residents not able to remain self-sufficient Specialization began in the trades Candlemakers Tailors Food (fruit, bread, meat) Residents became interdependent Relied on others for things they themselves couldn’t provide BA

12 Early Commerce BA Specialization brought with it bartering
Candlemaker traded candles for bread from the baker Baker traded bread to tailor for clothing Bartering became outdated As more people specialize, bartering for everything became too complicated i.e.: baker might want glass for his windows, but the glassmaker didn’t want want bread People sold products for something everyone valued—gold A free market economy ruled by supply and demand was born.5 BA

13 In The Beginning A free market economy is an important factor in Advertising Supply & demand inspires competing businesses to advertise as a means for increasing demand for their products Before 1800 Industrial Revolution The 1800s ~ Click to return to this In The Beginning slide ITB

14 Before 1800 ITB Towns became cities
Created large groups of people that could be targeted by advertising New technology and inventions made it possible to distribute information to many at one time Advertising was born In 1704, the Boston News Letter contained paid advertisements for Real estate The return of lost items Text only Illustrations didn’t appear until much later ITB

15 The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution changed the world in many ways Start – 1750 in England Spread slowly until the 1800s 1850 mass production made possible Interchangeable parts Introduction of the perfected sewing machine Companies could make large numbers of items Needed to stimulate demand for these items Stimulation came through Advertising Advertising became necessary for growing businesses ITB

16 The 1800s Additional events caused boom in business and advertising Invention of telegraph – 1844 Created a way of communicating at greater speeds over long distances Transportation Changed forever – Railroad connected east and west coasts-1864 Opened distant markets for local companies Media 1850 – newspaper circulation estimated reach – 1 million copies per day Mass Media was ready to deliver advertising to over a million people a day The first Advertising Agent, Volney Palmer, opened his doors for business in Philadelphia ITB

17 Advertising Matures Advertising took a more modern look
Illustrations began to give advertisement the look we are used to seeing today The 1900s Radio vs. Television AM ~ Click to return to this Advertising Matures slide

18 The 1900s Ads became more visual
Advertisements from the 1920s were so beautifully illustrated that they are often considered works of art today AM

19 Radio vs. Television AM Radio Television
1930s – Radio emerges as an effective advertising medium Remained most significant medium for advertising until television appeared in the 1950s Television 1960 – about 90% of American homes had TVs Advertising thrived in the TV arena Beginning – advertisements focused on the product 1990s – Advertisers learned quickly, and commercials were now slick and polished AM

20 Advertising Today Advertisers have learned from experience
Today’s advertising is fast and slick Consumers have learned too Today’s consumer is knowledgeable and sophisticated Advertising Today - Overview Advertising Media Today The Internet Today AT ~ Click to return to this Advertising Today slide

21 Advertising Today – Overview
Today, advertising is everywhere Magazines you read Newspapers you read Radio stations you listen to Television channels you watch Sporting events you attend Signs you see Internet sites you surf It’s impossible to avoid Companies spend a large percentage of their income on advertising This can amount to millions or billions of dollars Ex.: Procter & Gamble Tide laundry detergent Crest toothpaste Spends $3 billion a year on advertising AT

22 Advertising Media Today
The traditional forms of media used to deliver advertising have matured Directed at a passive audience You read, listen, or watch passively It is rare to produce an advertisement that is truly new or innovative The various media have reached their limitations Print ads are limited by what can be placed on paper Radio ads are limited to sounds they can produce Television ads are limited to sights and sounds Advertising may be able to overcome these limitations in the future. AT

23 The Internet Today The Internet was originally created to support the exchange of information between scientists and researchers Today it informs, educates, entertains, communicates, and advertises Buying & selling on the Internet is clearly established and growing rapidly Most large companies are devoting part of their advertising budgets to Internet advertising Internet advertising is still evolving 1998 – Internet advertising revenue was $1.92 billion 1999 – Internet advertising revenue was $4.62 billion AT

24 Advertising Tomorrow The future of Advertising is difficult to predict
In the 1800s, people would never have been able to predict that in the 2000s we would sit around watching a box for entertainment The Purpose of Advertising The Internet Tomorrow Interactive Media Future Technologies AT ~ Click to return to this Advertising Tomorrow slide

25 The Purpose of Advertising
Regardless of what predictions may come in the future, remember Advertising’s definition won’t change Advertising must still be paid for Advertising’s role in business won’t change Advertising will continue to be a marketing tool that contributes to a company’s revenue and profits Most changes in advertising will be in the methods used to prepare and deliver the message AT

26 The Internet Tomorrow AT
The huge revenues earned in the late 1990s proves that the Internet is huge force that will continue to be an important part in advertising The Internet will continue to level the playing field between large and small companies Web sites allow consumers to view our products from the comfort of their family room sofa The methods utilized to deliver advertising on the Internet will change as the Internet evolves The scientists and researchers that developed the Internet didn’t envision how it would be utilized today In the same vein, we cannot look into a crystal ball to envision the Internet of tomorrow Commerce and advertising will certainly be a part of the Internet of Tomorrow AT

27 Interactive Media The main difference between traditional advertising and Internet advertising is the possibility for an exchange Between Consumer and Advertiser This exchange is interactive Communication goes both ways The consumer can provide input Advertising no longer has to be a passive experience for the consumer This provides opportunities for advertisers Today’s Internet advertising doesn’t take advantage of this feature Perhaps it will in the future AT

28 Future Technologies The Future of advertising might include the opportunity to target and reach every consumer that might purchase their products Today’s advertising drawing board might hold a whole new direction ~ and change everything in ways that we can’t even imagine The potential for the future is unlimited AT

29 Types of Advertising ToA
There are several different types of advertisements, which are meant to influence consumer buying decisions. Most ads combine information with entertainment, hoping to keep your attention long enough to hear the messages, and remember it when you go shopping There are 5 main types of advertising that we will take a look at here: Brand Advertising Informative Advertising Comparative Advertising Defensive Advertising Persuasive Advertising Top Slogan Choices ~ Quiz ToA ~ Click to return to this Types of Advertising slide

30 Brand Advertising Is intended to make you remember a brand rather than a specific product Is especially useful for companies that make several products, or a family of similar products Has affected your buying decision if you have ever tried a new variety or flavor just because an earlier product from the same brand label ToA

31 Informative Advertising
Teaches you about the product’s benefits Helpful for product benefits a consumer doesn’t understand Other products or product features become important selling features after consumers are educated about the benefits Can be very helpful Ex.: in 1999 consumers were informed that taking aspirin could help during the early stages of a heart attack The main purpose was to sell the product ToA

32 Comparative Advertising
Is the method of comparing benefits and qualities of two or more similar products Emphasizes the strengths of the advertised product, and the weaknesses of other products If the qualities that are emphasized are important to you, they will influence your decision The product always wins with this type of advertising ToA

33 Defensive Advertising
This might be the response of the “losing” product in a Comparative Advertisement The “losing” company wants to inform consumers that the weaknesses sited were exaggerated—or that, in fact, their product is better than the “winners” in some way These are very similar to Comparative Ads Are usually the response to the original comparison made by the competitor Can influence consumer buying decisions if the features are product qualities that are important to the consumer ToA

34 Persuasive Advertising
Persuasive Ads don’t: Provide information Emphasize product features Make comparisons Persuasive Ads do: Show happy people using the product The implication with Persuasive Ads is that if you use the product, you will be Happier More glamorous More athletic And so on …. ToA

35 Persuasive Advertising
These ads influence your decisions because you want to be more like the person using the product in the ad Since this type of ad doesn’t provide any information, they rely on emotional appeal ToA

36 Advertising Slogan Quiz
Top Slogans of the 20th Century Study the terms on the left and match each to the correct product/company on the right. Click the mouse to see the actual match for each slogan. Diamonds are forever. The pause that refreshes. Good to the last drop. Does she…or doesn’t she? Where’s the beef? Let your fingers do the walking. Just do it! We try harder. Breakfast of champions. When it rains, it pours. Look ma, no cavities! Loose lips sink ships. We bring good things to life. Maxwell House Nike Public Service Announcement Crest Clairol Wendy’s General Electric Yellow Pages Avis Wheaties Morton’s Salt DeBeers Coca-Cola ToA

37 Advertising As A Marketing Tool
Advertising is a basic business tool that enables communication between the company and consumers Advertising is an important element of a company’s Marketing process, which includes: Researching Pricing Promoting Selling Distributing

38 Advertising As A Marketing Tool - 2
Advertising relates to four marketing responsibilities: Design a Marketing Strategy Make the product Stand Out, and Target a market segment Contribute To Revenue and profit earning Enhance customer’s Brand Loyalty Beyond these, it also relates to: Enhancing Customer Satisfaction Life of the Product A-MT ~ Click to return to this Adv-Mktg Tools slide

39 Marketing Strategy A-MT Is used to promote and distribute a product
The strategy includes advertisements you see, along with a long list of things you don’t notice, like: Warranties Instruction Manuals Advertising tells the Target Audience about the value of the product/service Consumers want to see the product’s value before they spend money on it Advertising messages must fit the Marketing Strategy i.e.: If you don’t want to advertise “easy to upgrade” if upgrades are difficult and expensive A-MT

40 Stand Out in the Crowd To sell their products, advertisers must make their’s Stand Out in the Crowd (compared to other similar products on the market) The consumer must think of your product as different … and therefore have a reason to choose your product over the competition’s Which Chicken Noodle Soup would you rather eat? OR A-MT

41 Target the Consumer A-MT Who is most likely to buy your product?
Determining your product’s Target is an important part of advertising A key element of many advertisements is using people who look like your target consumer If consumers can identify with the ad, they can see themselves buying and using the product/service Commercials on TV are very different for trucks and cars, which are obviously aimed at two different groups of consumers A-MT

42 Contribute to Revenue The purpose of the marketing process is the generation of revenue Advertising plays an important role in revenue generation by creating sales A-MT

43 Brand Loyalty Advertising inspires consumers to be loyal to a specific brand This loyalty results from: Habit Brand images Brand names Loyal consumers are not sensitive to price increases ~ continuing to purchase regardless of price increases A-MT

44 Enhance Customer Satisfaction
Advertisements that attract consumers to buy a product will reinforce the decision after the item is bought and used This reinforcement raises the customer’s satisfaction level A-MT

45 Life of the Product Good advertising generates both revenue and profits throughout the life of the product It also enhances customer satisfaction before and after the sale The better the Marketing Strategy and advertisements, the longer the Product Life Cycle A-MT

46 Advertising Media The money spent on advertising affects the company paying for the advertising and the consumer receiving the advertising messages How much a company has in its advertising budget affect which advertising media it will utilize Companies typically spend millions each year on advertising Major media classes available utilization include: Print Print Video Broadcast Specialty or Other M ~ Click to Return to this Media slide

47 Advertising Media - Print
Print media include: Newspapers Magazines Direct Mail Outdoor Advertising Signs Billboards Directory Yellow pages White pages Transit Uses public transportation to bring advertising messages to consumers Print advertising is done in the written form Print advertisements are among the oldest and most effective types of advertising M

48 Advertising Media – Print - 2
Print advertising is done in the written form Print advertisements are among the oldest and most effective types of advertising Print advertising is accessible to most businesses M

49 Advertising – Print - Video
M

50 Advertising Media - Broadcast
Broadcast media includes both Radio and Television The average person will, over the course of a lifetime of 70-ish years, spend almost 10 years watching TV 6 years listening to the Radio Broadcast media is access for both entertainment and information gathering People are more likely to believe facts presented via broadcast vs. print TV advertisements have an extremely high production cost, compared to Radio M

51 Advertising Media - Broadcast
Radio Can be either local or national Syndicated or locally produced programs Estimated reach of 96 percent of all people 12 and over during any given week TV Might be the best form of advertising as it offers both sights and sounds as a means to motivate consumers to act Commercial TV networks can reach millions of people nationally M

52 Advertising Media – Specialty or Other
Specialty Media are relatively inexpensive, useful items with an advertiser’s name printed on it. Can include such things as: Key chains Pens/pencils Calendars Memo pads Other Media are creative, innovating forms of advertising. Can include, to name only a few: Sports area billboards Commercials run in movie theaters home video rentals Ads placed on hot air balloons, blimps, skywriting, plane banners (like at the beach) TV infomercials Spectacular billboards (rotating & Neon lights) Sponsorships Internet advertisements M

53 Target Markets Marketers can either utilize mass marketing or market segmentation when directing their advertisements Mass Marketing – involves using a single marketing plan to reach all consumers Market Segmentation – involves dividing the total market into smaller groups of people who share specific needs and characteristics Marketing and Advertising executives break down the mass market into market segments based on the following 3 general methods: Geographics Demographics Psychographics T M ~ Click to Return to this Target Markets slide

54 Target Markets - Geographics
Refers to the segmentation method based on where people live Local markets Regional markets National markets Global markets T M

55 Target Markets - Demographics
Refers to statistics that describe a population in terms of personal characteristics, including: Age 4+ Different segments Gender Income Ethnic background Education T M

56 Psychographics - Age Segments
When marketing people study age, they classify people by generations ~ as each tends to share certain characteristics Whoopies people 75+ years old Baby Boomers people born between Generation X People born between 1965 – 1980 Baby Boomlet People born between 1980 and present Currently reclassification is being done to break this group into at least 2 groups T M

57 Target Markets - Psychographics
Refers to the study of consumers based on their lifestyle, and the attitudes and values that shape it T M

58 Advertising – Pros & Cons
Provides Information Pro: Educates consumers Con: Is biased Raises the standard of living Pro: Makes products cheaper Con: Only raises the standard of living for some Affects your happiness Pro: Reflects society’s priorities Con: Promotes materialism Affects the mass media Pro: Supports a variety of mass media Con: Affects the information available

59 Sources - 1 Townsley, M. (2000). Advertising: Business Mason: South-Western/Thomson Learning (pp ). Farese, L., et al. (1997). Marketing Essentials (2nd ed.). Woodland Hills: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill (pp , 73-80, ). Photo web sources:      http://www.dkimages.com/discover/previews/767/ JPG  http://www.dkimages.com/discover/DKIMAGES/Discover/Home/History/North-America/United-States/Colonial-Era/Early-Settlers/Early-Settlers-4.html  http://www.history.org/visit/tourTheTown/flash.cfm  http://www.history.org/media/downloads/wallpaper/1280/jewellers.jpg  http://www.history.org/media/downloads.cfm  http://www.history.org/media/downloads/audio/CWair.mp3  http://www.history.org/media/downloads/audio/CWCW123.mp3  http://www.history.org/media/downloads/wallpaper/team/1280.jpg  http://www.history.org/media/downloads/wallpaper/horsePlow/1280.jpg

60 Sources - 2 http://www.ric.edu/faculty/rpotter/esq_boots.jpg

61 Sources - 3

62 Sources - 4    


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