3Background Knowledge Prizefighting(职业拳击) and amateur boxing (业余拳击) Different PurposesDifferent DressingDifferent Promotional WaysDifferent Holding timeDifferent way of getting marks…
4Before you read the text, think about the following questions. Text IPre-reading ActivityBefore you read the text,think about the following questions.Now you are told that Benny Paret was a prizefighter. What do you think the article is about?Have you ever seen a prizefighting in a film or on TV? What’s your impression or feeling?>>>
5What do you think the boxing fans like to see? >>> Text IPre-reading ActivityOral DiscussionWhat are the possible causes of the death of a prizefighter during a boxing match? >>>What do you think the boxing fans like to see? >>>
6The possible causes of a death: His opponentThe refereeHimself (lacking of skills, no energy or power, poor health and so on…)
7The boxing fans like to see: The famous boxing stars:The intelligence, speed, power, skill, will, self-respectThe Violence, to see a man stretched out on the canvas, the supreme moment in boxing
84) The country with the second most finalists is America with three. Text IPre-reading Activity2. Listen to the report and try to answer following questions1) Russia had boxers reach the medal rounds here in ____ of the ______weight classes, and six of them won their _________ on Friday.2) Venezuela's Alfonso Blanco defeated Artayev Bakhtiyar of Kazakhstan, ___________.3) Warren considered his winning of bronze medal as ______, and until he got the gold medal around my neck and saw the American flag going up and listen to the National Anthem, it would be _______.3) In all, boxers from________ countries will have a chance to be 2007 _________________.4) The country with the second most finalists is America with three.5) Russian didn’t win all the six semifinalists.811semifinals15-7B-plusA-plus13World championFT
9Text IPre-reading ActivityNow, Listen to the tape and skim through the text for the main ideas. Before you read the text, go over the following incomplete sentences first. After reading the text, fill in the blanks with relevant information.
101-2 3-5 6-8 9 10 Now, please fill in the blanks. Text IThe Main StructureNow, please fill in the blanks.Paras._____ The writer had an interview with Mike Jacobs, who was____________________ Number one in the boxing world.Paras. ____ The only important element in successful boxing promoting is ___________________. People come out to see____________________.Paras._____ Benny Paret was killed in _________. The direct cause of his death was_________________________________.Para.__ The prime responsibility for his death was ___________________________________________.Para. __ The blame should be put on___________________________________________________________________________.1-2the prize fight promoter3-5to please the crowdthe knockoutthe ring6-8a massive hemorrhage in the brain9the people who pay to see a man hurt10the prevailing mores that regardprizefighting as a perfectly proper enterprise and vehicle of entertainment.
11Magazine Editorial The use of an intriguing title Text IStructureMagazine EditorialThe use of an intriguing titleThe telling use of authoritative “inside”information from the world of boxingThe subtle use of medical evidenceThe persuasive argumentAn attempt to create a senseThe skillfully dismissive wayThe way to issue an implicit challenge
12Vocabulary Acquisition Text IVocabulary AcquisitionRead the text once and Try to write down the meaning of following words that best fits the context.useless8. futile (L.40) ___________________________________9. intervene (L.41) ___________________________________10. boo (L.43) _______________________________________11. squirt (L.48) _____________________________________12. wobble (L. 48) _________________________________take into action to prevent something from happeningExpress disapproval or strong disagreement by saying booGush out in a thin fast streamMove unsteadily from side to side
13Vocabulary Acquisition Text IVocabulary AcquisitionRead the text once and Try to write down the meaning of following words that best fits the context.colossus (L.6) ______________________________________adequate (L.28) ______________________________________lacework (L.33) _________________________________exquisitely (L.34) _____________________________________intricate (L. 34) _____________________________________encase (L. 34) __________________________________withstand (L.35) ______________________________________A person or thing of very great size, importance or abilityjust enough ( for the purpose)a netlike ornamental cloth made of delicate threadsAlmost perfectlycomplicatedlyPut into a caseRemain unharmed
14Text IWho Killed Benny Paret?1 Sometime about 1935 or 1936 I had an interview with Mike Jacobs, the prizefight promoter. I was a fledgling newspaper reporter at that time; my beat was education, but during the vacation season I found myself on varied assignments, all the way from ship news to sports reporting. In this way I found myself sitting opposite the most powerful figure in the boxing world.2 There was nothing spectacular in Mr. Jacobs' manner or appearance; but when he spoke about prizefights, he was no longer a bland little man but a colossus who sounded the way Napoleon must have sounded when he reviewed a battle. You knew you were listening to Number One. His saying something made it true.
15Text I3 We discussed what to him was the only important element in successful promoting — how to please the crowd. So far as he was concerned, there was no mystery to it. You put killers in the ring and the people filled your arena. You hire boxing artists — men who are adroit at feinting, parrying, weaving, jabbing, and dancing, but who don't pack dynamite in their fists — and you wind up counting your empty seats. So you searched for the killers and sluggers and maulers — fellows who could hit with the force of a baseball bat.4 I asked Mr. Jacobs if he was speaking literally when he said people came out to see the killer.
16Text I5 "They don't come out to see a tea party," he said evenly. "They come out to see the knockout. They come out to see a man hurt. If they think anything else, they're kidding themselves."6 Recently a young man by the name of Benny Paret was killed in the ring. The killing was seen by millions; it was on television. In the twelfth round he was hit hard in the head several times, went down, was counted out, and never came out of the coma.
17Text I7 The Paret fight produced a flurry of investigations. Governor Rockefeller was shocked by what happened and appointed a committee to assess the responsibility. The New York State Boxing Commission decided to find out what was wrong. The District Attorney's office expressed its concern. One question that was solemnly studied in all three probes concerned the action of the referee. Did he act in time to stop the fight? Another question had to do with the role of the examining doctors who certified the physical fitness of the fighters before the bout. Still another question involved Mr. Paret's manager; did he rush his boy into the fight without adequate time to recuperate from the previous one?
18Text I8 In short, the investigators looked into every possible cause except the real one. Benny Paret was killed because the human fist delivers enough impact, when directed against the head, to produce a massive hemorrhage in the brain. The human brain is the most delicate and complex mechanism in all creation. It has a lacework of millions of highly fragile nerve connections. Nature attempts to protect this exquisitely intricate machinery by encasing it in a hard shell. Fortunately, the shell is thick enough to withstand a great deal of pounding. Nature, however, can protect man against everything except man himself. Not every blow to the head will kill a man — but there is always the risk of concussion and damage to the brain. A prizefighter may be able to survive even repeated brain concussions and go on fighting, but the damage to his brain may be permanent.
19Text I9 In any event, it is futile to investigate the referee's role and seek to determine whether he should have intervened to stop the fight earlier. This is not where the primary responsibility lies. The primary responsibility lies with the people who pay to see a man hurt. The referee who stops a fight too soon from the crowd's viewpoint can expect to be booed. The crowd wants the knockout; it wants to see a man stretched out on the canvas. This is the supreme moment in boxing. It is nonsense to talk about prizefighting as a test of boxing skills. No crowd was ever brought to its feet screaming and cheering at the sight of two men beautifully dodging and weaving out of each other's jabs. The time the crowd comes alive is when a man is hit hard over the heart or the head, when his mouthpiece flies out, when blood squirts out of his nose or eyes, when he wobbles under the attack and his pursuer continues to smash at him with poleax impact.
20Text I10 Don't blame it on the referee. Don't even blame it on the fight managers. Put the blame where it belongs — on the prevailing mores that regard prize-fighting as a perfectly proper enterprise and vehicle of entertainment. No one doubts that many people enjoy prizefighting and will miss it if it should be thrown out. And that is precisely the point.By Norman Cousins
21For the words in pink, please look at the explanations in the book on P105-107.
22Some boxing terms and their English equivalents: P105 area: a building in which boxing matches are held and which provides accommodation for the spectators and facilities (such as dressing and shower rooms) for the participants2) bout: a contest between two boxers which consists of a specified number of rounds and which usually ends in a decision by the judges in a knockout3) canvas: the canvas-covered mat which forms the floor of the ring4) clean hit: a fair and honest hit; a blow that is dealt by conforming to the rule5) count out (a boxer): (a referee) counts to ten before the boxer can get up, so that the boxer loses the match
23Some boxing terms and their English equivalents: P105 6) dance: move with one’s feet or body to dodge the blows of the opponent but seldom attack7) dodge: avoid (the opponent) by moving suddenly aside8) feint: deceive the opponent by making a feint, that is, by making a quick movement of the hand as if to punch, thus causing the opponent to move away or try to block, and thus leave an opening for a real punch9) fight: prizefight10) fight manager: person who manages the training and other activities of a prizefighter11) jab: make a quick straight punch usually on the head
24Some boxing terms and their English equivalents: P105 12) knockout: the termination of a match when one boxer has been knocked unconscious or has been knocked down and is unable to rise and resume boxing within 10 seconds13) mauler: the boxer who handles his opponent roughly14) mouthpiece: a rubber or a plate or strip of soft waxy substance used by boxers to protect the teeth and gums15) parry: block a thrust or blow by an opponent in boxing16) prizefight: a public boxing match for a money prize17) prizefighter: boxer18) prizefight promoter: an individual or organization that organizes a boxing match, and that guarantees the purse (sum of money offered as a prize) for professional boxers
25Some boxing terms and their English equivalents: P105 19) referee: judge in charge of a prizefight20) ring: the small square space closed in with ropes in which a boxing match is conducted21) round: one of the periods of actual boxing into which a match is divided. A round generally lasts for three minutes with a one-minute rest between rounds22) (boxer’s) second: the person who helps a boxer23) slugger: a boxer who depends mostly on the strength of his punch and little on defence and boxing skill; also called a puncher24) weave: move from side to side to present a moving target to one’s opponent
26fledglingn. 1) A young bird that has recently acquired its flight feathers.雏鸟：刚长齐飞行用羽毛的幼鸟2) A young or inexperienced person.新手：未成年的或无经验的人adj. New and untried or inexperienced:年轻的或无经验的：E.g. a fledgling enterprise; a fledgling skier.Please translate the following sentence:电视转播了那个初出茅庐的新闻记者成功地采访好莱坞电影明星的节目。The fledgling reporter’s successful interview with the Hollywood movie star was telecast.
27I found myself on varied assignments, all the way from ship news to reporting. Please paraphrase the sentence:I found I was given different kinds of assignments, ranging in variety from ship news to sports reporting.
28spectacularAdj. very impressive 引人入胜的, 壮观的n. a lavishly produced performanceE.g. a spectacular achievement in sciencePlease translate the sentence:这出新戏获得了巨大的成功。This new play was a spectacular success.
29colossus >>> n. a person or thing of very great size, importance or abilityTranslate: 莫扎特是作曲家中的巨匠。Mozart is a colossus among the composers.
30There was nothing spectacular in Mr There was nothing spectacular in Mr. Jacobs’ manner or appearance: but when he spoke about prizefights, he was no longer a bland man but a colossus… >>>Please paraphrase the sentence:There was nothing in Mr. Jacobs’ appearance and manner that would attract public attention, but when he talked about prizefights, he was not ordinary any more, he looked like a giant…
31who sounded the way Napoleon must have sounded when he reviewed a battle. What is the implied meaning of the sentence:When he spoke, he was no longer mild-mannered and gentle-looking. Instead, he had the authoritative tone and commanding voice of Napoleon, the famous military leader in French history, when he inspected a battle
32So far as he was concerned, there was no mystery to it. Please paraphrase the sentence:He saw nothing mysterious in boxing.有志者，事竟成，没有秘诀可言。Where there is a will, there is a way, and there is no mystery to it.
33you wind up counting your empty seats Please paraphrase the sentence:you end up with few people coming to watch the prizefightWhat is the implied meaning?the end result (of hiring boxing artists) is that you have few spectators,” because boxing fans are not interested in watching boxing artists.张教授以一段幽默故事结束了讲课。Professor Zhang wound up the lesson with a humor.
34adroit adj.1) Dexterous; deft. 熟练的；灵巧的2) Skillful and adept under pressing 机敏的n. adroitnessPhrase: be adroit in [at] 善于
35literally adv.1) In a literal manner; word for word: 照字面地，逐字地：E.g. translated the Greek passage literally. 逐字翻译希腊文章2) (Abbr. lit.) In a literal or strict sense: 完全地，认真的：在确切或严格的意义上：E.g. Don't take my remarks literally. 别把我的话当真Really; actually: 真实地；确切地：Translate: 世界上确实有不知道该怎么烧水的人.
36he was hit hard in the head several times, went down, was counted out, and never came out of the coma.coma: unconsciousness due to injuryPlease paraphrase the sentence:He was beaten fiercely in the head several times, fell to the floor, didn’t stand up when the referee counted the seconds from one to ten, and never regained consciousness.
37The Paret fight produced a flurry of investigations. flurry: 1) a sudden sharp rush of wind or rain or light fall of snow:E.g. Snow flurries are expected this evening.2) (of) sudden confusion or excitement:E.g. A flurry of excitement went round the hall as the party leader came in.Please paraphrase this sentence:The Paret fight resulted in a great deal of fervent public interest and several investigations.流行歌曲明星们到达时,观众人群中发生了一阵骚动。A flurry of excitement went among the audience as the popular singer stars arrived.
38Solemnly adv.Adj. solemn1) Deeply earnest, serious, and sober. 庄严的：极认真，严肃的2) Somberly or gravely impressive. 庄重的3) Performed with full ceremony: 隆重的E.g. a solemn High Mass. 隆重的大弥撒4) Invoking the force of religion; sacred: 神圣的E.g. a solemn vow. 神圣的誓言5) Gloomy; somber. 忧郁地；阴沉的
39Hemorrhage n & v.n. 1) Excessive discharge of blood from the blood vessels; profuse bleeding. 出血：血液从血管中大量排出；大量流血2) A copious loss of something valuable:大量流损，大损失：某种有价值的东西的大量流失：E.g. a hemorrhage of corporate earnings 公司财产的巨额流失v.intr.（不及物动词）1) To bleed copiously.大出血，大量流血2) To undergo a rapid and sudden loss:灾难性损失：遭受突如其来的损失：
40encase v.To enclose in or as if in a case.把…装箱或好象装入箱内encasement n.（名词）
41No crowd ever brought to its feet screaming and cheering at the sight of two men beautifully dodging and weaving out of each other’s jabs.Please paraphrase the sentence:When the crowd saw two boxers exquisitely move from side to side to avoid the opponent’s quick straight punch to the head, nobody would not get to his feet, crying out in a shrill voice and shouting in great joy.
42The time the crowd comes alive is when a man is hit hard over the heart or the head, when his mouthpiece flies out, when blood squirts out of his nose or eyes, when he wobbes under the attack and his pursuer continues to smash at him with poleax impact.Please paraphrase the sentence:The time when the crowd is brought to a cheerful and excited mood is when a boxer receives hard blows over his heart and head, when his gumshield falls off, when blood oozes from his nose or eyes, when he moves unsteadily from side to side under the attack, and his opponent chases him and goes on with his heavy blows and hard punches with the force of a poleax.
43Please paraphrase the sentence: Put the blame where it belongs --- on the prevailing mores that regard prize-fighting as a perfectly proper enterprise and vehicle of entertainment.Please paraphrase the sentence:Find out where the responsibility really lies --- it lies in the dominant and controlling social customs and standards that look upon prize-fighting as a completely suitable understanding (for making money) and a form of recreation.
44Extensive Reading Questions Text IIExtensive Reading QuestionsA Piece of Steak1. Where did the story take place? (in Australia)2. What feature or features of Tom King tell people that he was a prizefighter?3. Describe Tom King’s personality.4. Why did tradesmen no longer agree to let Tom King buy anything on credit?5. What did Tom King do to support his family between fights?6. What do you think were the causes of Tom King’s defeat?
45Workbook, Page 130, Comprehension Text IIPracticeWorkbook, Page 130, Comprehension
46What Do People Come Out to See in a Boxing Match? Oral WorkWhat Do People Come Out to See in a Boxing Match?Nathan Caldwell is a newspaper reporter. He is now interviewing Micheky Jackson, the prizefight promoter. They are discussing the question: “What do people come out to see in a boxing match?”
47A Discussion on the Nuclear Power Station Oral WorkA Discussion on the Nuclear Power StationHere are some expressions which can be used to make suppositions::I am afraid I’m not quite clear about what you mean by…I’m sorry, I don’t understand what you mean by…I’m sorry, but could you explain what you mean by …?Well, the point I’m trying to make is that …All I’m trying to make is that ...All I’m trying to say is that…Well, what I’m trying to say is that …
49Précis WritingPractice: write précis of Atomic CarsWorking in groups of two or three, choose the opening sentence from among the following on P116.Working in groups, write the précis according to the outline and the main points.
50Paragraph WritingArgument:Writings usually begin with the narration of an event to which the writer relates his views, which are usually found in news paper commentaries or editorials.Read the passage and decide which is the topic sentence, events and viewpoint.
51Letter Writing Write a letter with the following information. Writer Borrowing a Book: P118Write a letter with the following information.WriterAddresseeRelationshipIntroductionPurposeConclusionEnding
53Workbook Page 136 B: True or False? F F T F F ListeningWorkbook Page 136B: True or False?In a wrestling contest, each wrestler tries to knock his opponent down and keep him lying on the ground with his face downward for one second.Wrestling contests are usually held on a hard floor and the participants easily get injured.Wrestling was part of the ancient Greek Olympic Games.The Greeks adopted and formalized Roman wrestling.Wrestling was a popular sport in Egypt as far back as 5000 B.C.FFTFF
54Complete the following sentences: ListeningWorkbook Page 137Complete the following sentences:Greco-Roman wrestling: the wrestler is not allowed to use __________________________________________________________.Catch-as-catch-can: holds are allowed on __________________ but kicking, ___________________ and other such injurious tactics ______________________.Sumo: the object of a sumo contest is to ______________________ ___________________________________________________.Professional wrestling: professional wrestlers perform stunts and muscular feats for ________________________ _________________.his legs on his opponent and cannot hold him below the waist.all parts of the bodystrikingare strictly prohibitedpush an opponent out of the ring or force him to the floorthe benefit of an audience
55Useful Expression 1. dipper n . 北斗七星 2. compass n. 罗盘, 指南针, 圆规v. 包围 3. pedometer n. 步数计, 步程计4. head vt. 朝向, 前进；为首；率领；主持；领导E.g. head south向南走去We’re heading home. 我们正朝着家走。Where are you heading for?你往哪儿去?5. figure out v. 合计为, 计算出6. GPS abbr. Global Position System全球定位系统7. orbit n. 轨道 v. 绕……轨道而行8. receiver n. 接收器
56Finding the Direction and Location ListeningDictationFinding the Direction and LocationHow can you tell which direction? By day, look for the Sun. It is in the east in the morning and the west in the afternoon. At night, use the Big Dipper to help you find the North Star. It would be better to bring a compass because its needle always points north.How do you know how far you have gone? You could count every step. Each step is about two feet. You’d better wear a pedometer which is a tool that counts steps. If you know where you started, which direction you are heading, and how far you have gone, you can use a good map to figure out exactly where you are.Today there is a new way for travelers to figure out where they are. It is the GPS. It has 24 satellites that orbit the earth and constant broadcast their positions. Someday you may carry a small receiver as you hike and use GPS to find out if you are there yet!
57Useful Expression 1. matter n. 物质；内容；事情 reading matter 阅读材料 This is a matter of no account. I have anurgent matter to attend to.I have an important matter to talk to you *2. destructive adj. 破坏(性)的3. seismic adj. [地] 地震的seismic waves 震波5. bounce v. (使)反跳, 弹起bounce back 弹回6. vacuum n. 真空
58ListeningDictationWavesHow does light get from the sun to the earth? How does music get from the stage to the audience? They move the same way --- in waves!Light and sound are forms of energy. All waves carry energy, but they may carry it differently.Light and sound travel through different kinds of matter. For example, light waves cannot move through walls, but sound waves can. That is why you can hear people talking in another room even though you cannot see them. The energy of some waves is destructive. An earthquake produces seismic waves.Catch a wave. Ask a friend to stand a few feet away from you. Stretch a spring between you. Shake the spring to transfer energy to it. What happens? The spring bounces up and down in waves. When the waves reach your friend, they bounce back to you!Light waves travel 300,000 kilometers (186, 00 miles) per second! They can also travel through a vacuum. That is why light from the sun and distant stars can travel through space to the earth!