4East Asia: The two key ideas Geopolitics….…is about global/regional scale political systems, allegiances and negotiations, including agreements often relating to resources and conflicts.A superpower…….shows dominance of a region (or the world) in four spheres; economic, military, political and cultural.
5East Asia: Geographical overview Physical factors:- Relief / Oceans- Climate (Tropical / sub-tropical)- Natural resources (water / energy / food)Human factors:- Superpower status (military, economic, political, socio-cultural)- Relationships and political allies / groupings- Development- Population structure / change- Urbanisation- Agriculture
6Physical factors: Relief, rivers and tectonics Japan has a mountainous interior>tectonics/ island arcs>population density (fig13)Much of China’s western interior is mountainous, inhospitable Tibetan plateau>tectonics/fold mountains>population density (fig.13)Not many of China’s rivers connect the coast to its interior>barrier to development?>expensive to create/use land links
28How can I be “synoptic”? Use ‘new’ information from research Parallel examplesHow can I be “synoptic”?Links to areas of AS and A2 courseUse of broad geographical themes
29East Asia Statistics Examples Falklands Use ‘new’ information from researchUSA / EU / RussiaParallel examplesUpdatesMediterraneanEast AsiaInequalityGoing GlobalUse of broad geographical themesGeopoliticsLinks to areas of AS and A2 courseWater ConflictSustainabilityGlobalisationDevelopmentEnergy SecurityBiodiversityDevelopment GapTech Fix
30Parallel examples Geopolitical tension/conflict over resources: > Falkland Islands conflictSuperpowers (compare USA, EU and Russia with China):> Make a table of economic, military, political and cultural aspects using the resource booklet and extra info.https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/Regional inequalities and conflicts:> Mediterranean / Arab Springeast-protest-interactive-timeline
33Further research / updates UN / World Bank classification of countries as HIC, MIC, LIC etc..Global military strength (compare China with USA and Russia)China’s developing blue water navySix Party Talks:Japan (political, energy security issues, Senkaku islands)Ecological footprints
34Further research / updates Beijing Olympics’ impact on China’s relationship with the world and internal policies:China’s relationship with N.Korea and USAN Korea and US relations/missile tests (loads of good stuff in ‘related articles’ at bottom):EU-China trade tariffsChina’s relationship with ASEANGrowth of Shanghaihttps://www.un.org/cyberschoolbus/habitat/profiles/shanghai.asp
35Some ideas for questions Explain why there has been geopolitical tension in East Asia since the end of World War Two.Examine the factors that have led to uneven development in the region of East Asia.Examine the factors that have led to the emerging superpower status of China.Assess the position of China as an emerging superpower.Explain the contribution that globalisation has made to development and quality of life in East Asia.To what extent does political tension threaten the future development of East Asia?Assess the severity of potential sources of conflict in East Asia in future.…continued on the next slide.
36Some more ideas for questions To what extent are the disputes in East Asia are a threat to the stability and continuing development of the area as a whole?Explain the roles that a range of Players and Actions could take in helping East Asian countries to develop further.Explain how the growing economic power of East Asia could lead to social and political tension within the region and beyond.Assess the sustainability of continued development in East Asia.Discuss the global and regional impact of China’s rise to superpower status in future.