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Synoptic: Superpower Geographies East Asian Neighbours

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Presentation on theme: "Synoptic: Superpower Geographies East Asian Neighbours"— Presentation transcript:

1 Synoptic: Superpower Geographies East Asian Neighbours

2 Wordle of advance info whole text

3 Wordle of advance info edited text

4 East Asia: The two key ideas
Geopolitics…. …is about global/regional scale political systems, allegiances and negotiations, including agreements often relating to resources and conflicts. A superpower… ….shows dominance of a region (or the world) in four spheres; economic, military, political and cultural.

5 East Asia: Geographical overview
Physical factors: - Relief / Oceans - Climate (Tropical / sub-tropical) - Natural resources (water / energy / food) Human factors: - Superpower status (military, economic, political, socio-cultural) - Relationships and political allies / groupings - Development - Population structure / change - Urbanisation - Agriculture

6 Physical factors: Relief, rivers and tectonics
Japan has a mountainous interior >tectonics/ island arcs >population density (fig13) Much of China’s western interior is mountainous, inhospitable Tibetan plateau >tectonics/fold mountains >population density (fig.13) Not many of China’s rivers connect the coast to its interior >barrier to development? >expensive to create/use land links

7 Physical factors: Natural hazards in China

8 Natural hazards in Japan and N/S. Korea

9 Physical factors: Climate zones and food
What is the link between the climate, oceans and natural hazards in the region?

10 Physical factors: Energy resources

11 Physical factors: Energy resources
Selected proved reserves as % of world total

12 Physical factors: Energy resources

13 Physical factors: Water resources

14 Human factors: Population density
What is China’s population distributed like this?

15 Human factors: Vulnerable cities
This map links population, development and natural hazards in the future https://support.rms.com/publications/OECD_Cities_Coastal_Flooding.pdf

16 Human factors: Development contrasts (HDI)

17 Human factors: Military influence
Dark blue = Blue water navy Pale blue = Developing blue water navy Green = Green water navy

18 Human factors: Relationships and energy

19 Human factors: Energy Pathways

20 Human factors: Energy Futures
Research ‘fracking’ (water intensive and has potentially serious side-effects/impacts)

21 Human factors: Cold War allegiances
Further research and definitions of Cold War / WWII:

22 Human factors: Chinese ‘empire’

23 Human factors: Fall of Japanese Empire

24 Themes/ideas: Sustainability
Sustainable development Social needs Environmental safeguarding/ improvement Economic needs

25 Development: Rostow’s model

26 Topic map of overall theme
Physical / human features Issues Superpowers: East Asia Players Futures Actions

27 Topic map of overall theme
Resources Climate Urbanisation Development Features/ Characteristics Physical features Oceans Human features Population Energy Politics IGOs TNCs Superpowers: East Asia Issues Global Players Futures Local Actions Regional Trade deals Treaties FDI

28 How can I be “synoptic”? Use ‘new’ information from research
Parallel examples How can I be “synoptic”? Links to areas of AS and A2 course Use of broad geographical themes

29 East Asia Statistics Examples Falklands
Use ‘new’ information from research USA / EU / Russia Parallel examples Updates Mediterranean East Asia Inequality Going Global Use of broad geographical themes Geopolitics Links to areas of AS and A2 course Water Conflict Sustainability Globalisation Development Energy Security Biodiversity Development Gap Tech Fix

30 Parallel examples Geopolitical tension/conflict over resources:
> Falkland Islands conflict Superpowers (compare USA, EU and Russia with China): > Make a table of economic, military, political and cultural aspects using the resource booklet and extra info. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ Regional inequalities and conflicts: > Mediterranean / Arab Spring east-protest-interactive-timeline

31 Parallel examples: Falklands conflict

32 Parallel examples: Arab Spring

33 Further research / updates
UN / World Bank classification of countries as HIC, MIC, LIC etc.. Global military strength (compare China with USA and Russia) China’s developing blue water navy Six Party Talks: Japan (political, energy security issues, Senkaku islands) Ecological footprints

34 Further research / updates
Beijing Olympics’ impact on China’s relationship with the world and internal policies: China’s relationship with N.Korea and USA N Korea and US relations/missile tests (loads of good stuff in ‘related articles’ at bottom): EU-China trade tariffs China’s relationship with ASEAN Growth of Shanghai https://www.un.org/cyberschoolbus/habitat/profiles/shanghai.asp

35 Some ideas for questions
Explain why there has been geopolitical tension in East Asia since the end of World War Two. Examine the factors that have led to uneven development in the region of East Asia. Examine the factors that have led to the emerging superpower status of China. Assess the position of China as an emerging superpower. Explain the contribution that globalisation has made to development and quality of life in East Asia. To what extent does political tension threaten the future development of East Asia? Assess the severity of potential sources of conflict in East Asia in future. …continued on the next slide.

36 Some more ideas for questions
To what extent are the disputes in East Asia are a threat to the stability and continuing development of the area as a whole? Explain the roles that a range of Players and Actions could take in helping East Asian countries to develop further. Explain how the growing economic power of East Asia could lead to social and political tension within the region and beyond. Assess the sustainability of continued development in East Asia. Discuss the global and regional impact of China’s rise to superpower status in future.


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